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Macano (Nueva Esparta, Venezuela)

Municipio Macano, Municipio Península de Macanao

Last modified: 2021-08-26 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: nueva esparta | macano | juan griego |
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image by Ivan Sache, 25 July 2015

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This municipality has known under two names, Macanao (not Macano) and Península de Macanao. The municipal website simply uses Macanao, which must, therefore, be the most commonly used name.

The municipality of Macanao (aka Península de Macanao; 26,423 inhabitants in 2011; 330.7 sq. km, therefore the largest municipality in Nueva Esparta by its area) forms the western part of Margarita Island (the largest island of the insular State of Nueva Esparta). The municipality is made of the Parishes of Boca del Río (municipal capital) and San Francisco de Macanao (capital, Boca de Pozo, aka Macanao) and of the villages of Boca de Río, Guayacancito, El Horcón, El Manglillo, Curichicual, Párate Bueno, Punta Arenas, Boca de Pozo, Robledal, El Tunal, San Francisco de Macanao, Manzanillo, Arenas, El Maguey and El Saco. The peninsula of Macanao was once an island; sedimentation progressively formed the narrow isthmus that connects it to Eastern Margarita. The bridge over the Restinga laguna, planned on 4 September, was inaugurated on 17 February 1963, Macanao is named for a Guaquerí cacique. Boca de Pozo is one of the oldest settlements in the municipality. The cattle estates of Robledal and Chacaracual were established there in 1660. Agriculture was established in 1841, on the soil hitherto considered as sterile. Urbanization started in 1844 when Robledal was relocated to its today's site.
The municipality of Península de Macanao was established, as a District, by a Decree adopted on 14 December 1974 by the Legislative Chamber of the State of Nueva Esparta. Full municipal status was granted on 29 January 1988, with separation from the municipality of Díaz.
Ivan Sache, 25 July 2015

The Flag

Flag of Macano municipality (capital: Plaza Paraguachi) can be seen at <>.
Dov Gutterman, 3 June 2005

The flag of Macanao, designed by Heraclio Narváez, is horizontally divided blue-red with a yellow rising sun and a white star in upper right canton. The blue stripe represents the sea surrounding the municipality, the main source of income for the fishers. The red stripe represents blood shed by the Guaquerí natives. The yellow sun represents wealth; its four rays stand for 4 May, "the day Margarita joined the battle of Matasiete [Margarita Island, a Republican stronghold, was invaded in 1817 by the Spanish troops commanded by General Morillo; on 31 July 1817; Morillo was defeated in Matasiete.]
The white star is the fisher's eternal guidance.
Ivan Sache, 25 July 2015

Coat of Arms

from <>
updated link provided by Ivan Sache, 25 July 2015