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Castrillo del Val (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2019-01-13 by ivan sache
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Flag of Castrillo del Val - Image by Ivan Sache, 27 January 2011

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Presentation of Castrillo del Val

The municipality of Castrillo del Val (721 inhabitants in 2009; 2,254 ha; municipal website) is located 10 km east of Burgos. The municipality is made of the villages of Castrillo del Val (capital), El Priorato and San Pedro de Cardeña.

The San Pedro de Cardeña monastery, of probable Visigothic origin, was mentioned for the first time at the end of the 9th century; the tradition says that some 200 monks were then martyred by the Muslims. According to Cantar de Mio Cid (the oldest preserved Spanish epic poet, 1195/1207), the Cid Campeador (1043-1099), when banned in 1081 by King Alfonso VI, placed his wife Jimena and his two daughters, Cristina and María, under the protection of the monastery, then ruled by abbot Sisebuto. The remains of the Cid and his wife were transferred from Burgos to the monastery; after the suppression of the monastery in 1836, the remains were transferred to the Town Hall of Burgos, and eventually, in 1921, to the Cathedral of Burgos. A monolith erected close to the monastery is said to mark the tomb of Babieca, the Cid's warhorse.
In the 11th-12th centuries, the monastery's scriptorium (copying workshop) was a main center of culture; the subsequent decline of the monastery was stopped in the early 16th century, when the monastery was ran by the St. Benedict Congregation of Valladolid. The monastery belongs today to the Cistercian Order.

Ivan Sache, 27 January 2011

Symbols of Castrillo del Val

The flag and arms of Castrillo del Val (municipal website) are prescribed by a Decree adopted on 25 April 2002 by the Municipal Council, signed on 23 May 2002 by the Mayor, and published on 19 Junz 2002 in the official gazette of Castilla y León, No. 117, p. 8,194 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Quadrangular or 1:1, vert (green) charged with two horizontal stripes of 0.2 [the flag's hoist], gules or red and azure. In the middle of the flag is placed the municipal coat of arms.
Coat of arms: Per pale, in chief gules two towers or two swords of the same per saltire, 1. Vert a six-stepped calvary with a towered engraved column, capital and cross all argent, 2. Azure a bush of three thistles vert fimbriated or ensigned with St. Peter's keys with tiara and mitres, grafted in base argent a wave azure. The shield surmounted with a Royal crown closed.

The chief recalls the castle (castrillo) that must have given the name of the village. The thistles (cardos), for "Cardeña". make the arms canting. St. Peter's attributes recall the San Pedro monastery.
Before 2000 (indeed 2002), the municipal coat of arms was "Argent a six-stepped calvary with a towered engraved column, capital and cross all or".

Ivan Sache, 27 January 2011