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Villagonzalo (Municipality, Extremadura, Spain)

Last modified: 2020-10-31 by ivan sache
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Flag of Villagonzalo - Image by Ivan Sache, 17 March 2020

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Presentation of Villagonzalo

The municipality of Villagonzalo (1,234 inhabitants in 2019; 4,080 ha; municipal website) is located 80 km east of Badajoz and 20 km south-east of Mérida.

Villagonzalo was established in the 14th century by Gonzalo Mexía, Master of the Order of Saint James and incorporated to the Commandery of Alange.
Villagonzalo was granted the status of villa in 2588 by Philip II.

Ivan Sache, 17 March 2020

Flag of Villagonzalo

The flag (photo) and arms of Villagonzalo, adopted on 13 June 1996 and 27 February 1997 by the Municipal Council and validated on 13 December 1996 and 17 February 1998 by the Assessing Council of Honors and Distinctions of the Government of Extremadura, are prescribed by an Order issued on 10 March 1998 by the Government of Extremadura and published on 16 April 1998 in the official gazette of Extremadura, No. 42, pp. 2,813-2,814 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular, in proportions 2:3. Three blue horizontal stripes on a yellow background. Charged in the center with the municipal coat of arms in full colors.
Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Or three fesses azure, 2. Gules a parish church or. Grafted in base argent a Cross of Saint James gules on waves azure. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The symbols are supported by a memoir written in May 1996 by José María Iglesias Mateo and Antonio Javier Ortiz Calderón.
The flag uses the design of the first quarter of the municipal arms as background. It was also decided not to use the colors of the flag of Extremadura to prevent confusion.

The first quarter features the arms of Gonzalo Mexía, founder of the town, as claimed by Ortiz de Tovar (Los partidos triunfantes de la Beturia Túrdula) and Moreno de Vargas (Gran Enciclopedia de Extremadura).
The second quarter features the parish church dedicated to Our Lady of the Purest Conception, built in the 16th century, significantly modified in the 18th century, and nearly totally rebuilt after the Civil War.
In base, the waves represent the watercourses that border and water the municipal territory: river Guadiana and the Knight's Brook and Saint John's Brook. The Cross of Saint John recalls that Villagonzalo belonged to the Order.

Ivan Sache, 17 March 2020