Last modified: 2021-04-10 by ivan sache
Keywords: vendenheim |
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Flag of Vendenheim - Image by Olivier Touzeau, 11 October 2020
The municipality of Vendenheim (5,817 inhabitants in 2018; 1,589 ha) is located 15 km north of Strasbourg.
Vendenheim was first mentioned in 828 as Fedinheim, therefore the name of Fédinois·es given to its inhabitants. Vendenheim morphed in the 20th century into a peri-urban area. Intensification of settlement and urbanization dramatically increased in the 1980s.
A Merovingian necropolis, used from the early 6th to the late 7th century, was excavated in Vendenheim in August-November 2011. Seventy-three tombs were found, 40% having been plundered. Tomb plundering was common in the Merovingian times, but the detailed study performed in Vendenheim provides new insight on the modus operandi of plunderers.
[F. Chenal &: H. Barrand Emam. 2014. Nouvelles données concernant le pillage des sépultures mérovingiennes en Alsace : mise en évidence de stries et d'entailles sur les restes osseux provenant des sépultures pillées de l'ensemble funéraire de Vendenheim (Alsace, Bas-Rhin). Revue Archéologique de l'Est 63, 489-500]
Ivan Sache, 13 October 2020
The flag of Vendenheim (photo,
photo) is white with the municipal arms, "Per fess, 1. Gules a bend cotised fleury argent, 2. Argent a crescent gules".
The upper foield shows the arms of Lower-Alsace / department of Bas-Rhin. In the lower field, the crescent comes from the arms of the Wurmser lineage, lords of Vendenheim from 1456 to 1789.
The arms of the "community of the inhabitants of the village of Vendenheim" are shown in the Armorial Général as "Per pale, 1. Azure three bends or, 2. Argent a crescent gules" (image).
The arms of different members of the "Wourmsser de Vendenheim" family are shown in the Armorial Général as "Per fess, 1. Azure two crescents argent in fess, 2. Or" (image, image).
Count Dagobert Wurmser von Vendenheim (1724-1797) served the king of France during the Seven Years' War (1756-1763). Then serving the Habsburg, he was promoted to the rank of Major General in 1763; ten years later, he was appointed commander of a Hussar regiment and promoted to the rank of Field Marshal. During the War of the Bavarian Succession (1778-1779), he defeated the Prussians near Habelschwerdt and captured Major General Adolph, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld. In the aftermath of the Treaty of Teschen, Wurmser was named Military Governor of Galicia and promoted Cavalry General in 1787. Commander in chief of the Austrian Armies of the Rhine, he defeated in 1793 the French revolutionaries in Rohrbach, Germersheim and Essingen, stopping the advance of the French troops to besieged Mainz. Heading to Alsace, he broke the Lauterbourg and Wissembourg lines but was eventually defeated in the second battle of Wissembourg, being forced to withdraw beyond the Rhine. Sacked in January 1794, he was reinstated in August 1795; on 18 October, he defeated the French close to Mannheim and seized the fortress on 22 November.
Appointed Commander in Chief of the Austrian Armies in Italy in June 1796, Wurmser forced the French to lift the siege of Mantova. Defeated in Castiglione on 5 August, he surrendered on 2 February 1797 to Napoleon Bonaparte, who granted him the honors of the war. Named Commander General in Hungary, he died before having taken his office.
[Autriche-Matin, 7 May 2020]
Olivier Touzeau & Ivan Sache, 13 October 2020