Last modified: 2019-10-28 by ivan sache
Keywords: political party | parliament |
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Flag of the Parliament, current and former versions - Images by Olivier Touzeau, 10 May 2007
The first flag of the Majlis, designed at the beginning of the 1980s, reflects
the strong Islamization drive of the ruling elite at that time. The white
disk is inscribed with a verse from the Koran in bold black Thuluth Arabic
lettering. This flag was a typical product of those years, when the Maldive
government was promoting Islam with vehemence and intensity.
The flag was changed when a new building was built for the Majlis in 1999. The new flag did away with the Arabic lettering.
[Maldives Royal Family website]
Olivier Touzeau, 10 May 2007
Members of Parliament's flag (reconstruction) - Image by Željko Heimer, 30 September 2002Crampton (1990) [cra90f] describes the flag of the Members of the Parliament as "a green pennant with a white crescent and star".
Željko Heimer, 30 September 2002
Flag of the Maldives Judiciary - Image by Ian MacDonald, 20 January 2019
The Maldives Judiciary has their own flag (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo).
Frezzer Learner, 14 January 2019
The Elections Commission (EC; website) of Maldives was established on 7 August 2008 as an independent and impartial institution to conduct and supervise all state elections and public referendums as well as to
monitor the regulatory framework pertaining to the functioning of
political parties. Under the Elections Commission Act (2008) 5 members
are appointed by the president for a 5 year term with approval by
People's Majlis (Parliament).
Prior to the establishment of the transitional Elections Commission on 6 September 2008 as stated in Article 276 of the 2008 Constitution of the Republic of Maldives, elections were formerly coordinated by the Commissioner of Elections office which had first functioned under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and later under the purview of the Presidentís Office. The then Commissioner of Elections, was appointed by the President. The Commissioner of Elections was answerable to the President only and could only be removed from office by the President.
The need for an independent Elections Commission was recognized during
2004 when a series of reforms were introduced to strengthen democracy in
the country. One of the key aspects of these reforms was to modernize
the electoral system, ensuring that elections were conducted in a free,
fair and transparent manner, and develop a functioning multi-party
system in the Maldives.
Subsequently, under the 2008 Constitution of the Republic of Maldives, the Elections Commission was established as an independent and impartial institution, that will function in accordance with the Constitution and laws enacted by the People's Majlis and the statue governing the responsibilities, powers and mandate of the Elections Commission.
The flag of the EC (photo, photo, photo, photo) is purple with the commission's emblem, counter-colored, surrounded by a ring with writing.
Former flag of the EC - Image by Ivan Sache, 5 August 2019
The former flag of the EC (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo), used until 2018, was white with the commission's former emblem.
Ivan Sache, 5 August 2019
The Parliament unanimously voted for the creation of a multiparty system on 2 June 2005. Prior to this ruling, political parties were not allowed under the Maldivian legal system.
The first registered parties were:
- the Maldivian People's Party (DRP)
- the Islamic Democratic Party (IDP)
- the Justice Party (AP)
- the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP)
The Elections Commission currently recognizes six registered parties:
- the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) - 21 June 2005;
- the Maldivian People's Party (DRP) - 21 July 2005;
- the Justice Party - 18 August 2005;
- the Republican Party - 3 August 2008;
- the Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM) - 17 October 2011:
- the Maldives Development Alliance (MDA) - 20 December 2012.
Olivier Touzeau & Ivan Sache, 5 August 2019