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Sociedad Española de Salvamento de Náufragos (Spain)

Last modified: 2018-03-18 by ivan sache
Keywords: sociedad española de salvamento de náufragos |
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Flag of the SESN - Image by Željko Heimer, 29 August 2017

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Presentation of the SESN

The Sociedad Española de Salvamento de Náufragos was established in Madrid on 19 December 1880, patronized by Queen Maria Christina and protected by Infante Maria Isabella. The establishment of the society had been proposed a few months earlier by the geographer and cartographer Martín Ferreiro y Peralta (1830-1896) (Martín Ferreiro y Peralta. 1880. Memoria sobre el salvamento marítimo : conveniencia de establecer una Sociedad Española de Salvamento de Náufragos).

The Law of 12 January 1887 proclaimed the society as a beneficial association; its material was exempted of tax while the society was equipped with boats supplied by the Navy.
The Royal Order of 19 May 1911 prescribed the building of first-aid posts in the most dangerous coastal places. In 1930, the society owned 39 stations equipped with 81 grapnel- or rope-throwing devices, 40 towing boats and another 16 motor boats.
The society published a bulletin providing recommendations to sailors and listing all the rescue operations and awarded medals (18 golden, 996 silver and 2,377 bronze medals).

In 1960, Spain ratified the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). The reorganization of sea rescue resulted in the establishment of Cruz Roja del Mar (Red Cross at Sea) in 1971. On 22 February 1972, the Sociedad Española de Salvamento de Náufragos merged into the Cruz Roja del Mar.
[Manuel Quero Oliván. 2014. La Sociedad Española de Salvamento de Náufragos Aljaranda, 47, 28-35]

Ivan Sache, 13 December 2017

Flag of the SESN

The flag of the SESN, adopted on 29 June 1884, was white with a red fouled anchor topped with a red five-pointed star with rays from it.
[Günter Mattern. Flags of National Life-Boat Societies]

Željko Heimer, 29 August 2017