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Peruvian Police

Policía Nacional del Perú

Last modified: 2018-11-17 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: dircote | anti-terrorism directorate | dove | scales | sun (rising) | direccion | policia nacional del peru |
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Overview

The Peruvian Police is organized into several directorates.
Esteban Rivera, 15 Feb 2006

The Policia Nacional del Perú, PNP (Peruvian National Police) was formed on December 6, 1988 through the merger of the Guardia Republicana del Perú (Peruvian Republican Guard, 1852-1988), the Guardia Civil del Perú (Peruvian Civil Guard, 1873-1988) and the Policía de Investigaciones del Perú (Peruvian Investigation Police, 1922-1988). The PNP is controlled by the Ministerio del Interior (Interior Ministry).
The PNP is currently organized into 25 Direcciones (Directorates), each one having its own flag:
- Dirección Antidrogas (DIRANDRO, Anti-narcotics Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección Contra el Terrorismo (DIRCOTE, Anti-Terrorism Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Investigación Criminal (DIRINCRI, Criminal Investigations Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Telemática (DIRTEL, Telematic Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Aviación Policial (DIRAVPOL, Police Aviation Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Seguridad (DIRSEG, Safety Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección contra la Corrupción (DIRCOCOR, Anti-Corruption Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Protección de Carreteras (DIRPRCAR, Road Protection Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Criminalística (DIRCRI, Criminalistics Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Seguridad de Fronteras (DIRSEGFRO, Border Security Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Turismo y Protección del Medio Ambiente (DIRTUPRAMB, Tourism and Environmental Protection Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Policía Fiscal (DIRPOFIS, Fiscal Police Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Operaciones Especiales (DIROES, Special Operations Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Educiación y Doctrina (DIREDUD, Education and Doctrine Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Comunicación e Imágen (DIRCIMA, Communication and Image Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Familia, Participación y Seguridad Ciudadana (DIRFAPASEC, Family, Participation and Civil Security Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Salud (DIRSAL, Health Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Economía y Finanzas (DIRECFIN, Economy and Finance Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Logística (DIRLOG, Logistics Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Bienestar (DIRBIE, Welfare Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Recuros Humanos (DIRREHUM, Human Resources Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Pensiones (DIRPEN, Pensions Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Seguridad Aeroportuaria (DIRSEAER, Airport Safety Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Inteligencia (DIRIN, Intelligence Directorate) (official website)
- Dirección de Seguridad de Penales (DIRSEPEN, Jail Security Directorate) (official website)
Sources: http://www.pnp.gob.pe/ and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Police_of_Peru

The flag is a black (or maybe dark green) horizontal flag, featuring the Coat of Arms in the middle, which displays the motto "Dios, Patria, Ley" (God, Fatherland, Law) and below the Coat of Arms reads DIRECCIÓN GENERAL in golden capital letters, as seen here.  (Source: http://www.generaccion.com/noticia/133208/oscar-valdes-nuevo-presidente-consejo-ministros). The Coat of Arms explanation can be found here.
For additional information go to: PNP (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 18 November 2012


Dircote - Anti-Terrorism Directorate

Dircote flag image by Eugene Ipavec, 15 Feb 2006

External links:

Presentation

DIRCOTE (Dirección Contral el Terrorismo, or Directorate Against Terrorism in English) is a Directorate within the Peruvian Police force in charge of fighting terrorism in that country. It emerged in 1983 as the result of government measures to stop increasing terrorist activities (mainly from guerrilla groups, but also form paramilitary groups as well). The first name was Dirección Regional Contra el Terrorismo, then it changed its name to Dirección Nacional Contra el Terrorismo (DINCOTE) and it is finally called Dirección Contra el Terrorismo, as it is known today.
Esteban Rivera, 15 Feb 2006

Description of the flag

The flag is the coat of arms on a black background, plus two Peruvian Coats of Arms (one on the right and one on the left, in golden outline), plus the word "DIRECCION" below the Peruvian Coats of Arms.
Esteban Rivera, 15 Feb 2006


Peruvian Republican Guard (Guardia Republicana del Perú)

