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Nova Petrópolis, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-08-02 by ian macdonald
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Nova Petrópolis, RS (Brazil) image by Dirk Schönberger, 3 March 2012

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The municipality of Nova Petrópolis (21,156 inhabitants in 2018; 29,108 ha) is located 100 km north-east of Porto Alegre.

Nova Petrópolis was established on 7 September 1858, short after the end of the Ragamuffin Revolution in 1845. The name of the colony (New Peter's Town) was a tribute to Emperor Peter II and to the Royal Town of Petrópolis (Rio de Janeiro), where the Imperial Court organized its festivals. The colony was designed by the Argentine land surveyor José Maria Vidal, who was appointed its first director. Plots of ca. 50 ha were designed along "lihnas" and "picadas", with colonial nuclei implanted every 10 km as a support to isolated colonies. The seat ("Stadtplatz", German for "Town Square") was to be established at more or less equal distance of all nuclei, equipped with shops, workshops, church etc...
An erroneous evaluation of navigability of rivers Caí and Cadeia and difficulties to build roads in the colony's mountainous environment significantly slowed down the colony's initial development, prompting hundreds of immigrants to move elsewhere. The place remained very isolated and its limited agricultural production had to be transported to markets using animals.

The establishment of Porto dos Guimarães on river Caí and of roads allowed the creation in 1875 of the municipality of São Sebastião do Caí, with Nova Petrópolis as one of its districts. During the Federalist Revolution, the colonies were threatened by bands of rascals claiming to support the revolution. On the German model, Colonel Alfredo Steglich established in Nova Petrópolis a militia that resisted the assaulters and eventually defeated them. Members of the militia constituted shooting societies that were officially recognized by the authorities.
Caixa Rural de Nova Petrópolis was founded in 1902 under the guidance of Father Theodor Amistad, as Brazil and Latin America's first credit cooperative. In 1910, the colonists set up a network of phone lines connecting all colonial nuclei to the centrals of Linha Imperial and Nova Petrópolis, and, from them, to Linha Nova, São José do Hortêncio and São Sebastião do Caí.
The municipality of Nova Petrópolis was established in 1954.
Municipal website
Ivan Sache, 1 August 2020


The flag of Nova Petrópolis is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 850 promulgated on 22 December 1984.

Article 1.
The flag shall have for proportions 2 units in the vertical dimension on 3 units in the horizontal dimension. The upper right and lower left rectangles are ice blue. The upper left and lower right rectangles are white. On the intersection of the vertical and horizontal lines that separate the four rectangles is placed the coat of arms of the municipality, as prescribed by Municipal Law No. 116 promulgated on 5 April 1958.
Leis Municipais database

The coat of arms of Nova Petrópolis is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 116 promulgated on 5 April 1958.

Article 2.
a) A primitive Portuguese shield, divided into two parts, upper and lower, separated by a white line of 0.1 unit in width an another, dark green, of 0.2 unit.
b) The upper part features mountains in the lower part, a Brazilian pine and a swallow on a celestial blue background.
c) The lower part of the shield features in the center a map of the municipality, dark green on a white background, from upper dexter corner to sinister, three cables suspended by three suspension insulators, bronze; in base, for the sake of decoration, on the right two mature wheat spikes and left two mature maize cobs, in the color of mature heat and mature maize, respectively. The municipality's seat shall be signaled on the map featured in the lower part.
d) Separated, in the lower part of the coat of arms, a golden scroll with the writing argent "NOVA 28 - 2 - 1955 PETRÓPOLIS".

Article 3.
The coat of arms shall be 18.35 m in width on 15?00 m in length, or 1,835 units on 1,500 units.
The upper part, including the two lines that separate it from the lower part, shall be 8.50 m in width and 15.00 m in length.
Leis Municipais database

The design of the coat of arms was altered by Municipal Law No. 3,539 promulgated on 17 April 2006.
Leis Municipais database


Ivan Sache, 1 August 2020

Nova Petrópolis Gliding Station

The name, flag and arms of the Nova Petrópolis Gliding Station are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 1,934 promulgated on 30 November 1998.

Article 1.
The Gliding Station owned by the municipality in Fazenda Pirajá shall be named "Ninho das Águias" ["Eagles' Nest"] or "Adlerhorst".

Article 2.
The coat of arms of "Ninho das Águias" features a stylized double-headed eagle superimposed with the coat of arms of the municipality of Nova Petrópolis. Isolated form the eagle's upper part is placed the Brazilian Imperial Crown. Beneath the shield, a a scroll inscribed "Adlerhorst".

Article 3.
The flag of the "Ninho das Águias" Gliding Station is composed of a rectangular panel as described in the previous Article.
Leis Municipais database

Nova Petrópolis Corps of Volunteer Firefighters

Nova Candélaria, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 1 August 2020

The flag and arms of the Nova Petrópolis Corps of Volunteer Firefighters are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 1,808 promulgated on 11 November 1994.

Article 1.
The coat of arms adopted for the Nova Petrópolis Corps of Volunteer Firefighters is described as: Emblem of German origin, with two crossed axes (in black), a torch in the center (in red) superimposed with a helmet (in gray), on a yellow background supported by red flames. In the upper part, the writing, in an arched pattern, "Corpo de Bombeiros Voluntários", in base, "Nova Petrópolis - RS", all in black letters.

Article 2.
The flag adopted for the Nova Petrópolis Corps of Volunteer Firefighters is described as: A white rectangle charged in the center with the coat of arms described in the previous Article, in different prescribed dimensions.
Leis Municipais database
Ivan Sache, 1 August 2020