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Huesa (Municipality, Andalusia, Spain)

Last modified: 2017-02-11 by ivan sache
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Flag of Huesa - Image from the Símbolos de Jaén website, 20 January 2017

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Presentation of Huesa

The municipality of Huesa (2,553 inhabitants in 2014; 13,843 ha; municipal website) is located in the basin of river Guadiana Menor, 100 km south-west of Jaén. The municipality is made of the town of Huesa and of the villages of Ceal, El Cerrillo, and Cortijo Nuevo.

Huesa was settled by the Iberians, who established in the 4th century BC the oppidum (fortified camp) off Castellones de Ceal. At the time, the area was a significant connection between Granada and the upper valley of Guadalquivir, used by traders, especially of Greek pottery.
During the Muslim period, Huesa, Tiscar and Belerda formed a single domain. The historian reported that the three towns were destroyed in the 11th century by Emir Abdallah. Resettled, they remained the last Muslim enclaves in the mountains, ruled by Muhammad Handon until the reconquest in 1231 of Quesada and Cazorla by Bishop Ximénez de Rada. The three towns were eventually transferred in 1331 to the Council of Úbeda by King Alfonsos XI.
Huesa was reconquerred once again in 1436 by Iñigo López de Mendoza, Marquis of Santillana, and, eventually, in 1455 by Francisco de la Cueva, made Count of Huesa by Henry IV.
Huesa separated from Quesada to form an independent municipality in 1847.

Ivan Sache, 19 January 2017

Symbols of Huesa

The flag (photo, photo) and arms of Huesa, adopted on 13 July 2016 by the Municipal Council and submitted on 12 August 2016 to the Directorate General of the Local Administration, are prescribed by a Resolution adapted on 18 August 2016 by the Directorate General of the Local Administration and published on 8 September 2016 in the official gazette of Andalusia, No. 173, p. 161 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Panel in proportions 2/3. Quarterly, 1. and 4. Red, 2. and 3. White. Charged in the center with the coat of arms of the place.
Coat of arms: On the shield, a mountain proper with a river azure flowing beneath it, on which float two Muslim's heads proper, surmounted by a crescent argent reverted to the chief, surmounted by a Latin cross. A bordure gules in chief and base. On a background gules the anagram "POLITICAM ETERNAM" in letters sable, the flanks each charged with four pieces featuring in turn the Royal arms of Castile and León, "Gules a castle or a lion rampant". The shield surmounted by an Infante's crown.

The symbols were designed by Angel Padilla, Mayor of Huesa. In 2007, Padilla, then Councillor for Environment, Culture and Security, pointed out in 2007 that Huesa used five different versions of the coat of arms. In 2015, Padilla noticed that the registration process had not been completed since the registration tax had not been paid.

The flag is based on the banner of the patron saint, St. Silvester.
The coat of arms is a "simple and clear" representation of the battle of Linuesa, fought in 1361. The cross over the crescent and the Moor's heads symbolize the Christian victory over the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada.
[Diario Jaén, 8 August 2016]

Ivan Sache, 19 January 2017

Banner of St. Silvester


Banner of St. Silvester - Image by Ivan Sache, 20 January 2017

The banner of St. Silvester is a square flag, quartered red and white. During the town's festival, celebrated on 31 December, the banner is carried and "dances" by the "abanderado" (video)

Ivan Sache, 19 January 2017