Last modified: 2016-05-08 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | empire (second) | maximilian | charlotte | carlota | empress | juárez (benito) | díaz (porfirio) | crown | eagle |
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On April 10th, 1865 Emperor Maximilian decided that the eagle
be set affronty and imperially crowned again.
Santiago Dotor, 29 Dec 1998, summarizing from http://dyred.sureste.com/club/6febrero/24feb.htm (website no longer in use)
During the period of the French-supported Mexican Empire of Maximilian
there were two national flags in use. The Mexican Republic of President
Juárez used the 1823 flag.
Emperor Maximilian government used a similar
flag, but with a crown over the eagle's head. An illustration (or two?) can
be seen in Whitney Smith's wonderful book, Flags Through the Ages and
Across the World
Jamie Woods, 26 Dec 1998
The Imperial standard of Archduke Maximilian of Austria, emperor of
Mexico from 1863 to 1867. The grand arms in the middle are like
those of imperial France. Which is no coincidence. Emperor
Napoleon III introduced Mexicans who looked for a European prince
tot Maximillian and sponsored the Mexican Empire. Maximillian and
his wife the Belgian princess Charlotte, were able and modern
administrators. Unfortunately the Mexicans didn't recognise this.
Maximillian was overthrown and murdered in 1867. Mexico fell
back in lethargy, banditism and corruption. (Source: The arms:
Siebmachers Wappenbuch; flag: painting of Maximillians departure
from Miramar at the Adriatic).
The Imperial Warflag shows only the small arms.
Theo van der Zalm, July 21, 2000.
The eagle is not Napoleonic, but is the eagle with snake on the cactus
which has always been the emblem of Mexico, differing from other forms by
having a blue field and being crowned. Maximillian, though militarily
dependent on Napoleon III, was anxious to establish his independence from
France and the Catholic church and wanted to symbolize his Mexican
Norman Martin, July 24, 2000.
The decree issued on November 1, 1865 describes the Imperial Arms as follows:
"(...) The Coat of Arms of the Empire is oval in shape in blue; in the center is depicted the eagle of Anahuac, in profile and passant, supported by a cactus, suported, in turn, by a rock sunk on water, and ripping a snake. The border is gold charged by a garland of encina and laurel. The crest it the Imperial Crown. As supporters, two griffin from our olders' arms, their upper hald in black and the lower in gold; behind the scepter and sword in saltire. The shield is surrounded by the collar of the Order of the "águila Mexicana", and the motto: "Equidad en la Justicia" (Equity on Justice) (...) [see detail]."
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, December 1, 2002.
It is also illustrated in Banderas y Escudos del Mundo
[alv86]. The illustrations are on
page 149 of [smi75c] and on page
22 of [alv86]. The apparent differences
between the present flag and the flag of Maxmilian's regime were that an imperial crown
(gold with red lining) appears above te image of an eagle grasping a rattlesnake, while
perched on a cactus; the eagle was shown as viewed head on, with wings
extended, rather than in profile; and there was no garland around the
image. To make the image appear centered with the addition of the crown
above, the eagle/snake/cactus was placed lower on the imperial flag than
it appears on today's flag.
Ned Smith, 26 Dec 1998
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, July 10, 2002
Based on [sdn79]
Maximilian was made Emperor in 1864 but flag wasn't changed quickly.
As far as I know only regulation for flags were issued in 1 November 1865:
National flag and merchant ensign: green, white, red vertical flag without
Nozomi Kariyasu, December 12, 1999.
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, December 1, 2002.
Anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page.