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Political Parties (Cambodia)

Last modified: 2019-08-06 by ian macdonald
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Cambodian National Rescue Party

Cambodian National Rescue Party image by Tomislav Todorovic, 2 January 2014
image derived from the image of the party logo from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cambodian_National_Rescue_Party_logo.jpg

Cambodian National Rescue Party (Khmer: Kanakpak Songkrous Cheat Kampuchea) was founded in 2012 by fusion of Sam Rainsy Party and Human Rights Party. Its president is Sam Rainsy, previously the president of Sam Rainsy Party, and the vice-president is Kem Sokha, previously the president of Human Rights Party. in the 2013 general election, the party won 55 seats out of 123 in the National Assembly, ranking the second after the victorious Cambodian People's Party, but did not accept the results, starting the protests, which are currently still under way, with the demands of re-election and the resignation of current Prime Minister Hun Sen.

Party flag is light blue, with large image of party logo in center. The logo is a dark blue square, charged with the image of rising sun, its disc color gradually changing from orange at the bottom to light yellow (almost white) at the top, and the party name inscribed in white in an arc beneath the sun disc.

Detail of emblem

Cambodian National Rescue Party image by Tomislav Todorovic, 2 January 2014
derived from the image of the party logo from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cambodian_National_Rescue_Party_logo.jpg

Sources:
[1] Cambodian National Rescue Party at Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambodian_National_Rescue_Party
[2] KI media website (in Khmer): http://ki-media.blogspot.com/2013/07/cnrp-sam-rainsy-tomorrow-tuesday-i-will.html
[3] CamNews website (in Khmer): http://www.camnews.org/2013/07/20
[4] Radio Free Asia website (in Khmer): http://www.rfa.org/khmer/news/politics/last-day-campaign-07262013031949.html
[5] Mekong Thmay website - a photo from a party rally: http://mekongthmay.com
[6] Mekong Thmay website - another photo from a party rally: http://mekongthmay.com

Tomislav Todorovic, 2 January 2014

 

Cambodia National Sustaining Party

[Cambodia National Sustaining Party flag] image by Dov Gutterman, 29 April 2003

From a photo at http://www.pensovann.com/pix/12142002a.jpg it seems that the party flag (folded at the right of the photo) is logo (as seen behind) on light blue.
Dov Gutterman, 29 April 2003


The CNSP was founded in January 1998 by Pen Sovvan. A former Prime Minister of the Communist government installed by Vietnam in 1979, Pen Sovvan was arrested in 1981 and jailed in Vietnam for the next 10 years (BBC World Service, 21 January 1998). The party did not won any seat in the 1998 national election and boycotted the 2003 election. In May 2006, the CNSP refused to merge with Sam Rainsy Party (SRP) (The Cambodia Daily, 23 May 2006).

In July 2007, Pen Sovvan announced his appointment to the Human Rights Party led by Kem Sokha (Le Petit Journal, 17 July 2007).
Ivan Sache, 19 July 2008


Cambodian People's Party

[Cambodia People's Party Flag] image by Eugene Ipavec, 13 January 2011

The light blue flag with the emblem of Buddha scattering rice ears in the center.
Nozomi Kariyasu, 30 December 2009

The Cambodian People's Party (CPP; in Khmer, Kanakpak Pracheachon Kampuchea, KPK) emerged in 1991 during the reconciliation process, as the follower of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party, which was the sole legal party in the country from 1981 to 1991 and claimed the heritage of the party of the same name secretly founded in 1951. The CPP has dropped the Marxist-Leninist orientation of its forerunner.

The CPP governs Cambodia in coalition with the Royalist party FUNCINPEC. The historic leader and strongman of the CPP is Hun Sen, currently the Vice-President of the party and the controversial Prime Minister of Cambodia since 1985. Hun Sen was imposed by Viet Nam after the overthrowing of the Red Khmers and has been reelected three times in a row since then, in an atmosphere of political violence and corruption. His main opponent, Sam Rainsy, was forced to exile in 2005-2006, until "pardoned" by the King at Hun Sen's request (mostly because of international pressure).

