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I found this page on the origin of the chequered flag: www.chiangmai-mail.com/130/auto.shtml
Whether the reference is correct I don't know.
anonymous, 14 July 2005
Last week, I asked what was the origin of the chequered flag to signify the end of a motor race? The 'real' answer was given to me by one of my motoring mates, Vic Garra, as I had tried last year to get an answer and failed! According to Vic's research, the Americans claim the origin. I quote, "One flag which is widely used today is the checkered flag. This flag indicates that the racing event is over or concluded. It owes its past to the ladies of small mid western towns. These townships would sponsor a horse racing event and would have competitors come from miles around to either race their horses or just watch the festivities. The town's ladies would cook up huge meals and serve them on the race grounds. It has been written that when the meal was ready to be served, the ladies would start waving a checkered table cloth to indicate to the spectators and racers that the racing was over and it was time to come and eat. The use of the checkered table cloth carried over to when automobiles replaced horses and somewhere along the way, the big meals on the grounds were no longer prepared. But the checkered table cloth remained as the indication that the race is over. It is used extensively today to indicate the Winner and a Champion."
"Origins of the chequered flag
The exact origins of the use of a chequered flag to end races are lost in history, although there are many theories. A possible though unlikely theory is that horse races during the early days of the settlement of the American Midwest were followed by large public meals and that to signal that the meals were ready and racing should come to an end, a chequered tablecloth was waved. Another origin theory claim is that the chequered flag's earliest known use was for 19th century bicycle races in France. A more likely explanation is that a high-contrast flag would be more conspicuous against the background of a crowd, especially when early races were run on dirt tracks (and therefore dust reduced the driver's visibility).
The earliest known photographic record of a chequered flag being used to end a race was from the 1906 Vanderbilt Cup race held in Long Island, New York. (picture seen here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Checquered_flag_1906.jpg).
A 2006 publication "The Origin of the Checker Flag - A Search for Racing's Holy Grail", written by historian Fred Egloff and published by the International Motor Racing Research Center at Watkins Glen, traces the flag's origin to one Sidney Waldon, an employee of the Packard Motor Car Company, who in 1906 devised the flag to mark "checking stations" (now called "checkpoints") along the rally-style events of the Glidden Tour.
Esteban Rivera, 24 December 2011
The chequered flag has
become so well recognized that it is often used to indicate the
conclusion of many things unrelated to auto racing. For example, some
software installation programs display a chequered flag to indicate that
a computer program has been installed successfully. Chequered
flags were also posted at each corner of the end zones in the original
Yankee Stadium when the facility was used by the New York Giants of the
National Football League from 1956 through 1973."
Esteban Rivera, 24 December 2011
The website at
describes a book, “The Origin of the Checker Flag - A Search for Racing’s Holy Grail”, by Fred Egloff, International Motor Racing Research Center 2006,
which takes the origin back to Glidden Tours, a type of road rally where
checking stations were identified by the chequered flag. In the same year, a
chequered flag was photographed at the finish line of a Vanderbilt Cup Race in
Steve Bogdan, 8 February 2016
The website at
http://www.vanderbiltcupraces.com/ also mentions the first use of the
checkered flag. It claims that the first person to waive such flag
was Fred Wagner, as follows:
"As Louis Wagner was about to win the contest, starter Fred Wagner waved what is believed to be the first checkered flag used to signify the finish of an auto race. Standing on the railing above the flag, Willie K saluted the victor. The winning Darracq averaged 62.7 mph over the 297.1-mile race. Lancia’s F.I.AT. finished second, only three minutes and 18 seconds behind, followed 16 seconds later by Arthur Duray’s Lorraine-Dietrich."
Esteban Rivera, 9 February 2016
Safety chequered flags use red instead of the traditional black, as seen here:
Sometimes orange can be used instead of red, as seen here:
https://www.airportsafetystore.com/file/view/591). These types of flags are
regulated by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
through Circular 150-5210-5C of August 31, 2007 regarding "PAINTING, MARKING,
AND LIGHTING OF VEHICLES USED ON AN AIRPORT" (http://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/advisory_circular/150-5210-5C/150_5210_5c.pdf)
and AC 150-5200-18C of April 23, 2004 regarding "AIRPORT SAFETY SELF-INSPECTION"
as well as Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) Regulations
(Standards - 29 CFR "Safety Standards for Signs, Signals, and Barricades" (https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=FEDERAL_REGISTER&p_id=17390),
which dates back as far as ANSI (American National Standards Institute, official
website: https://www.ansi.org) D6.1-1971
"Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways"
(abbreviated as 1971 MUTCD) ) and its use has been spread worldwide to other
countries (most likely adopting ICAO safety regulations). The official
regulation measures are 36” x 36” (3’ x 3’, or 91cm X 91cm), called "Universal
checkered safety pattern" and they are used to mark construction vehicles, call
attention to inspection vehicles, and signify ground hazards – including
manholes, stockpiles and closed taxiways. Other specifications are found on the
same document ( Circular 150-5210-5C ) APPENDIX A , Table A-1 per the Commission
Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE, International Commission on Illumination)
(official website: http://www.cie.co.at).
Another chequered flag, this time blue and white squares is the ICS Letter N.
Esteban Rivera, 6 July 2016