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Electoral and Royal Standards 1714-1866 (Hanover, Germany)

Kurfürst- und Königsstandarten

Last modified: 2013-11-30 by german editorial team
Keywords: hanover | king | horse (white) | banner of arms | lions: 6 (red) | lion: rampant (red) | harp (yellow) | coat of arms: per pale (lions: red) | coat of arms: per pale (lion: blue) | coat of arms: base (horse: white) |
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Electoral Standard 1714-1801

  1. Gules three lions passant guardant Or (England) impaling Or a lion Gules, a demi-tressure fleury-counterfleury Gules (Scotland);
  2. Azure three fleurs-de-lys Or (France);
  3. Azure a harp Or (Ireland);
  4. Coat of arms of Hanover.

Pascal Vagnat, 13 November 1996

Previously 1714-1801 was used the same standard [as the 1801-1816 one] but the first quarter was divided impaling England and Scotland: three golden lions in red and (the fly) half of the Scottish banner; the second and third quarters were blue with three golden fleurs-de-lys [France Moderne]; and the fourth was the arms of Hanover [as in the escutcheon of the 1801-1816 standard].

Jaume Ollé, 29 June 1998

Electoral Standard 1801-1816

Also Royal Standard of Great Britain 1801-1816

[Royal Standard 1816-1866 (Hanover, Germany)]
by Theo van der Zalm and Santiago Dotor
Flag adopted 1801, abolished 1816

  1. England;
  2. Scotland;
  3. Ireland;
  4. England;
On the whole the coat of arms of Hanover with a hat [an electoral cap].

Pascal Vagnat, 13 November 1996

The 1801-1816 banner was exactly the 1816 one except that the crown was (...) an electoral cap (see Flagmaster 89 and Smith 1975 p. 185; the crown in Smith 1975 is not correct).

Jaume Ollé, 29 June 1998

Royal Standard 1816-1866

Staats- und Regierungsfahne 1851-1866, also Royal Standard of Great Britain 1816-1837

[Royal Standard 1816-1866 (Hanover, Germany)]
by Theo van der Zalm modified by Santiago Dotor
Flag adopted 1816, abolished 1866 (as royal standard in Great Britain 1837)

As the 1801-1816 banner but with a [royal] crown instead of the hat [electoral cap].

Pascal Vagnat, 13 November 1996

The banner-of-arms of Great Britain of 1816-1837. Reportedly also used as government flag. Illustrated in Smith 1975 p. 185.

Norman Martin, March 1998

In the escutcheon the two golden lions in red represent Brunswick; the blue lion on gold surrounded by red hearts represent Lüneburg; and the white horse in red represents Westphalia; in the center another shield with Charlemagne's crown in gold.

Jaume Ollé, 29 June 1998

According to the Hanoverian monarchists' website [which quotes many sources], there was no official flag prior to the end of the union with Great Britain in 1837, although of course the British royal standard was obviously the standard of the elector and later the king; indeed after the end of the union, the British standard changed and the Hanoverian did not. In 1851, the standard was declared to be the Staats- und Regierungsfahne (state and government flag) but used as a royal standard — i.e. flown on buildings when the king was present.

Norman Martin, 26 June 2000

I would think that the crown on the escutcheon should not be St. Edward's crown but the Hanoverian royal crown (thus having five visible arches and with neither crosses formy or fleurs-de-lys).

Santiago Dotor, 20 September 2000

I think so too. Louda 1981, p. 197 and Brooke-Little's Royal Heraldry, 1981 both show the Hanoverian crown, the former on the coat-of-arms of Hanover, the latter on the 1815-1837 British arms. The details are not so clear in Louda, but I think the same crown is intended; in any event, five arches and no fleurs-de-lys).

Norman Martin, 20 September 2000

A better image is available at the Die Welfen website of the Hanover family, probably from Schnath 1961.

Santiago Dotor, 16 October 2000

The royal standard drawn by me is based on Neubecker 1932, p. 60.

Theo van der Zalm, 22 June 2001