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Garuva, Santa Catarina (Brazil)

Last modified: 2021-12-11 by ian macdonald
Keywords: santa catarina | garuva |
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[Flag of 
Garuva, SC (Brazil)] image by Dirk Schönberger, 10 June 2012

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The municipality of Garuva (16,081 inhabitants in 2010; 50,360 ha) is located on the border with Paraná, 230 km north of Florianópolis.

Garuva was first settled in 1841 by French colonists who established two phalansterian colonies in Glória and Palmital, on the mode of the ideal society proposed by Joseph Fourier (1772-1837). Rivalry between the two groups and the lack of care by the Brazilian government for the road that connected the colonies to the rest of the world, which was cut since 1842 by fallen trees, ended the experiment in 1847.
The area was re-settled in 1914 by Manoel Martins, Cândido da Veiga and Theodor Roco; a group of French settled in Palmital in 1919.
The district of Palmital was established on 15 December 1927. In 1935, its seat was transferred from Palmital to Garuva and its was renamed to São João de Palmital. The district was eventually renamed to Garuva in 1942, for the sake of differentiation from the several places called São João in Santa Catarina.
The municipality of Garuva was established on 20 December 1963, separating from São Francisco, and inaugurated on 29 February 1964.
Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 3 November 2021

Description of the Flag

A horizontal tricolour, blue-white-green, with the municipal arms in the centre.

Official website at
Dirk Schönberger, 10 June 2012

The flag of Garuva is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 236 promulgated on 16 October 1980.

Article 1.
The municipal flag shall have the following heraldic description: Composed of three fields arranged horizontally, the upper field blue, the lower field green, and the central field white, charged in the center with the municipal arms.

Article 2.
The production of the municipal flag shall obey the following dimensions
i) The length shall be 1.30 m, the width 90 cm.

Coat of arms of Garuva.
Heraldic elucidation.

Shield. So-called Iberian, the base formed by a semi-circle used in Portugal at the time of Brazil's discovery and colonization, according to our heraldists the best symbol for our towns. In Brazilian heraldry, it evokes the origin of our race to the formation of which the Portuguese were basic elements.
Mural crown. With four open towers, the proper and consecrated emblem of municipalities and their administrative autonomy.
Motto. "Garuva" on a blue scroll.
Date. "20/12/1963", representing the municipality's date of creation.
Stylized tree. Represents the tree called Garuva [Cinnamomum glaziovii (Mez) Kosterm.] predominating in the region, the town's namesake.
Stylized hoe. Represents agriculture and the municipality's agricultural force.
Stylized cow's head. Represents cattle-breeding, one of the municipality's main sources of income.
Stylized waves. Represents the municipality's beaches.
Stylized fish. Represents fishing, also a source of income for the municipality.
Banana trees and rice plants. Represent the municipality's main crops.
Leis Municipais database

Blue represents the sky, white represents peace, and green represents the forests.
Website of the Municipal Chamber

The coat of arms of Garuva is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 237 promulgated on 16 October 1980.

Article 1.
The arms of the municipality shall be blazoned as follows: Iberian shield. In upper canton, a stylized tree on a blue field; in the dexter flank, a stylized hoe an a yellow field; in the sinister flank, a stylized cow's head; in lower canton, a stylized fish. On the shield's dexter side a green banana tree, on the shield's sinister side a green rice plant. A yellow mural crown. The word "Garuva" on a blue scroll inscribed with date "20/12/1963".
Leis Municipais database

The previous flag of Garuva was prescribed by Municipal Law No. 36 promulgated on 1 September 1972.

Article 2.
The municipal flag of Garuva has for colors green, white and red, with the symbol of the garuva tree and the municipality's date of foundation.
Leis Municipais database

Ivan Sache, 3 November 2021