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Calabar (Nigeria)

Last modified: 2022-10-22 by bruce berry
Keywords: nigeria | obasanjo | calabar |
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image by Joseph Johnson, 03 Nov 2020 See also:


Cross River is a state in Nigeria which has three senatorial districts or three ethnic groups. This map shows the southern senatorial district also known as Greater Calabar or Calabar Metro.
The flag I sent (above) is the flag of the entire greater Calabar.  Calabar is an ancient and historic city-state with a very rich culture and history, it was one of the major slave trade ports in Africa. Calabar has a King known as Obong of Calabar. Calabar is more popular and better known than Cross River State of which it is a part of -  just as New York City is more popular and better known than New York State or just as Singapore was
once part of Malaysia but now a city-state. Calabar is considered a distinct city-state even though it's currently part of Cross River State and is the capital of Cross River.

Calabar is not a state yet but will probably become one in the next state creation exercise.
Joseph Johnson, 03 Nov 2020

Description of the Flag

The flag currently used in Calabar is divided horizontally, with the top half being divided into two vertical stripes of blue and white and the bottom horizontal stripe being red.
Joseph Johnson, 03 Nov 2020

image by António MARTINS-Tuválkin, 15 Apr 2017

Nations Without States (Minahan, 1996) [mnh96] has an entry on Calabar, a region in the extreme southeast of Nigeria. It describes the Calabari flag as a horizontal bicolour of red over green with a yellow cross over all (from the line drawing it is seen to be of the same shape as St. George's cross), and a star (colour not specified) in the upper hoist.
Ned Smith, 21 Feb 2001

My sources speak about a yellow star in the upper hoist canton. The symbolism of the flag is: the flag uses the Pan-African colours, the cross represents Christianity, the star represents the unity of the tribes in the Calabar region.
Dirk Schönberger, 05 Mar 2001

Minahan claims it as neither the flag of the city of New Calabar nor the city of Calabar - it is claimed to be the flag of an aspirant nation (as supposedly are all the flags in Minahan's book)- one whose aspirations cover an area in the Nigerian states of Cross River and Akwa Ibom.

As the symbol of an aspirant, separatist, nationalist movement, it is likely that the flag has no official recognition. Minahan specifically states that the region of Calabar has no official status.

Finally, as I warned when I started posting the material from Minahan, he does not cite his sources for most of his flag data, and sometimes it is difficult to assess the accuracy of that data.
Ned Smith, 16 Nov 2002