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Bayburt (District Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2022-11-19 by ian macdonald
Keywords: bayburt | arpalı |
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Flag of Bayburt, current and former versions - Images by Jens Pattke, 16 December 2012 and Tomislav Šipek, 10 February 2022

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Presentation of Bayburt

The municipality of Bayburt (61,354 inhabitants in 2012, 35,947 in the town of Bayburt; 265,541 ha) is located 150 km south-east of Trabzon.

Bayburt was originally founded by the Azzi people. Groups who subsequently either settled in the area or dominated it include the Cimmerians in the 8th century BC, then in the 7th century BC the Medes, followed by the Persians, the Pontic Empire, the Romans, the Byzantines (who called it Paipert), the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia, the Seljuks, the Aq Qoyunlu, briefly the Safavids, and eventually the Ottomans.
The town prospered in the late 13th and early 14th century because of the commerce between Trebizond and Iran.
Bayburt was captured by a Russian army in 1828/1829 and the town and citadel were largely damaged by them. The British traveler William John Hamilton (1805-1887) commented on the ruins in the 1840s.
[Selsebil Travel & Tourism]

Ivan Sache, 30 April 2018

Flag of Bayburt

The flag of Bayburt (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality". The former flag of Bayburt (photo) was white with the municipality's former emblem.

The citadel erected on the rocks that overlooks the town probably dates back to the Roman period, being reused by the subsequent rulers of the town. Completely revamped during the Saltukid period (12th century), the citadel was completed in 1200-1230 by Tughril Shah, the Seljuk Emir of Erzurum. The towers are 12-13 m in height while the height of the walls is about 30 m.
The Clock Tower (21 m in height) was inaugurating on 29 October 1924 during the celebration of the establishment of the Turkish Republic. Built with stones by artisans from Bayburt, the tower is equipped with four clocks and mechanism brought from Germany.

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 30 April 2018


Tomislav Šipek, 10 February 2022



[Flag] image by Tomislav Šipek, 26 December 2017

The municipality of Arpalı (2,703 inhabitants in 2005) is located 20 km north-west of Bayburt.

The flag of Arpalı (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem, adopted in 2014, features Vefali ("Loyal") the emblematic stork that has been nesting on the dome of the central mosque and quite migrating for 14 years. Causing damage to the dome, the nest was once destroyed and reestablished after the restoration of the building. However, the stork preferred to live in the neighboring woods, until the artificial nest was removed and the bird could rebuild a nest of his own.
[Bayburt Postası, 15 March 2016]

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 12 January 2018

Bayburt University

[Flag] image by Ivan Sache, 18 May 2018

Bayburt University (website) was established in 2008. The university is made of 5 Faculties and 4 Vocational Schools.

The flag of Bayburt University (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem.

Ivan Sache, 18 May 2018