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Senj (Municipality, Lika-Senj County, Croatia)

Last modified: 2024-04-05 by rob raeside
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[Municipality flag] image by Željko Heimer, 5 December 2015

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Flag of Senj

The flag of Senj (photos, photos) is in proportions 1:2, horizontally divided red-blue-green with the coat of arms in the middle.
The colors of the flag are taken from the coat of arms.

The symbols in use (municipal website) are not compliant with the general rules set up by the Ministry of Administration regarding the local symbols, but it may be that since those were adopted quite early (1993?), they were allowed to stay.

Željko Heimer & Marko Vitez, 5 December 2015

Coat of arms of Senj

[Municipality coat of arms] image by Željko Heimer, 5 December 2015

The coat of arms (image) pictures the patron saint of Senj, St. George, killing the dragon. In the background there is the silhouette of the Fort Nehaj, made in such way as to associate to the Croatian coat of arms. The coat of arms is encircled in an ornament including floral and naval elements

On the flag, the coat of arms has no ornamental outline around the shield and does not include black shadings along the edges of the blue field of the shield.

Željko Heimer & Marko Vitez, 5 December 2015

Historical flag of Senj (14th century)

[Historical flag] image by Tomislav Todorović and Željko Heimer, 10 February 2024

In her monography Monumenta Cartographica Jugoslaviae II (Historical Institute, Narodna knjiga, Belgrade, 1979), Gordana Tomović compares different 16th century naval maps of the Balkan peninsula. She notices flags above some place names on a map preserved in the Paris National Library (Maps and Plans Department) made on parchment by Angelino Dulcert (1339) [drt39]:

The flag above Senj (Segna) is verticaly divided, left field is red with an eight-pointed star, and the right field is light yellow. Similiar heraldic elements could be seen on coats of arms of Dukes Frankopan from Senj and Krk, who ruled Senj from 1271 until 1469.

Ivan Sarajčić & Željko Heimer, 17 July 2002

[Historical flag] image by Tomislav Todorović and Željko Heimer, 10 February 2024

On the map of Guillem Soler (Guillelmus Soleri) [sgm85], which was created on Majorca c. 1385, and nowadays is kept in the National Library of France, Paris, the flag of Senj has a very oblong form, with the gold field much larger than the red one, and the star is white. This colour combination is actually the one which was described and depicted in Libro del conoscimiento de los reinos [f0f05].

[1] Wigal, Donald: Historic maritime maps used for historic exploration 1290-1699, Parkstone Press, New York, USA, 2000 ISBN 1-85995-750-1
[2] Gallica digital library - Map of Guillem Soler:;2
Tomislav Todorović, 10 February 2024

[Historical flag] image by Tomislav Todorović, 4 October 2006

The flag of Senj from the Catalan Atlas differs from the one from the map of Angelino Dulcert in replacing the star with a disc and yellow colour with gold. The shape is a square that extends into a short, wide tongue with concave top and bottom edges. The disc might have been the result either of the cartographer's inability to draw a very small star, or of his insufficient knowledge of the descriptions from Libro del conoscimiento de los reinos, as the flag of Senj is described there as being charged with the eight-pointed star; it is impossible to decide absolutely certainly nowadays, because the map contains many flags which are drawn according to the text, as well as those which considerably differ from their descriptions.

Tomislav Todorović, 4 October 2006