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São João Batista, Santa Catarina (Brazil)

Last modified: 2021-12-11 by ian macdonald
Keywords: santa catarina | são joão batista |
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[Flag of São João Batista, Santa Catarina image by Dirk Schönberger, 7 August 2012

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The municipality of São João Batista (37,424 inhabitants in 2019; 22,073 ha) is located 70 km west of Florianópolis.

São João Batista originates in the parish of São João de Alto Tijucas, established by Law No. 90 promulgated on 19 April 1838. The founder was Captain João de Amorim Pereira (d. 1860), administrator of the Nova Itália colony. Italian colonization of the parish was allowed by Law No. 49 promulgated on 15 June 1836. São João de Alto Tijucas was incorporated on 13 June 1860 to the newly formed municipality of Tijucas.
The municipality of São João Batista was established by State Law No. 348 promulgated on 21 June 1958 and inaugurated on 19 July 1958.

São João Batista is Brazil's 4th shoe-making center. The number of shoe-making companies increased from 20 in the 1960s to 300 in 1986 and 395 now, employing 10,000 workers. São João Batista was proclaimed Santa Catarina's Capital of Shoe-making by State Law No. 12,076 promulgated on 27 December 2001.
Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 7 November 2021

Description of the Flag

An off-centred blue cross, bordered white, on a red field, with the municipal shield in a white disk on the cross.

Official website at
Dirk Schönberger, 7 August 2012

The flag and arms of São João Batista are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 637 promulgated on 9 September 1980.

Article 6.
The municipal flag of São João Batista, designed by the heraldist and vexillologist Lauro Ribeiro Escobar, is: Rectangular, red with a blue cross bordered in blue, on its arms' intersection, a white circle charged with the coat of arms described in Article 19.

Article 7.
In compliance with heraldic rules, the municipal flag shall have the official dimensions prescribed for the national flag, 14 units in width on 20 units in length.

Article 19.
The coat of arms of the municipality of São João Batista, designed by the heraldist and vexillologist Lauro Ribeiro Escobar, is: Iberian shield. Gules a Paschal lamb argent a chief vert a base serrated argent a fess wavy azure. The shield surmounted by a mural crown argent with eight towers ports gules. The shield supported dexter and sinister by sugarcanes proper. A scroll gules inscribed with the toponym "São João Batista" surrounded by date "19/07/1942" argent.

The coat of arms shall have the following interpretation
a) The Iberian shield was used in Portugal at the time of discovery of Brazil; its adoption evokes the early colonizers and builders of the homeland.
b) Gules (red) has for heraldic meaning audacity, courage, value, gallantry, intrepidity, nobleness, generosity and honor, alluding to the attributes of the early colonizers of the region, inherited by their successors, who courageously believed in the vigor of the land, settled there and built a prosperous municipality.
c) The Paschal lamb is the attribute of St. John the Baptist, evoking the patron saint to which the parish church was dedicated, and making the arms canting.
d) The chief vair represents shoe-making industry, which makes of São João Batista Santa Catarina's Capital of Shoe-making. In heraldry, vair is used as a symbol of high nobleness, preeminence and notable dignity. It is therefore used to represent production of leather of high quality.
e) The base serrated represents the hilly topography of the municipality, while the fess wavy represents its hydrographical resources, especially river Tijucas, whose banks are the site of São João Batista.
f) Argent is a symbol of felicity, purity, temperance, truth, frankness, beauty, integrity and friendship. Azure (blue) is a symbol of justice, beauty, nobleness, incorruptible firmness, glory, virtue, constancy, dignity, zeal and loyalty, highlighting the attributes of the administration and of the citizens and the atmosphere of harmony and compromise among São João Batista's people.
g) The mural crown is a symbol of political emancipation; argent, with eight towers, five of them visible, it is the proper attribute of a town. The open gates proclaim the people's hospitality. Gules (red) in the municipal crown indicates in Brazil law and justice, meaning that São João Batista is the seat of a county and "between these gates stands justice".
h) The sugarcanes highlight an important source of income, São João Batista being known as Santa Catarina's Capital of Sugar.
i) The scroll is inscribed with the toponym and "19/01/1942", the date of solemn inauguration of the municipality.
Leis Municipais database


The first flag of São João Batista was prescribed by Municipal Law No. 131 promulgated on 30 November 1967.

Article 2.
The flag shall have the following colors.
a) White
b) Red
c) Yellow
d) Green
e) Black.
Leis Municipais database

The first coat of arms of São João Batista was prescribed by Municipal Law No. 130 promulgated on 30 November 1967. Nothing is said about its design.
Leis Municipais database

Ivan Sache, 7 November 2021