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Banner of Culm Town (Teutonic Order, Germany)

Chelmno, flag in the 'Banderia Prutenorum' Manuscript

Last modified: 2013-11-24 by pete loeser
Keywords: culm | chelmno | stripes: wavy (white-red) | cross: latin inverted (black) |
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[Banner of Culm Town (Teutonic Order)]
Image by António Martins, 8 February 2002

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[Editor's note: the following translation by Chrystian Kretowicz of the Banderia Prutenorum manuscript is based on a translation from Latin into Old Polish, available at the Choragwie Pruskie cz. 1 - Jan Dlugosz webpage.]

6. Banner of Chelm (Culm) town, which was carried into the battle by Nikolaus [von Renis], also known as Niksz, native of Swabia. Some say that he was executed by the Grand Master for lack of courage in the battle. The banner [here a military unit] was led later by Janusz Orzechowski and Conrad von Ropkow. Others say it is not true Nicholas was murdered for cowardice by Grand Master Heinrich von Plawyen, successor to, fallen in battle, Ulrich von Junigen. These say Nicholas was brave and respected for his military skills, but when he saw the total defeat of his side and himself wounded and in rags, finally captured, he asked for and got permission to access King Ladislaus and begged for mercy. He received it from the magnimonious king and then asked to see the banner which he carried in the battle. Next day, the banner was shown to him, he embraced it and died on the spot. The king ordered his burial at the scene. Under that banner served knights and the city-folk from the Land of Chelm and Chelm town. Note: this banner is 3 cubits and one hand long, 3 cubits wide. The tail [schwenkel] runs 3 and 1/4 cubits and tapers to the end. [Editor's note: the flag is about 160 cm × 150 cm, the schwenkel about 162 cm long.]
Chrystian Kretowicz, 2 June 2001

The original image has the number "82" captioning the picture; it shows the flag hanging vertically (hoist in the top of the picture) and a wodden pole is visible at the viewer's right hand (my image being thus a supposed backside); no finial; sleeve continues the flag pattern.
António Martins, 28 February 2002

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