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Bosanski Petrovac (Municipality, Una-Sana Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Last modified: 2024-07-06 by rob raeside
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[Flag] image by Tomislav Šipek, 24 June 2024

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Presentation of Bosanski Petrovac

Bosanski Petrovac is traditionally considered as the old Croatian town of Pset, as mentioned in the 10th century by Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitos; however, this is not unanimuously accepted by modern scientists.
The town was known in 1334 as St. Petri de eodem. It was seized by the Ottomans in the 1520s and its the modern development started after the Peace of Karlovci (1699), when it was colonized by people leaving the Lika and Dalmatia regions transferred to Venetia and Austria. Petrovac, at the time called Hrvatski Petrovac, was the seat of a Diocese of the Croatian Orthodox Church (HPC) in 1942-1945. The HPC was established in the Independent State of Croatia in an attempt to "solve the Serbian issue".

Željko Heimer, 4 June 2011

Flag of Bosanski Petrovac

[Flag] image by Željko Heimer, 14 January 2014

Bosanski Petrovac has a rather unusual flag (photo), being of the same shape as the coat of arms rotated 90 degrees. The reverse of the flag is apparently made of the same image, thus two pieces of cloth are sewn together, so that the flag is fully readable from both sides. The flag is ornamented with a golden fringe along all non-hoist edges. It might have been originally intended for vertical display, but it is seen used hoisted horizontally.

Željko Heimer, 14 January 2014

For external use, the flag looks more appropriate: white with a coat of arms.
Tomislav Šipek, 24 June 2024

Coat of arms of Bosanski Petrovac

[Municipal arms] image by Željko Heimer, 14 January 2014

The coat of arms is described in Article 9 of the Municipal Statutes Statut Općine/Opštine Bosanski Petrovac (prečišćen tekst), adopted on 29 September 2008 by the Municipal Assembly.

The coat of arms is described as follows:

The coat of arms is on a white background, semi-circular shield with the following symbols:
- sun and blue skyes, symbolizing the climate with more than 300 sunny days a year;
- the contours of the mountains surrounding Bosanski Petrovac;
- an edelweiss at the mountain top;
- spruce, fir, symbols of the dominant natural resources;
- a circular saw, symbol of woodworks as the primary industry;
- ruins of the medieval town, symbol of historical heritage;
- cascades of the masoned walls, town fortress, symbolizing the establishment of the modern Bosanski Petrovac;
- the year "1878" symbolizing the year when the name Bosanski Petrovac was first used as such;
- three stars symbolizing the three constitutive nations living for centuries in these regions;
- contours of carpet, symbol of houseworks of the women of the Petrovac region.
The coat of arms is made in blue, green, yellow and red.
At the top is a white rectangle with the blue inscription "Bosanski Petrovac".

The Populari database gives the year of adoption of the coat of arms as 2005.
The constitutionality of the symbol was not disputed.

Željko Heimer, 4 June 2011

Former coat of arms of Bosanski Petrovac

[Former arms] image by Željko Heimer, 4 June 2011

The Populari database includes the coat of arms that was used in the 1990s, from some time after 1992 until, probably, 2005. It already has elements of the current coat of arms, so it obviously served as inspiration for it.
The coat of arms is "Azure, a carpet ornament: a lozenge serrated gules coticed serrated celestial and in chief an outline of hills dark blue'. The shield is topped with a ribbon or inscribed sable.

Željko Heimer, 4 June 2011