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Cuenca (Azuay, Ecuador)

Cantén Santa Ana de Cuenca

Last modified: 2024-06-22 by daniel rentería
Keywords: azuay | cuenca |
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image by Jaume Ollé

Known Flag - indicates a flag is known..
No Known Flag - indicates it is reported there is no flag.
★ - indicates the cantonal capital


  • El Valle
  • El Vecino *
  • Gil Ramírez Dávalos *
  • Hermano Miguel *
  • Huayna Cápac *
  • Llacao
  • Machángara *
  • Molleturo
  • Monay *
  • Nulti

* - indicates an urban parish, which does not have its own government; as such, the cantonal government is in charge of the parish and it is rare for the parish's community to adopt symbols of their own apart from the canton's.

See also:

The Flag

At is the Cuenca flag and arms. I suspect that the city flag, which is the same as  the provincial flag, is also the cantonal flag.
Jaume Ollé, 17 August 2003

The town of Cuenca, capital of the canton of the same name, was founded on 12 April 1557. it was registered on the UNESCO List of World Heritage in 1999.
Translated from
"The flag of Cuenca is made of two horizontal stripes of 3 x 2 m. The upper stripe is bright red and the lower stripe is reseda (golden yellow). The two stripes are of equal right.
The red and yellow colours come from the Spanish flag, since Cuenca has proclaimed itself the forever heir of the virtues of Spain, Pelayo and the Catholic Kings. The town was granted the title of "Very Noble and Very Loyal". The writing on it shield says "Primero Dios y después voz".
A town flag was allowed to be hoisted on houses in relevant circumstances, either in peace or wartime. The municipal government required from the Vice-Roy, Marquis of Cañete [1535-1609; Vicerey of Peru, 1590-1596], the permission to manufacture its own flag and to fly it publicly in the streets of the town. The first petitioner was Rodrigo Paz, an inhabitant of Quito, heading to Cuenca as a special envoy of the government. The flag provision was received on 10 June 1558 in presence of the founder, Captain Gil Ramirez Dávalos.
Subsequently, the Procurator of the town, Lorenzo Fernández Lucero, gave permission to the government to manufacture its own flag, as granted on 13 February 1576, allowing the purchase of the required fabric. On 9 May 1590, Procurator Lázaro Vallejo required again the manufacturing of the flag - the earlier prescription does not seem to have been applied. The flag was prescribed as made of crimson fabric with the town's emblems on one side, and a picture of apostle Santiago, the patron saint of Spain, on the other side, the flag being bore through the streets on the eve of the Apostle's Day. The first flag bearer was Mayor Cristóbal Barzallo Quiroga."
Ivan Sache, 4 October 2008

Historical Flag

image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 26 April 2016

It is an oblong flag, depicted as close to 1:2, red with a thick golden yellow bordure, and charged with five white sugarloaves (of very unusual shape) set in saltire. This design is, at least, a flagoid of the municipality or maybe even an actual historical flag.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 26 April 2016

The sugarloaves (I'd never recognize them as such just by viewing) probably need not be fimbriated black - such lines divide all areas in different colors in the coat of arms image, so they should either be dropped from the flag image (heraldically, no sense in separating gules and argent by sable), or added everywhere - between red field and gold border, and all around the outer edge of the flag.
Tomislav Todorović, 27 April 2016

I was thinking the same, but decided to go for this hybrid approach (which is also used in most of our CH subnational banners of arms) because, while it is simple and straightforward to add a black line along the bordure, it is not clear how exactly would these strange shapes look like when devoided of their thick, calligraphic edging. Hopefully we will find out how the actual flag looks like.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 27 April 2016

Coat of Arms

image by Paulo García and António Martins-Tuválkin, 26 April 2016

The coat of arms can be seen in detail here. It has a samnitic shield placed "au valon" (whose blazoning I leave for the truely addicted), four-colored manteling in the usual depiction, and a lance for supporter, bearing a white streamer with the 16th century city motto "Primero Dios y después voz" (kept till today as a token of militant secularism) and a flag - that is not a banner of the arms (at least not the same arms as those on the shield).
António Martins-Tuválkin, 26 April 2016