The flag of the CPP is light blue with the emblem of the party in the middle, as shown on photographs taken on 26 June 2008 during the election campaign in Phnom Penh.
Ivan Sache, 19 July 2008


Today's New York Times show a photo of supporters of the ruling prime minister's Hun Sen`s Cambodian People's Party showing them using light blue flags with the party logo. The party site gives the definition of the logo in its bylaws:

Article 2:

The shape of the Party's logo is oval with white background, having two bundles of golden grainy stalks of rice bent as buffalo horns and meeting at the end. The decorating strip rolls the lower side of the bundles in five circular levels; in the middle of the strip which bows across the lower part are engraved the white scriptures reading the Cambodian People's Party. The golden carving is to be used as the support; between the carving and the decorating strip there are golden gears. On the white background, an angel spreading flowers is located in the middle of the circle.

An image of the (intricate) logo can be seen at this location.
prometevsberg, 26 July 2008


Funcinpec Party

Current party flag
[Cambodia Customs Flag] image by Eugene Ipavec, 13 January 2011

The blue flag with the emblem of sunrays and temple tower in the center.
Nozomi Kariyasu, 30 December 2009

Pre-2006 Party flag
Funcinpec Party image by Eugene Ipavec, 2 October 2007

Pre-2006 Party flag: checked box
Funcinpec Party image by Eugene Ipavec, 2 October 2007

At viewimages.com, photos of a 2003 political rally can be seen, showing the then-flag of Cambodia's royalist party - blue with seal (also other party flags, with a checked election box and writing, golden-on-blue).

In October 2006, the party leader Prince Norodom Ranariddh quit, and a new logo (without his portrait) was adopted. I found a blog article showing a photo of the party's new "banner," as they called it - square and green with unusually large seal.

I don't know whether this means that green has replaced blue as the party color. Note that blue is the royal color of Cambodia, therefore natural for a monarchist party.
Eugene Ipavec, 2 October 2007


About the party:

Funcinpec supports and protects the constitutional monarchy. We respect the constitution of 1993 with the motto of the Nation Religion Monarch. We embrace the principles of democracy, freedom, multiple parties, and human rights. We continue to work in reconciliation with everyone in order to find eternal peace under the guidance of the King, Preah Bath Norodom Sihanouk.

Dov Gutterman, 10 March 1999


FUNCINPEC is the acronym of the name of the party in French, "Front Uni National pour un Cambodge Independant Neutre Pacifique et Cooperatif" (English translation: National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia). The party was founded in 1981 by former King Norodom Sihanouk. His eldest son, Prince Norodom Ranariddh, took the leadership of the party, which he transferred in October 2006 to Keo Puth Rasmey. The FUNCINPEC is currently ruling Cambodia, together with Hun Sen's CPP.

The flag with the green background is indeed the current party flag, as shown on a photography on the party website (called "logo" but seemingly a real flag), dated 18 October 2006.

Direct link to the image
Ivan Sache, 19 July 2008


Human Rights Party

Human Rights Party image by Tomislav Todorovic, 2 January 2014

Human Rights Party (Khmer: Kanakpak Sethi Manus) was founded in 2007 by Kem Sokha, president of the Cambodian Center for Human Rights. In the 2008 general election, party won 3 seats in the National Assembly, taking the third place behind the Cambodian People's Party and the Sam Rainsy Party. In 2012, Human Rights Party merged with the Sam Rainsy Party into the Cambodian National Rescue Party, Kem Sokha becoming the vice-president of new party.

Party flag was green, with a large white disc and the party name inscribed in white beneath it. Its design was also used as the party logo.

