This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Arcicóllar (Municipality, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain)

Last modified: 2020-03-28 by ivan sache
Keywords: arcicóllar |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors


Flag of Arcicóllar - Image by "Asqueladd", Wikimedia Commons, 8 September 2019

See also:

Presentation of Arcicóllar

The municipality of Arcicóllar (829 inhabitants in 2018; 3,055 ha; municipal website) is located 30 km north of Toledo.

Arcicóllar was first mentioned in 1142, as Archicolla, in a donation made by Raimond, Archbishop of Toledo. Alonso and Pedro de Villaseca, the town's benefactors, restored in the 16th century the Nuestra Señora de la Asunción church, including the Chapel of the Annunciation, which was blessed in 1574. One of the most accomplished examples of the Toledo Renaissance, the chapel was dedicated to the benefactors' parents, Teresa Gutiérrez de Turanzo and Andrés de Villaseca. Alonso de Villaseca emigrated in 1540 to New Spain; García Izcalbaceta named it "a Mexican Cresus of the 16th century". The church was registered in 1982 as an Historical and Artistic Monument of National Significance.
Arcicóllar was transferred in 1694 to the Dávalos, following the death of Pedro de Villaseca y Barrantes, María Teresa Dávalos' husband, without heirs. In the early 19th century, the lord of Arcicóllar was Pedro "the General" Dávalos (d. 1829), a hero of the War of Independence, awarded the Crosses of the battles of Talavera, Chiclana and Madrid.

The Marquisate of Arcicóllar was erected on 13 May 1680 for Luisa Fernández de Córdoba. María Leonor Dávila y Zúñiga, 3rd Marchioness of Arcicóllar, married José Francisco Sarmiento y Velasco, which resulted in the unification of the Marquisate with the County of Salvatierra. In 1730, Pedro Artla married Marchioness María Cayetana Sarmiento de Zúñiga, which reulsted in the incorporation of Arcicóllar to the Marquisate of Santa Cruz. Joaquina María del Pilar Téllez-Girón, who married the Marquis of Arcicóllar, was protrayed twice by Francisco Goya; first, in 1788, as the girl left of the mother in Los Duques de Osuna y sus hijos (The Dukes of Osuna and their children) and second, in 1805, in La Marquesa de Santa Cruz (The Marchioness of Santa Cruz). The title was rehabilitated in 1984 for Casilda de Silva y Fernández de Henestrosa, 5th Duchess of San Carlos and 14th Marchioness of Santa Cruz. Rafael Fernández Villaverde y Silva was erected Marquess of Arcicóllar on 17 July 1985.

Ivan Sache, 8 September 2019

Symbols of Arcicóllar

The flag of Arcicóllar is prescribed by an Order issued on 6 February 2006 by the Government of Castilla-La Mancha and published on 24 February 2006 in the official gazette of Castilla-La Mancha, No. 42, p. 4,447 (text).
The flag is described as follows:

Flag: Rectangular panel in proportions 2:3. White with a blue cross througout, in width 1/5 of the panel's width. Charged in the center with the municipal coat of arms in full colors.

The coat of arms of Arcicóllar is prescribed by an Order issued on 29 September 1993 by the Government of Castilla-La Mancha and published on 15 October 1993 in the official gazette of Castilla-La Mancha, No. 74, p. 5,435 (text).
The coat of arms is described as follows:

Coat of arms: Per pale, 1. Blue a vase of lilies argent surmounted by an ecclesiastic hat or, 2. Argent a stork azure with beak and feet gules a bordure ermine. The shield surmounted by a Royal Spanish crown.

The Royal Academy of History validated the proposed symbols, provided some corrections are made to the coat of arms. The coat of arms is said to have been used, without official approval, since 1992. No explanation is provided on its meaning. The first quarter features the Marian symbol beneath an ecclesiastic hat, probabaly thr symbol of a church domain. The representation of the hat has to be corrected, adding the required tassels; better, this charge can be suppressed because of its inadequacy in a field. The second quarter features a bird, described as a stork; its graphic representation, however, matches the crane "vigilant" usually represented in European heraldry, but without the stone supporting it and the raised leg. Since the origin of the charges is not given, the bird speices cannoit be adequatly identified.
[Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia 203:1, 122. 2006]

Ivan Sache, 8 September 2019