Last modified: 2012-09-03 by Zachary Harden
Keywords: chai nat |
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2:3 image by Olivier Touzeau, 3 August 2012
Chai Nat (ชัยนาท) is one of the central provinces of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Nakhon Sawan, Sing Buri, Suphan Buri and Uthai Thani.
Chai Nat is located in the flat river plain of central Thailand's Chao Phraya River valley. In the south of the province the Chao Phraya (formerly Chai Nat) Dam impounds the Chao Phraya river, both for flood control as well as to divert water into the country's largest irrigation system for the irrigation of rice paddies in the lower river valley. The dam, part of the Greater Chao Phraya Project, was finished in 1957 and was the first dam constructed in Thailand.
Originally the city was located at Sankhaburi. In the reign of King Mongkut (Rama IV) the main settlement of the province was moved to its present-day location. During the wars with the Burmese it was an important military base to confront with the Burmese arms. As all these confrontations were successful the city gained the name Chai Nat, which means place of victory.
The provincial seal shows the Buddhist wheel, the Dhammajakra. In the background is a mountain (Khao Phlong) and a river (Chao Phraya River). The wheel symbolizes the faith of the residents.
Olivier Touzeau, 6 July 2000
According to the Thai Ministry of Interior in 2000, the flag of
Chai Nat province is fuchsia with the provincial seal in the middle of the flag.
The flag can be seen nowadays on the provincial website:
Olivier Touzeau, 3 August 2012