Sources:
[1] Wikipedia page about the Human Rights Party: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Rights_Party_%28Cambodia%29
[2] Wikipedia page about Kem Sokha: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kem_Sokha
[3] Radio France Internationale website in Khmer: http://www.khmer.rfi.fr
[4] Cambodia Express News website (in Khmer): http://cen.com.kh/localnews
[5] Human Rights Party website - Gallery of photos from Peam Ror district: http://www.hrpcambodia.info/khmer/Prey_Veng/SrokPeamRor.htm
[6] Human Rights Party website - Gallery of photos from Kanh Chreach district: http://www.hrpcambodia.info/khmer/Prey_Veng/SrokKanhChreach.htm
[7] Human Rights Party website - Gallery of photos from Kompong Leav district: http://www.hrpcambodia.info/khmer/Prey_Veng/SrokKompongLeav.htm
[8] Human Rights Party website - Gallery of photos from Preah Sdach district: http://www.hrpcambodia.info/khmer/Prey_Veng/SrokPreahSdach.htm
[9] Human Rights Party website - Gallery of photos from Prey Veng city: http://www.hrpcambodia.info/khmer/Prey_Veng/PreyVengOffice.htm
[10] Human Rights Party website - Gallery of photos from Kandal province: http://www.hrpcambodia.info/english/p_gallery/kandal20090824.php

Tomislav Todorovic, 2 January 2014


Khmer Neutral Party

[Khmer Neutral Party] image by Jorge Candeias

[close-up of the symbol] image by Jorge Candeias

As it seems from the flag-logo on http://www.datagraphic.fr/knp/Politique.htm, this party flag is the national colors and the party coat-of-arms in the center.

I guess the inscription is not on the actual flag.

The Coat of Arms in: http://www.datagraphic.fr/knp/Politique.htm
Dov Gutterman, 10 March 1999


Khmer Rouge Radical Faction

[Khmer Rouge Radical Fraction] image by Ivan Sache and Eugene Ipavec, 13 January 2011
Source: Smith, W. Flags through the ages and across the world (1976) [smi75c] - section "Symbols in politics".

Horizontal white over red with a star in the middle, red when on the white stripe and vice-versa, flanked by black sickle and hammer.
Ivan Sache, 06 August 1999


Khmer Unity Party

Khmer Unity Party flag image by Ivan Sache, 19 July 2008 using the emblem from the KUP website

The Khmer Unity Party (KUP) was founded on 23 October 1997 by Khieu Rada, a founding member of the Royalist party FUNCINCEP, as a "liberal, democratic and nationalistic party", to fight "the vietnamisation of Cambodia by Vietnam" (Official press release, 23 October 1997). The proclamation of the party took place at O'Smash, a town on the border with Thailand and symbol of the national resistance. The KUP is a breakaway from the Khmer National Party (KNP) led by Sam Rainsy, of which Khieu Rada was Secretary-General until the split and the formation of KUP (The Cambodia Daily, 27 June 1998). The KUP could not win any seat either in the 1998 or 2003 national election.

On 12 November 2007, Khieu Rada, together with several management members of the KUP, joined the FUNCINCEP.

The KUP website is located here.

The flag of KUP is light blue with the emblem of the party in the middle, as seen on photographs taken during the election campaign in July 2003.
Ivan Sache, 19 July 2008


Sam Rainsy Party

[Sam Rainsy Party flag] image by Eugene Ipavec, 21 May 2006

A political party in Cambodia. The flag seems to be the party logo--a blue circle with a white, lit candle and the party name below--on a light blue field. Website: http://www.samrainsyparty.org/.
Eugene Ipavec, 21 May 2006

Sam Rainsy Party (SRP) was founded by Sam Rainsy (b. 1949) in 1998, as the follower of the Khmer Nation Party, led by Rainsy from 1995 to 1998. A founding member of the FUNCINPEC, Rainsy is the leader of the national opposition and the main enemy of Prime Minister Hun Sen. Rainsy was forced to exile in 2005-2006, until "pardoned" by the King at Hun Sen's request (mostly because of international pressure).

