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İspir (District Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2017-11-05 by ivan sache
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Flag of İspir - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 1 November 2017

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Presentation of İspir

The municipality of İspir (16,338 inhabitants in 2012, 6,570 in the town of İspir; 201,245 ha) is located 150 km north of Erzurum.

Ivan Sache, 3 November 2017

Flag of İspir

The flag of İspir (photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the municipality's emblem. "T.C." stands for "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti", "Republic of Turkey"; Belediye Başkanlığı" means "Municipality Presidency".

The emblem features the citadel, which was built on a high rock on the right bank of the river Çoruh (Akampsis) and controlled the fertile river valley stretching to the southwest. İspir served as an important strategic point on the road leading from Erzurum northwards to the Pontic coast. In the 13th-15th centuries, the city, as it seems,never became the capital of any Muslim ruler.
At present, in the citadel, the mosque of Sultan Melik with a minaret, which was built in the Seljuk times, presumably, in the 13th century, a part of the fortification walls, as well as fragments of the apse and narthex of a church a few dozen meters from the mosque have survived. This fairly large church (27.7 x 13 m) was much greater than the mosque standing next door.
[R. Shukurov. 2013. Churches in the citadels of Ispir and Bayburt: an evidence of ‘Harem Christianity’? Pp. 713-725 in G. Vespignani (Ed.), Polidoro - Studi offerti ad Antonio Carile, Vol. 2]

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 3 November 2017