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Orellana Canton (Orellana, Ecuador)

Cantón Francisco de Orellana

Last modified: 2021-08-26 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: orellana | francisco de orellana | puerto francisco de orellana |
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image by Jens Pattke, 28 September 2008
ceremonial flag

image by Jens Pattke, 28 September 2008
plain flag

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[Francisco de] Orellana canton (72,795 inhabitants in 2010; 704,755 ha) was established on 30 April 1969. The canton's capital, Puerto Francisco de Orellana, is colloquially known as El Coca, recalling that the Tagaeri and Sacha natives visited the place to practice healing rituals involving the chewing of coca leaves.
Canton website
Ivan Sache
, 18 September 2018

The Flag

The flag of canton of Francisco de Orellana (capital: Puerto Francisco de Orellana) is horizontally divided green-black with a yellow triangle at the hoist. In the flag of administrative use, at the center of the hoist is the cantonal Coat of Arms.
Jens Pattke, 28 September 2008

The flag of Francisco de Orellana canton is composed of three stripes.
The first stripe, located at the left in a triangular shape, is yellow.
It is joined by two lateral stripes, the upper green and the lower black.

Each color has a meaning for the Orellana population.
Yellow represents the resources of the soil of the canton.
Black represents the resource in oil of the underground of the Ecuadorian Amazonian basin, which is a source of progress for the country.
Green reflects the great plant biodiversity, the resources of the environment, in forest and agriculture and in the Amazonian soil, and the aspiration to better days.

The coat of arms is composed of an elliptic field surrounded by the flag of the canton. It is divided in four parts by two crossed spears that represent the weapon used by the valiant natives for the defense of the local resources and of the soil of the Amazonian region.
In the lower part is shown a beautiful panorama of Amazonian basin with a mountain background representing the eastern cordillera that separates us from the sierra and where several rivers watering the area have their source. The river represents river Napo, which waters most Amazonian basin and is the main tributary of river Amazon. The boat represents river transport, commerce and progress.
In the lateral left side is shown an Amazonian woman prepared to fight, as a symbol of the heroic defense of the place. The cornucopia includes the diversity of fruits found in the region. It also represents cattle-breeding, since Amazonian basin is an area of progress to develop that kind of resources.
In the lateral right side is shown an oil derrick, a tank and an pipeline, highlighting that Francisco de Orellana is the center of operations for the oil companies exploring the resources of Ecuador.
In the upper part are an open book and a quill representing development and spread of knowledge in the whole region. There is also a flaming torch recalling that studying is the guide to achievement.
On the flanks, in the upper parts of the flags are an anchor and a rifle, representing the Navy and the Army, recalling that the arms forces protect the resources of Ecuador and defend the homeland.
The shield is surmounted by a Spanish helmet symbolizing the great explorer Francisco de Orellana, an example of tenacity and constancy.
Canton website
Ivan Sache
, 17 September 2018


image by Jens Pattke, 28 September 2008