Photographs taken during the 2008 election campaign confirm that the flag of SRP is light blue with the party emblem in the middle.

The proportions seems to be the proportions 2:3.
Ivan Sache, 19 July 2008

Party name in Khmer is: Kanakpak Sam Rainsy. In 2012, the party merged with the Human Rights Party into the Cambodian National Rescue Party, Sam Rainsy becoming the president of new party.

Source: Wikipedia page about the Sam Rainsy Party: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Rainsy_Party
Tomislav Todorovic, 2 January 2014


United People of Cambodia

About

The United People of Cambodia (in Khmer, Sangkhum Khmer Niyum, SKN) party was founded on 25 December 2002 by Sarath Oeurn (b. 1958, living in California since 1991). The main goal of the party is "to bring a new style of politics direct from California to the Cambodia arena", a goal clearly expressed in the party symbols. Based in Long Beach and without representatives anywhere in Cambodia, the party is funded purely by the Khmer community of California. The models of the party's founder are King Jayavarman VII and Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (South Eastern Globe, September 2007). One of the smallest parties in Cambodia, the SKN could not win any seat in the April 2007 municipal elections, in spite of contesting in 13 municipalities (The Cambodia Daily, 18 July 2007). The National Election Committee (NEC) rejected the application of the party for contesting the national election scheduled to 27 July 2008. Out of the 57 registered parties, only 12 have submitted their application, of which only the United People of Cambodia was turned down (VuthaNews, 21 May 2008).

The symbols of the party are presented and explained on the party website, together with photographies proving that the flags of the party and of the President of the party do exist.

Party Flag

United Peoples of Cambodia image by Eugene Ipavec, 13 January 2011

The flag of the party, designed by the party's founder, is horizontally divided in four red stripes alternating with three white stripes. The blue canton of the flag is charged with the Angkor Wat temple, surrounded by 21 stars forming a rectangle, all in white.

The symbol of the party is a blue circular seal featuring a yellow eagle bearing on her chest a shield reproducing the flag of the party. The eagle holds in her right claws a branch of laurel. and in her left claws seven red arrows. There is a scroll above the eagle's head, surmonted by a light blue disk charged with seven white stars. The eagle is surrounded by 21 white stars forming a ring. The rim of the seal is charged with the name of the party in white letters, both in Khmer (top) and English (capitalized, bottom).

Presidential flag

United Peoples of Cambodia Presidents flag image by Ivan Sache, 18 July 2008

The symbol of the President of the Party is similar in design to the symbol of the party, with some differences. The scroll and blue disk above the eagle's head are replaced by another, white scroll, seven yellow rays emerging from the eagle's neck, five white stars below five white disks above the eagle's head and another two white stars on the right of the eagle's head. The outer, blue border of the seal is bordered yellow and the writing, in blue capital letters, is SEAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED PEOPLE.

The flag of the President of the party is blue with the inner part of the symbol of the President (excluding the seal's border and lettering) in the middle.

Party Symbol Flag

United Peoples of Cambodia symbol flag image by Ivan Sache, 18 July 2008

There is even a third flag shown on photographs, featuring the inner part of the symbol of the party instead.

Symbols explanation

The symbols are explained as follows:

The 21 stars represent the provinces and Capitol of Cambodia. The seven stars on top of the eagle, as well at the seven arrows in its hand, the seven berries on the branch, the seven stripes on its shield, its seven feathers on its tail, and the seven colors contain in the icon represents all seven days of the week, in which everyone is born.

The arrows symbolizes the ability to defend the country, while the branch symbolizes the reconstruction of Cambodia.

Each of Angkor Wat's windows contain seven bars. God created the Heavens and the Earth in six days, and rested on the seventh. The number seven reoccurs many time in this 12th century temple.

Sources:

Ivan Sache, 18 July 2008