Last modified: 2023-09-30 by olivier touzeau
Keywords: finistere | plouenan | ermine |
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Flag of Plouénan - Image by Olivier Touzeau, 16 December 2021
Plouénan (Breton, Plouenan; 2,539 inhabitants in 2020; 3,064 ha) is a commune in the department of Finistère.
Plouénan presents a very dispersed rural habitat. Several fairly large hamlets exist in Plouénan, including: Kerlaudy, 1.5 km north-east, towards Carantec; Pont-Éon and Lopreden, to the south-east, towards the small port of Penzé, under the jurisdiction of three municipalities of Taulé, Guiclan and Plouénan; Penzé, straddling the municipalities of Plouénan, Taulé and Guiclan.
Plouénan was reportedly established in the 6th century, as a parish ("plou"), by St. Menoen / Benoen (Latin equivalent, Benegnus / Benignus). Mentioned for the first time in 884, as Plebs Lapidea, in the Vita of St. Pol-Aurélien, and, subsequently, as Plebs Menoen (c. 1150), Ploebenon (1277), Plouenouven (1279), Ploe Benoan (c. 1330), Plebevenan (405), Ploebenan (1467), Ploemenan (1453), Ploemenan (1481), and Plouenenan (16th century), the parish originally covered a big territory, including Saint-Pol-de-Léon (with seven vicariates), Santec and Roscoff.
Source : InfoBretagne.
Olivier Touzeau & Ivan Sache, 16 December 2021
The arms of Plouénan are blazoned: Quarterly 1. Argent a chevron Gules between three cinquefoils of the same 2. Ermine three chevrons Gules 3. Argent an inescutcheon Azure between six annulets Gules in orle 4. Vairy Or and Gules.
The motto, Poaniañ evit padaout means “Endure to last”.
The arms are derived from an armored panel placed on the facade of the Notre-Dame de Kerellon chapel (15th-17th century, restored in 1897 by Ernest Le Guerranic, also the architect of the parish church dedicated to St. Peter), located south-west of the village of Plouénan along the ancient road heading to Saint-Pol-de-Léon.
The arms feature the arms of local noble families. Source: Yves-Pascal Castel & Joël Lubin. Plouénan - Chapelle de Kerellon, from patrimoine.du-finistere.org
Ivan Sache, 17 December 2021
The flag is white with the emblem (coat of arms with the name of the commune and the motto) - photo, 2013; photo, 2021.
Olivier Touzeau, 16 December 2021