Guardia Republicana del Perú, GRP (English: Peruvian Republican Guard)" traces its origins as far back as the Article 165 of the 1823 Constitution, sanctioned by the Congreso Constituyente (English: Constituent Congress) on November 12, which stated that "the land forces are: Army Line, Civic Militia and Police Guard. The Civic Militia will serve as safeguard of public security and the Police Guard will safeguard private security". Then, there was the establishment of the "Gendarmería" (English: Gendarmerie), by Decreto Supremo (English: Supreme Decree) on April 14, 1852, creating the first Battalions on April 7, 1856, as "Batallón de Gendarmería No. 1" and No. 2 (also known as "Regimiento de Gendarmes No. 1" and No. 2) (English: Gendarmerie Battalion No. 1 and 2, also known as "Gendarme Regiment No. 1" and No. 2). Its direct predecessor is Battalion No. 1, composed of Infantry and Cavalry forces, which was also known as "Batallón de Gendarmes de Infantería Nº 1" (English: Infantry Gendarme Batallion No. 1) and changed its name to Batallón de Gendarmes de Infantería "Guardia Republicana del Perú" No. 1 (English: "Infantry Gendarme Batallion 'Republican Guard' No. 1) on August 7, 1919. It later changed its name ca.1920-1930's to "Regimiento de Gendarmes de Infantería “Guardia Republicana del Perú” N° 1" (English: Infantry Gendarme Batallion 'Peruvian Republican Guard' No. 1).

The first attempt at merging the Republican Guard and the Civil Guard was in 1931, when they merged into the "2º Regimiento de Infantería del Cuerpo de Seguridad de la República" (English: 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Republic's Security Corp), later established on December 8, 1931 as "Guardia Republicana del Perú" (English: Peruvian Republican Guard). In 1932, they are separated again, and it gets back its flag and adopts its motto: "HONOR, LEALTAD, DISCIPLINA" (English: Honor, Loyalty, Discipline).

Through Ley Nº 8072 (Law No. 8072) of March 23, 1935, the Guard's role was expanded to patrolling the land frontiers, security of prisons, security of private and public places of national importance, and to assist in maintaining peace and order and national security as a whole, as well as contributing to the efforts of the Armed Forces during wartime.

By Ley Nº 24294 (Law No. 24294) of September 14, 1985, the whole reorganization of the existing Police forces is amended. The Republican Guard was amended through Decreto Legislativo 372 (English: Legislative Decree 372) of February 4, 1986 changed its name to “Policía de Seguridad” (English: Security Police) until 1991.

The GRP is currently part of the Police.
Sources: http://www.guardiarepublicana.com, https://es.wikipedia.org and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republican_Guard_(Peru)

Dircote flag image located by Esteban Rivera, 15 November 2017

Its flag is a horizontal dark blue flag, with the emblem (https://i.ytimg.com/vi/Nsjg71TiYEk/hqdefault.jpg) in the middle, and the motto, "HONOR, LEALTAD, DISCIPLINA" (English: Honor, Loyalty, Discipline) in golden capital letters, surrounded by a golden fringe.

Image cropped from the original image: http://adogenperu.org/actividades/banderas.jpg, source: http://adogenperu.org/actividades.html#actividad3).

For additional information go to Guardia Republicana del Perú (official website): http://www.guardiarepublicana.com
Esteban Rivera, 154 November 2017


Civil Guard (Guardia Civil)

The Guardia Civil (del Perú), GCP (more formally "Benemérita Guardia Civil del Perú, BGCP)" (English: (Peruvian) Civil Guard, more formally "Worthy Peruvian Civil Guard) traces its origins as far back as the Article 165 of the 1823 Constitution, sanctioned by the Congreso Constituyente (English: Constituent Congress) on November 12, which stated that "the land forces are: Army Line, Civic Militia and Police Guard. The Civic Militia will serve as safeguard of public security and the Police Guard will safeguard private security". The Civil Guard was formally established through Decreto Supremo (English: Supreme Decree) of December 31, 1873. On Article 14 it reads “La Fuerza Regular de Policía se divide en dos Clases: Guardia Civil y Gendarmería ” (la ultima a caballo y con labor de Policía Rural). (Article 14 of Chapter IV reads: "The Regular Police Force is divided into two classes: the Civil Guard and Gendarmerie (the latter on horseback and duties of Rural Police)"

The first attempt at merging the Republican Guard and the Civil Guard was in 1931, when they merged into the "2º Regimiento de Infantería del Cuerpo de Seguridad de la República" (English: 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Republic's Security Corp), later established on December 8, 1931 as "Guardia Republicana del Perú" (English: Peruvian Republican Guard).

