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Fagundes Varela, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-07-25 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | fagundes varela |
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Fagundes Varela, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 18 July 2020

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The municipality of Fagundes Varela (2,724 inhabitants in 2017; 13,402 ha) is located 180 km of Porto Alegre.

Fagundes Varela was established in 1888 by Italian immigrants coming from Alfredo Chaves colony. The were soon joined by a few German, Polish and French families. The small settlement they founded in 1891, Capela de Santo Antônio de Padua, was locally known as Cento, being located in plot No. 100.
The district of Bella Vista was established on 12 June 1905 within the municipality of Alfredo Chaves (now, Veranópolis), to be renamed to Fagundes Varela in 1938. The municipality of Fagundes Varela was established by State Law No. 8,460 promulgated on 8 December 1987.

Fagundes Varela (1841-1875), born from an affluent family in Rio, preferred literature and bohemian life to law studies, publishing his first poems, "Noturnas", in 1861. His marriage with a circus artist caused a family scandal and increased his poverty. The death of his first son, Emiliano, three-months old, inspired the poem "Cântico do Calvário". Alcoholism and errance increased, so did his poetical inspiration; he published "O estandarte auriverde" (The gold and green standard) in 1863, "Vozes da América" in 1864 and, the next year, his masterpiece, "Cantos e fantasias", and maintained his bohemian life until his death.
Varela was named protector of chair No. 11 at the Brazilian Academy of Literature by the academy's founder, Lúcio de Mendonça.
Brazilian Academy of Letters

Ivan Sache, 18 July 2020


The flag and arms of Fagundes Varela are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 114 promulgated on 10 May 1990.
The symbols were designed by Mauro Bassini, winner of a public contest.

The flag is white with the municipal coat of arms in the center.
White is a symbol of peace, tranquility and hope.
The coat of arms represents agriculture, developing industry and religious feeling of the people, Italian origin, fauna, glee and people's hospitality. The shield is completed by the writing "Fagundes Varela 1888-1987", the dates of colonization and creation of the municipality.
Municipal website


Ivan Sache, 18 July 2020