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Parma (Emilia-Romagna, Italy)

Cittá di Parma

Last modified: 2014-06-28 by rob raeside
Keywords: parma | cross | emilia-romagna |
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image by André Serranho and António Martins-Tuválkin, 5 September 2006  



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City Flag

I would like to know what the flag of the Italian city of Parma is. I saw a yellow flag with a blue cross today in Euronews, is this the Parma flag?
Pascal Vagnat, 7 January 1999

Above is Parma Flag.
André Serranho, 8 March 2001


The Gonfalone


image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 5 September 2006  

From <www.araldicacivica.it>:
"Drappo di tessuto giallo-oro di un metro per due, col margine inferiore bifido, caricato della croce piana d'azzurro; completato con una lista azzurra-blu riportata e modamata caricata della divisa AUREA PARMA"."
See also image of the gonfalone at <www.araldicacivica.it> and photo at <www.gruppoalpiniprato.it>.
Eli Gutterman, 23 October 2005 and 18 March 2006


Coat of Arms


image by André Serranho

See also: <www.araldicacivica.it>


Historical Flags

Duchy of Parma-Piacenza (1545-1731)


image by Jaume Olle, 13 January 2002

I loacted the flag od the Duchy at <utenti.tripod.it/ducaweb/itinerari.htm>.
Jarig Bakker, 9 January 2002

Note that Parma has another one at <http://utenti.tripod.it/ducaweb/parma.htm> which resembles the 1851-1859 National Flag with differnces in colours.
Dov Gutterman, 9 January 2002

This flag is the flag of duchy of Parma-Piacenza dated 1545 to 1731. Some weeks ago it was published in Flag Report issue 24, article signed by Mateo Coloane, and came from a book of Gilberto Oneto.
Jaume Olle, 13 January 2002

Pre-1847 Flag


image by Jaume Olle, 25 October 1998

The first flag of Parma was blue with lys and was in use until 1731. Between 1731 to 1735 the same flag that in 1735 was transfered to Two Sicilies was used . I have an image, perhaps from 1735, and the shield seems to be near the hoist. Between 1735 to 1748 Austria flag was used.Between 1748 to 1802 the white flag with shield was for the first time in use. The shield was now centered. In 1802 Parma was annexed to France and french flag was in use .In 1814 the red and white vertical flag was adopted. Supresed 1847. This is the merchant flag that was used until at least until 1847
Jaume Olle, 25 October 1998

From 1731 to 1801 the duchy was ruled by the Bourbons, so their standards were used
Mario Fabretto, 8 june 1997


1848 Flag


image by Jaume Olle, 27 October 1998

From 1847 to 1848 was used in Parma flag yellow over light blue. From 1848 to 1849 the italian tricolor was in use
After the revolution was used the old flag red and white vertical, and also a white flag with shield (image drawed from Vexilla Italica 1997-2, no detail of the shield are availables). Used until 1851.
Jaume Olle, 27 October 1998


1851-1859 National Flag


image by Jaume Olle, 27 October 1998

On 15 August 1851 the white flag with shield was adopted as royal standard.
Between 1851 and 1859 new national flag was in use
Jaume Olle, 27 October 1998

White with arms adopted in 1851: a reliable design of the arms is not available
Mario Fabretto, 8 june 1997


1851-1859 Merchant Flag


image by Jaume Olle, 27 October 1998

1851-59 merchant flag
Jaume Olle, 27 October 1998


Football Fan Flags


image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 5 September 2006  

At UEFA cup match between Hapoel Tel-Aviv (Israel) and Parma (Hapoel wins 2:1), Parma fas used the city flag (blue cross on yellow) and and also black cross on yellow (1+2 qtrs.) and blue (3+4 qtrs.).
Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2002