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Dachau City (Germany)

Stadt Dachau, Landkreis Dachau, Bayern

Last modified: 2020-11-21 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: dachau | escutcheons(3) | spur | lion(yellow) | serpent |
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[Dachau city banner] 5:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Nov 2020
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Dachau City

Dachau Banner

It is a white-red vertical bicolour. The coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: this online catalogue
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Nov 2020

Dachau Coat of Arms

[Dachau city CoA] image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Nov 2020

Baroque shield Azure, three escutcheons oval ordered 1:2; 1st (in chief) Gules a spur Argent; 2nd (at dexter) Sable a sinister facing lion rampant Or, crowned, armed and tongued Gules; 3rd (at sinister) Argent a serpent Azure with split tongue Gules.
The original arms are those, displayed in the escutcheon in chief, which appeared first on seals since 1374. The literature from the 19th and 20th century (e.g. Otto Hupp (1912) displayed the same pattern. The shield with three escutcheons is in use since the early 18th century in paintings and since 1786 with minor interruptions on seals. The lion is the Palatine lion of the Wittelsbach kin, stressing the close relationships between market town and dynasty. Since 1555 the arms of the market town displayed the lion alone, which was however depicted in different tinctures before and was considered to be the apocryphal coat of arms of the Counts of Dachau, who died out in 1128. The serpent (Italian: biscia) is a differentiation of the family arms of the Visconti kin from Milano. The original arms displayed the serpent engulfing a naked man. The serpent was included due to a debenture of Dachau as morning gift of Elisabetta Visconti, the consort of Duke Ernst of Bayern, in 1396. Dachau was first mentioned as a market town in 1270, but gained the status probably earlier, shortly after 1240. It was elevated to a city on 15 November 1933.
Source: Stadler 1965, p.38
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Nov 2020

Banner and arms were adopted by the city council in 1962 and confirmed on 21 December 1962 by Minister of Interior of Bayern.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 14 Nov 2020

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