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Zarza de Montánchez (Municipality, Extremadura, Spain)

Last modified: 2020-11-14 by ivan sache
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Flag of Zarza de Montánchez - Image by Ivan Sache, 23 March 2020

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Presentation of Zarza de Montánchez

The municipality of Zarza de Montánchez (571 inhabitants in 2019 vs. 2,046 in 1950; 3,682 ha; municipal webite) is located 40 km south-east of Cáceres.
Zarza de Montánchez was established by Rodrigo Íñiguez, who was appointed Master of the Order of Saint James in 1236 in Mérida. The village belonged to the Commandery of Montánchez.

Ivan Sache, 23 March 2020

Flag of Zarza de Montánchez

The flag and arms of Zarza de Montánchez, adopted on 15 April and 6 November 1992 by the Municipal Council and validated on 20 October and 24 November 1992 by the Assessing Council of Honors and Distinctions of the Government of Extremadura, are prescribed by an Order issued on 25 November 1992 by the Government of Extremadura and published on 15 December 1992 in the official gazette of Extremadura, No. 97, p. 2,730 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular, in proportions 2:3. Composed of two vertical stripes, in respective proportions 1:3 and 2:3, green at hoist and white at fly. Charged in the fly with the municipal coat of arms in full colors.
Coat of arms: Per fess, 1a. Vert a bramble [zarza] or, 1b. Argent a Cross of Saint James gules, 2. Or a holly oak vert fructed or. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The first quarter makes the arms canting, while the second quarter represents the former rulers of the town.
The lower quarter features Zarza's pride, the Terrona holly oak. Proclaimed a "Singular Tree of Extremadura" in 2001, the tree is c. 800 years old, therefore Spain's oldest holly oak in Spain and, possibly, world's. Daniel Patón, Professor of Ecology at the University of Extremadura, believes that the tree is indeed more than 1,100 years old.
The tree is 16.4 m in height, 27 m in canopy diameter, and 7.70 m in trunk circumference. Its trunk provides shelter for oves, rabbits and wild boars.
[Hoy, 23 July 2018]

Ivan Sache, 23 March 2020