Last modified: 2023-04-22 by rob raeside
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image by Ivan Sarajčić, 27 June 2007
Niš is the third largest town in Serbia. Situated at crossroads
of Balkan and European highways, connecting Asia Minor to Europe, Niš
is one of the oldest cities in the Balkan, and has from ancient
times been considered a gateway between the East and the West. It is
home to Serbia's oldest Christian church, dated back to the IVth
century in the suburb of Mediana. Niš is also notable as the
birthplace of Constantine the Great, the first Christian Roman
Emperor and the founder of Constantinople.
Niš is a university center. There are about 30,000 university students at the University of Niš, which comprises 13 faculties. Niš is also one of the most important industrial centres in Serbia, a center of electronics industry (see Elektronska Industrija Niš), industry of mechanical engineering, textile industry and tobacco industry.
According to the last census from 2002, the whole municipal area of the city of Niš (including both, urban and rural parts of municipality) had a population of 250,518.
There is still much dispute about the true number of its population, since there are several thousands of Kosovo refugees who officially don't live in thetown, but live here with local family. These numbers range from 350.000 to over 500.000 inhabitants.
Until 2002, Niš was divided into the two Civic Municipalities of Niš (proper) and Niška Banja. Niš is now formed of the four urban municipalities of Crveni Krst, Medijana, Palilula and Pantelej and of the suburban municipality of Niška Banja.
Milan Jovanović & Ivan Sarajčić, 27 June 2007
According to the official status of the City of Niš, the flag of Niš, in proportions 1:2, is blue with the municipal coat of arms in the upper right corner, covering 1/6 of the flag. The arms and flag were granted in 1996.
The wavy bend symbolises the Nisava river, while the fortress is the symbol of the town of of Niš. Above the fortress is a double-headed eagle, the symbol of Serbia.
The right supporter of the arms is Stefan Sinđelić, holding the flag of Serbia. He was a famous general of the Serbian army, who died together with his soldiers in the battle near of Niš in 1809. The left supporter is the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great, holding the town flag of of Niš. Born in of Niš, he proclaimed Christianity as a state religion of the Roman Empire. The banner shows the name of of Niš in Serbian Cyrillic letters (in the centre), as Nisos in Greek language (on the right) and as Naissus in Latin (on the left).
Milan Jovanović, 27 June 2007
The flag of Niš, being an armorial flag instead of a banner of arms, is an exception in Serbian subnational vexillology. Although the Serbian Heraldry Society designed the flag, and recommended that the flag from the coat of arms should be used as the town flag, the Niš authorities did not accept that.
Authorities also wanted to add a golden "Serbian cross" to the Serbian
flag borne by the right supporter (Stefan Sinđelić), which is
exception, too. They said that the flag looks nicer charged with the cross.
I have seen this flag many times on TV coverages, and even in Niš, several years ago.
On a photo taken by Milan Jovanović, the proportions of the flag seems to be 2:3 instead of 1:2; legal prescription and practice differ.
Ivan Sarajčić, 28 June 2007
Flag of the Civic Municipality of Niš - Image by Ivan Sarajčić, 23 March 2010
The Civic mMnicipality of Niš, as communicated by Damjan Ilić, used in 2002-2005 a blue flag charged with a seal with the profile of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great and a christogram in chief.
Ivan Sarajčić, 23 March 2010
Flag of Building 17 - Image by Ivan Sarajčić, 23 March 2010
The Inhabitants' Council of Building 17, Nikola Tesla Boulevard, shown a flag on their website.
Valentin Poposki, 23 April 2008
Flag of the University of Niš - Image by Ivan Sache, 5 June 2018
The University of Niš (Универзитет у Нишу - Univerzitet u Nišu; website),
established on 15 June 1965 and inaugurated on 15 October 1965, was the
third Serbian and the seventh Yugoslavian university. It incorporated
the three Faculties established in 1960 under the aegis of the
University of Belgrade.
The University of Niš is composed of 14 Faculties.
The flag of the university (photo) is white with the university's emblem.
Ivan Sache, 5 June 2018