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Vitigudino (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2015-01-17 by ivan sache
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Presentation of Vitigudino

The municipality of Vitigudino (2,866 inhabitants in 2012; 5,233 ha) is located in the northwest of the Salamanca Province, 70 km from Salamanca. The municipality is made of the town of Vitigudino and of the village of Majuges (55 inh.).

Ivan Sache, 8 March 2014

Symbols of Vitigudino

The flag of Vitigudino (photo, photo, photo) is purple with the municipal coat of arms in the middle.

The coat of arms of Vitigudino shown on the flag (image) is "Gules a feather and a sword argent per saltire ensigned by a St. Anthony's cross of the same. The shield placed on a cartouche or and surmounted by a coronet of the same. Beneath the shield two branches vert".
According to Wikipedia (no source quoted), the arms were adopted in 1870. The cross recalls the battle fought near Vitigudino on 17 January 1477, St. Anthony's Day, during the Castilian Civil War. The feather and the sword represent the two most famous children of Vitigudino, Nicolás de Rivera "El Mozo" and Francisco Ramos del Manzano, respectively.
Nicolás de Rivera "El Mozo" came to Peru in 1534-1536 with Francisco Pizarre, who appointed him encomendero of Maranga, Huatica and Vegueta, and regidor of Lima (22 January 1535).
Francisco Ramos del Manzano (1604-1683) studied and then taught Law at the Salamanca University. He was appointed Senator of Milan, Regent of the Italy Council, Councillor of Castile and Ambassador Plenipotentiary at the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659). Queen Mother Mariana of Austria appointed him on 24 May 1667 Private Tutor of King Charles II, then aged 6, preferring Ramos del Manzano to various, ambitious, Grandees of Spain and nobles of higher rank. Charles II granted him the title of 1st Count of Francos in 1678.

The municipality currently uses a coat of arms of the same design, but with the field azure (municipal website).
The coat of arms of Vitigudino is shown on the 4th quarter of the coat of arms of Salamanca Province, here argent with the feather gules, the sword or, and the cross azure.

Ivan Sache, 8 March 2014