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Flags of political parties: Nazi (Sweden)

Last modified: 2014-05-31 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: political parties | nazi | nationalsocialistiska arbetarpartiet | svensk socialistisk samling |
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Nationalsocialistiska Blocket

National Socialist Bloc

[NSB flag]
image by Tomislav Todorović, 25 March 2012

National Socialist Bloc (Swedish: Nationalsocialistiska Blocket) was founded in 1933; it never managed to achieve a large support and gradually vanished in early 1940's [1, 2]. Party leaders were Colonel Martin Ekstrom (last name spell with an umlaut over the o) and Count Eric von Rosen, the latter probably being the creator of the party flag (see below).
The party used a blue flag charged with a yellow swastika with curved bendings (see attached image <se}nsb.gif>); the color shades were those of the national flag [3]. The finial also had form of the
swastika, the same as the flag charge [4]. The same swastika was also used as the standalone emblem, e.g. on the party posters [5]. The flag was probably created by Eric von Rosen, who used the swastika as a personal owner's mark and also promoted its use in Finland - he created the original Finnish Air Force roundel with a blue swastika on a white disc - all of that long before the party was founded [6].
Sources:
[1] Wikipedia page about the National Socialist Bloc:
[2] Gentleman's Military Interest Club forum - topic about the National Socialist Bloc:
[3] Gentleman's Military Interest Club forum - photo of party flag:
[4] Gentleman's Military Interest Club forum - photo of party flag finial:
[5] Photo of a poster of National Socialist Bloc at the Wikipedia:
[6] Wikipedia page about Eric von Rosen:

About the symbol itself, a similar swastika (bendings extending near the straight parts of the arms) is used in India on the ballot papers and has come to represent an universal symbol for the elections and voting in general: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swastika#South_Asia
An image of the symbol cam be seen here:  http://www.opinionpoll.in/modules/election/representative.php.
Tomislav Todorović, 25 March 2012


Nationalsocialistiska Arbetarpartiet (NSAP)

National Socialist Workers Party

[NSAP flag] by António Martins

The flag was used from the founding of NSAP in 1933 until 1938 when the name was changed to Svensk Socialistisk Samling (SSS) and a flag without the swastika was adopted.
Marcus Wendel 19 August 1999

NSAP also used various other flags with a swastika, including the German hakenkreuzfahne.
Marcus Wendel 11 September 1999

National Socialist Workers Party was formed in 1933 as the breakaway group from the Swedish National Socialist Party (SNSP). Its leader Sven Olov Lindholm was originally the second-in-command in the SNSP. The party differed from other Swedish Nazi parties by insisting on anti-Capitalist nature of its ideology, which led to them being labelled as Strasserites ("left-wing Nazis"), especially after the name was changed to Swedish Socialist Coalition (Svensk Socialistisk Samling) in 1938 and use of swastika was abandoned along with most references to Nazism. The party, once a leading ultra-rightist group in Sweden, lost most of the support during the WW2, to be eventually disbanded in 1950. [1, 2]
Along with the blue flag charged with yellow swastika [3, 4], the party used red flag charged with yellow swastika on blue disc, which was originally used by the Swedish National Socialist Party. There are suvriving flags [5] and party membership badges [6] which verify this, as well as photos of party headquarters which show this flag hoisted above the entrance [7, 8]. It is also shown on the party posters [9], sometimes even together with the flag charged with yellow swastika on blue field [10].
Sources:
[1] Wikipedia page about the National Socialist Workers' Party:
[2] War Relics Forum - topic about the NSAP and other Swedish Nazi parties:
[3] War Relics Forum - photos of a NSAP table flag:
[4] War Relics Forum - photos of a NSAP table flag:
[5] War Relics Forum - photos of NSAP flag "for podium":
[6] War Relics Forum - photo of a NSAP membership badge:
[7] War Relics Forum - photo of NSAP party headquarters in Stockholm 1934:
[8] War Relics Forum - photo of NSAP party headquarters in Stockholm 1934:
[9] War Relics Forum - photo of a NSAP poster:
[10] War Relics Forum - photo of a NSAP poster:
Tomislav Todorović, 26 November 2012


Svenska Nationalsocialistiska Partiet

[NSAP flag] image by Tomislav Todorović

Swedish National Socialist Party (Svenska Nationalsocialistiska Partiet) was founded in 1930 by fusion of several smaller Nazi groups, under the name of New Swedish National Socialist League (Nysvenska Nationalsocialistiska Förbundet); its later name was adopted next year. At that time, its leader Birger Furugard (last name spells with ring above the a) was often described as the future /fuehrer/(Swedish: /riksledare/) of Sweden, but the party suffered from a serious split in 1933, when large number of members broke away under the leadership of Sven Olov Lindholm, Furugard's deputy, and formed the National Socialist Workers Party, which quickly became the strongest Nazi movement in Sweden. In 1936, following a meagre performance at the national election, the party was disbanded. [1, 2, 3]
The party used a red flag, charged with a yellow swastika on blue disc. The colors can be verified by surviving party membership badges [4, 5, 6]. The surviving black and white photos of party members, including Furugard himself [7, 8], also show flags and armbands with the grayscale pattern which does correspond to said colors.
Sources:
[1] Wikipedia page about Birger Furugard (in English):
[2] Wikipedia page about Birger Furugard (in Swedish):
[3] War Relics Forum - topic about Swedish Nazi parties:
[4] Gentleman's Military Interest Club forum - topic about the Swedish National Socialist Party:
[5] Gentleman's Military Interest Club forum - photo of a SNSP membership badge:
[6] Gentleman's Military Interest Club forum - photo of a SNSP membership badge:
[7] Photo of Birger Furugard in party uniform at Wikipedia Commons:
[8] War Relics Forum - photo of a SNSP gathering (with the portrait of Furugard in the back):
Tomislav Todorović, 26 November 2012


Svensk Socialistisk Samling (SSS)

Swedish Socialist Coalition

SSS (which was called Nationalsocialistiska Arbetarpartiet (NSAP) until 1938) often used a white flag with a Wasa-sheaf.
Marcus Wendel 11 September 1999


Svenska Socialistiska Industriarbetarförbundet (SSIAF)

I've posted a scan of a flag used by the Swedish Nazi union Svenska Socialistiska Industriarbetarförbundet (SSIAF), part of Svensk Socialistisk Samling (SSS) at flagsforum.skalman.nu.
Marcus Wendel, 14 February 2008