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image located by George
9 April 2011
the free encyclopedia:
Rose Island was a short-lived micronation on a platform in the Adriatic Sea, seven miles off the coast of Rimini, Italy.
In 1964, Italian engineer Giorgio Rosa built the 400-meter-square platform, supported by nine strong pylons on the seabed. Reportedly, this platform eventually housed a restaurant, a bar, a night club, a souvenir shop, a post office, and perhaps a radio station.
The artificial island declared independence on 24 June 1968, under the Esperanto name "Insulo de la Rozoj". Stamps, currency, and a flag were produced.
The Italian government sent troops to crush the rebellion. Two carabinieri and two inspectors of finances landed on the "Isole delle Rose" and took over the just-born state. The platform's Council of Government sent a telegram to protest against the violation of its sovereignty, and the injury inflicted on local tourism by such a military occupation, but this was ignored. The island was destroyed by the Italian Navy.
Rose Island's flag was orange, with a white shield in the center bearing three red roses with green leaves and stems.
Gabriel Beecham, 8 April 2004
Having read the webpage at <www.imperial-collection.net>,
I very much doubt whether the micronation known as "Rose
Island" has ever even existed beyond imagination. I mean,
how could one engineer construct a platform on nine pylons, in
deep water eleven kilometres off the coast, without being stopped
by the Italian Navy in the first place?
Miles Li, 30 January 2005
But the Italian Navy stopped it. A bit too late, as apparently
the structure was already half erected and the seabed in that
spot is only a couple meters deep, that's why they chose that
location. There were also some stamps ("Cinderella"
stamps), with esperanto "country" name (Insulo de la
Rozoj, or Rozinsulo - I dont remember). The flag is new to me,
António Martins, 9 February 2005
Mr Rosa built the platform to establish there brothels and
casinos, outlawed in Italy.
Valerio Nisciroli, 15 August 2006
It should be added that Dr. Giorgio Rosa built this artificial
island 8 miles away from Rimini (in straight line) while Italy
(at that time) claimed only 3-mile wide stretch of territorial
waters as their own. The new country lasted 55 days since its
declaration of independence before it was blown-up by the Italian
Navy. It was only the second country, after Carthage, to be
totally wiped-out from the face of the Earth. Dr. Rosa argued
afterwards the stupidity of this action as the economy of the
Rimini region would benefit enormously from the tourist income,
simply because there was no hotel capacity on his island. And
there was nothing illegal planned for the island (well, maybe a
casino?). Esperantists from all over the world, from as far as
Lithuania, also lamented the demise of the new country, which
could be a significant tool to promote their beloved language.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 21 February 2008
This page offers additional information about the short-lived Esperantist
Republic of Rose Island, notably from a postal point of view:
http://www.cifr.it/forumarticolo1.html.. About half way down the page a
pennant is shown, apparently it was handed out to visitors by Mr Rosa.
It is an orange field, narrowly bordered white, in the centre the – rather small – coat of arms with the three roses (green stalks) in the white field, and vertically next to the hoist, in black letters, the name “L.T. INSULO DE LA ROZOJ”, no serifs.
Jan Mertens, 18 March 2011
image reported by Cai Zhenyuan
image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 21 February 2008
Esperanta Respubliko de la Insulo de la Rozoj - Repubblica
Esperantista dell'Isola delle Rose - The Esperantist Republic of
The Rose Island: The flag shown above and on Wikipedia, is
close, but not the real thing. It seems it was drawn by someone
for the <www.imperial-collection.net>
from the written description, with good intentions but wrong.
I have an image of the real emblem and the photo of the actual
pennant used on the island, from which I did reconstruct the
Chrystian Kretowicz, 21 February 2008
The rectangular Rose Island flag listed on the internet is an imaginative
rendering. I know, because I created it, based on a written description. I then
published it to the Wikipedia article about Rose Island - from whence it has
infected the internet. Unfortunately my rendering was based on a number of
incorrect assumptions. Rose Island's flag was in fact - as already noted - a
pennant. There is a black and white photograph of an original pennant in Fabio
Vacarezza's excellent article on Rose Island in the Cinderella Philatelist (UK)
magazine. The correct pennant design is shown here:
George Cruickshank, 9 April 2011