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Barinas State (Venezuela)

Estado Barinas

Last modified: 2021-08-26 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: barinas | venezuela | sabana | spike | palm | coffee | tobacco | sword | lance | phrygian cap | bull | laurel | sun |
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by Guillermo Aveledo, 4 august 2000

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Barinas is a western state of Venezuela and its name is based on one of its principal rivers. The barinensian flag is divided in three horizontal stripes with the same size. The sky-blue (above) represents a bright sky and the people's hope . The white (center) reminds the immensity and the mist of the Andes mountain foot. The green (below) symbolizes the "sabana" (the plain): the predominant landscape of the region. In the center appears a reclined red rectangle which represents the regional history, the warrior past of the state, the burned faces by the fire and the blood leaked for the Independence. Inside of the rectangle we can appreciates a yellow shining sun which reminds the emblematical color of the Liberal Party in the "War of the Federation" (1859-1863) a Venezuelan Civil War in the 19th Century and besides the Battle of Santa Ine's (December 10th, 1859) won by the troops under the command of General Ezequiel Zamora, leader of the liberal cause. The seven sunrays symbolize the seven provinces, which declared the Independence of Venezuela in July 5th, 1811: Barinas was one of them. The yellow truncated triangle represents the way oriented to the encounter with the sun and the union of both symbolical elements, reminds a spike of grain how the presence of the ground signing the development and highness of one people. The green palm tree represents the symbolical ecology of the state because this plant has a special presence in the oral and written literature of the region. All this symbols, in conjunction, reminds the "Camino de Palma y Sol"(The Palm and Sun's Way), phrase which appears in the song Linda Barinas: the second regional anthem. This flag, product of a concourse called "Una Bandera para Barinas" (One Flag for Barinas) won by Mr. Fernando Daniel Perez Castellano (he has only ten years old when he took part in the competition) and the Barinensian Singer-Author Mr. Guillermo Jimenez Leal, was granted by the Legislative Assembly of the Barinas State by means of the Decree 104-97 in December 10, 1997.
With regards to the Coat of Arms of this Venezuelan state, it is divided per pale and fess. The first quarter in Or (yellow) charges a coffee and a tobacco branches jointed under a golden caduceus representing the commerce of these plants, the most important agricultural products for exportation in the state. The second quarter in gules (red) shows two swords and two pavilions crossed with a lance crowned by the Phrygian cap, symbol of the Republic, for represent the glorious trophies conquered by the heroism and sacrifice of the barinensians in the Independence War of Venezuela. The third quarter shows a landscape with a bull, reminding the cattle-rising richness of the state, looking to a river which born at the Andes mountain foot and running on the plains, after fertilizes the forest. In the center of the shield we can see a golden bar charging the motto "DIOS Y FEDERACION" (God and Federation) which was the war cry of the liberal party in the Venezuelan Federation War. The cimier consist in a shining sun representing the glory, which charges the war voice "SANTA INES 10 DE DICIEMBRE DE 1859" reminds the Battle of Santa Ines and its date, previously mentioned, one of the most important triumphs in the Venezuelan Federation War. The seven stars over the sun are symbols of the earlier seven districts of the Barinas State. A yellow pennant joints the laurel crown, symbol of victory.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 1 August 2000

Raul wrote: "In the center appears a reclined red rectangle". What does "reclined" mean?
Guillermo Aveledo, 4 august 2000

I think it probably means that the rectangle is lying down, that is, its long dimension is horizontal.
John Ayer, 4 august 2000

Coat of Arms

by Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 1 August 2000