On January 5, 1944 the "Cuerpo de la Guardia Civil" (English: Civil Guard Corp) and Cuerpo de Seguridad (English: "Security Corp") were merged into one single entity called "Guardia Civil" (English: Civil Guard).

Through Law No. 15605 of 1965 the Civil Guard is granted the title "Benemérita" (English: Worthy).

By Ley Nº 24294 (Law No. 24294) of September 14, 1985, the whole reorganization of the existing Police forces is amended. The Civil Guard was amended through Decreto Legislativo 373 (English: Legislative Decree 373) of February 4, 1986. The GCP is currently part of the Police.
Sources: http://www.guardiarepublicana.com, , https://es.wikipedia.org and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Guard_(Peru)

Dircote flag image located by Esteban Rivera, 15 November 2017

Its flag is a horizontal dark green flag, with the name of the organization on top, "BENEMÉRITA", below "GUARDIA CIVIL DEL PERÚ", below its coat of arms (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PERUCIVILGUARD-COATOFARMS.jpg) (approved by Resolución Ministerial (English: Ministry Resolution) of December 29, 1966.emblem) in the middle, and the motto, "EL HONOR ES SU DIVISA" (English: Honor is its emblem) below, all in golden capital letters, surrounded by a golden fringe.

Image cropped from the original image: http://adogenperu.org/actividades/banderas.jpg, source).

For additional information go to Benemérita Guardia Civil del Perú (official website): http://www.benemeritaguardiacivildelperu.com
Esteban Rivera, 15 November 2017


Peruvian Investigation Police (Policía de Investigaciones del Perú)

The "Policía de Investigaciones del Perú, PIP (English: Peruvian Investigation Police) was the Corps of Detectives and Investigation Auxiliaries (i.e. Civil Police or Secret Police) whose tasks were to investigate crimes, public officials protection and justice. It was established on October 12, 1922 as "Brigada de Investigación y Vigilancia" (English: Investigation and Surveilance Brigade). On August 26, 1929 it is transformed into the Cuerpo de Investigación y Vigilancia, CIV (English: Investigation and Surveilance Corp).

On June 3, 1960 it changed its name to Policía de Investigaciones del Perú (English: Peruvian Investigation Police).

On May 1981, the "Grupo Especial Operativo" (English: Special Operative Group), within the "División de Seguridad del Estado" (English: State Security Division) is established, which is the genesis of what would later be the División de Policía Antisubversiva, DIPAS (English: Antisubversive Police Division), which would be the cornerstone of the DIRCOTE.

By Ley Nº 24294 (Law No. 24294) of September 14, 1985, the whole reorganization of the existing Police forces is amended. The Republican Guard was amended through Decreto Legislativo 372 (English: Legislative Decree 372) of February 4, 1986 changed its name to “Policía Ténica" (English: Technical Police) until 1992.

The PIP is currently part of the Police.

Sources: http://www.guardiarepublicana.com and https://es.wikipedia.org

Dircote flag image located by Esteban Rivera, 15 November 2017

Its flag is a horizontal dark green flag, with the motto of the organization on top, "HONOR Y LEALTAD" (English: Honor and Loyalty) in golden capital letters, below the emblem (https://botw-pd.s3.amazonaws.com) and below the date 15-SET (September 15 below, all in golden capital letters, surrounded by a golden fringe.

Image cropped from the original image: http://3.bp.blogspot.com, source).
Esteban Rivera, 15 November 2017


Dirección de Salud (DIRSAL, Health Directorate)

Dircote flag image located by Esteban Rivera, 15 November 2017

One of the Directorates of the Peruvian National Police is the "Dirección de Salud (DIRSAL, Health Directorate)", more informally "Sanidad de las Fuerzas Policiales, SFP" (English: Police Forces Sanitation).

Its flag is a pink horizontal flag with the emblem in the middle, with an inscription around the emblem that reads on top "SANIDAD DE LAS FUERZAS POLICIALES" and on the bottom its initials, SFP, all in golden capital letters.

Image cropped image from the original: http://adogenperu.org/actividades/banderas.jpg, source: http://adogenperu.org/actividades.html#actividad3.

Esteban Rivera, 15 November 2017