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Borborema, São Paulo State (Brazil)

Last modified: 2013-03-23 by ian macdonald
Keywords: sao paulo | borborema |
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Borborema, SP (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 19 March 2013

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About the Flag

An off-centred blue cross, bordered white, on a red field, bearing the municipal arms in a white disk on the cross.

Official website at
Dirk Schönberger, 2 October 2012

The municipality of Borborema (14,485 inhabitants in 2009; 55,260 ha) is located 400 km north of São Paulo.

Borborema was founded on 12 May 1902 by the owners of the Fugidos Estate, named for a community once founded there by fugitive slaves. The early colonists pointed out that a new settlement called Fugidos would not be very attractive; accordingly, the district of Borborema was established by State Law No. 1,196 of 29 December 1909, as part of the municipality of Itápolis. Borborema is indeed the name of a mountain range located in Paraíba State; Nicolau Pizzolante, one of the founders of the town, appears to have selected this name, upon the advice of a close friend coming from Paraíba and believing it means "highlands", although the new settlement is far away from any heights. Anyway, Borborema rather means, in Tupi-Guarani, "a waste land". This is probably not more attractive than Fugidos but nobody noticed it and the new name was adopted without further discussion. The municipality of Borborema was established by Law No. 2,089 of 19 December 1925 and inaugurated on 21 March 1926. - Municipal website

The symbols of Borborema were designed by Lauro Ribeiro Escobar.

The flag is red with an off-centered blue cross fimbriated yellow. Over the intersection of the cross' arms is placed a white disk charged with the municipal coat of arms. The size of the flag is 14 units x 20 units. The width of the cross' arms is 3 units, with a fimbriation of 0.5 unit in width. The vertical axis of the cross' vertical arm is placed 7 units from the hoist. The diameter of the disk is 8 units, while the height of the coat of arms is 6 units.

Photos of the flag

The coat of arms is "An Iberian shield, gules a bundle of three arrows surrounded by two bees displayed all or, the base or charged with a fess wavy azure. The shield surmounted by an eight-towered mural crown argent ports sable. The shield supported dexter by a plant of maize and sinister by a branch of orange tree, the two leaved and fructed proper. Below the shield a scroll gules inscribed with the municipality's name in letters or."

The Iberian shield, used in Portugal at the time of discovery of Brazil, is a tribute to the early colonizers and builders of the country. Gules (red) is a symbol of audacity, valour, fierceness, nobleness, intrepidity, magnanimity and honour. The arrows, St. Sebastian's martyr tools, represent the patron saint of the municipality, once named São Sebastião dos Fugidos, and the historical establishment of the first settlement by Major Claudino do Nascimento. The arrows are a symbol of war tradition, divine love and velocity. The bees symbolize work, industry, parsimony, sweetness and activity. Or is a symbol of wealth, splendour, generosity, nobleness, glory, power, force, faith, constancy, prosperity, sovereignty and rule. Or also evokes the inextinguishable resources of the soil. The fess wavy alludes to the water resources of the municipality, used to irrigate crops, such as rivers Tietê, São Lourenço and dos Porcos. Azure is a symbol of justice, beauty, sweetness, nobleness, incorruptible firmness, glory, virtue, constancy, dignity, zeal and loyalty, The mural crown is a symbol of municipal emancipation. The open ports mean hospitality. The maize plant and the orange tree branch represent the soil fertility and the main sources of income for the municipality. - Municipal website
Ivan Sache, 19 March 2013