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Federal Democratic National Forum (Nepal)

Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch

Last modified: 2023-06-03 by zachary harden
Keywords: federal democratic national forum |
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[Maoist Communist Party] image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 1 February 2010

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The Party

Federal Democratic National Forum
संघीय लोकतान्त्रिक राष्ट्रिय मञ्च
Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch

The Federal National Democratic Forum is an umbrella organization of the Federal Limbuwan Autonomous State Council, Khumbuwan State, Tamagsaling Autonomus State Council, and United Tharu National Front including 13 other ethnic fronts. It is an ethnically-based group representing the Rai, Limbu, and Tamang communities that got registered as a political party in January 2008. The Forum advocates the abolition of monarchy, completely proportional elections based on ethnic lines, and the right to self-determination, as preconditions for the 2008 CA elections. The FDNF defines itself as an ethnically based democratic party. Most of the leaders of this party come from mixed ideological backgrounds like the Nepali Congress, UML, CPN-Maoist, and Janamukti Party.

The party has a rotating presidency from each front organization. Kamal Charahang from the Rai front has been replaced by D.K. Buddhist of the Tamangsaling Autonomous State Council as the President. Kumar Lingden serves as the General Secretary and Khagendra Mathing as its Secretary; the Central Committee comprises 21 members.

The party’s manifesto proposes a Presidium with five representatives from indigenous groups, Tarai, Dalits, Aryans as well as women who will elect the President; the President would be the head of the state of Nepal on rotation. There would be a directly elected Prime Minister with full executive authority to run the government. They party proposes 10 autonomous regions which include Limbuwan, Khumbuwan, Tamangsaling, Tharuhat, Magarat, Newa Khasan, Mithila, Bhojpur with the right to self-determination, similar to the Maoists, based along ethnic lines.

FDNF has won two seats in the Constituent Assembly. Full list of the CA members at:
Chrystian Kretowicz, 1 February 2010

The Flag

The flag of FDNF can be seen at It is divided vertically 1:2 red and white, with a large red star centred on the white square, surrounded by 13 small red stars.

Some members of FDNF are advocating the adoption of this flag as the new national flag of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 1 February 2010