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Russian Navy: 1697-1700

Last modified: 2014-05-04 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: navy | ensign | proposal | peter 1 (russia) | peter the great | allard (carel) |
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Ensign (1697-1700)

1668 ensign
image by António Martins, 21 Oct 1997

Stern flag [i.e. ensign] (1697-1700). From 1700 till 1845 used on cargo vessels of the fleet and was called "proviant flag", from 1705-1917 this flag was used by merchant vessels. In 1883 it became the state flag of Russia.
Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999, quoting from Flag-znamya korablya, Russian Navy website, consulted 07 Mar 1999

Identical to the current national flag
António Martins, 23 Oct 1999


Proposed design #1 (1698-1700)

proposal#1
image by Yosef Obskura and Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999

Flag of proposed design, occasionally used (1698-1700)
Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999, quoting from Flag-znamya korablya, Russian Navy website, consulted 07 Mar 1999


Proposed design #2 (1698-1700)

proposal#2
image by Yosef Obskura and Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999

Flag of proposed design, occasionally used (1698-1700)
Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999, quoting from Flag-znamya korablya, Russian Navy website, consulted 07 Mar 1999


Proposed design #3 (1698-1700)

proposal#3
image by Yosef Obskura and Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999

Flag of proposed design, occasionally used (1698-1700)
Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999, quoting from Flag-znamya korablya, Russian Navy website, consulted 07 Mar 1999


Proposed design #4 (1698-1700)

proposal#4
image by Yosef Obskura and Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999

Flag of proposed design, occasionally used (1698-1700)
Željko Heimer, 03 Apr 1999, quoting from Flag-znamya korablya, Russian Navy website, consulted 07 Mar 1999

This flag was personally designed by Peter the Great and a sketch of it is still conserved in the Kercenskij Museum. The design of the blue S. Andrew cross remained, from 1712, only on the white field of the naval ensign, while flags of this model were given in 1699 to the Czar ambassadors in Ukraina and Costantinopole, but disappeared very soon.
Mario Fabretto, 27 Nov 1998

In one of the worlds first flagbooks, compiled by Carel Allard (from Amsterdam) in 1695 [ala95], shows three Russian flags:

  • horizontal white-blue-red, over all (shifted to the hoist) a golden double headed eagle with a red shield (with St.George, without the dragon) on its chest and a golden crown over its heads. Caption: Czar of Moscovia. (See here.)
  • horizontal white-blue-red, over all a blue saltire. Ratio of the flag aprox. 1:3. Caption: Other flag of Czar of Moscovia.
  • quarterly red and white, a blue cross over all. Caption: another Moscovian flag. (See here.)
Mark Sensen, 25 Nov 1998, quoting [sie96]


1699-1914 civil ensign

1699-1914 civil ensign
image by António Martins, 21 Oct 1997

The plain white-blue-red horizontal tricolor was adopted as the Russian civil ensign in 1799. In 1858, a black - golden yellow - white horizontal tricolor was adopted as the civil flag but it got highly unpopular and so in 1883, the civil ensign was adopted as an alternate civil flag.
Tom Gregg, 09 Jan 1997

This is misprint. Correct date is 1699.
Alexei Arkhipov, 21 Mar 1999