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Rank and Positional Flags (Spain)

Last modified: 2015-07-29 by ivan sache
Keywords: rank | minister | anchor (blue) | star: 5 points (blue) |
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Car flags and pennants are rarely seen nowadays – particularly military rank flags – in order to avoid identification and surveillance by terrorists.

Santiago Dotor, 24 Sep 1998

Prime Minister and Other High Authorities

Presidente del Gobierno

[Prime Minister and Other High Authorities (Spain)] 1:1
image by Antonio Gutiérrez, taken with permission from the S.E.V. website

According to Calvo and Grávalos 1983, the flag is the same for the Prime Minister (Spanish official title being Presidente del Gobierno) and for other Ministers.

Santiago Dotor, 24 Sep 1998

According to the 1977 Decree on flags and Album des Pavillons, this flag is used by:

  • the Prime Minister (Presidente del Gobierno),
  • Deputy Prime Ministers (Vicepresidentes del Gobierno),
  • Ministers,
  • the Speaker of Parliament (Presidente del Congreso),
  • the President of the State Council (Presidente del Consejo de Estado) [nowadays the Council of the Kingdom or Consejo del Reino],
  • Ambassadors, Ministers Plenipotentiary and Resident Ministers.
Chargés d'Affaires and Consuls use a similar flag with a swallowtail cut as deep as one third of the flag's length, the coat-of-arms being centred in the remaining two thirds.

Santiago Dotor, 24 Sep 1998

Album des Pavillons 2000 says this flag is used also image by Chargés d'Affaires. It does not show the swallowtailed version.

Željko Heimer, 06 Aug 2001

Chief of Defence Staff

Jefe del Estado Mayor de la Defensa

[Chief of Defence Staff (Spain)] 1:1
image by Željko Heimer

Square national triband with Armed Forces emblem in the middle (composed of the Army eagle with St. James cross, the Air Force wings and the Naval anchor) and a segmented blue-black fivepointed star in the middle of the lower red stripe. Source: Album des Pavillons 2000. This must be a rather new flag, not mentioned in any previous sources.

Željko Heimer, 06 Aug 2001

The flag appears already in the 1977 Decree (Jefe del Alto Estado Mayor). I have never (except on Album des Pavillons 2000) seen the star as faceted, but as simply plain blue. On the other hand, I believe the 1982 reorganisation of the armed forces general staff replaced the position of Jefe del Alto Estado Mayor with that of the Presidente de la Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor or President of the Joint Chiefs-of-Staff, whose flag is like that of his predecessor but without the star (illustrated in Calvo and Grávalos 1983, p. 226, ill. 654).

Santiago Dotor, 04 Sep 2001

The star appears faceted in Nueva Biblioteca de Legislación, published in Banderas, 1978, page 37.

In a letter dated January 2000, Cdte. Manzano of the Spanish Navy tells me of a flag project for the General Jefe del Estado Mayor de la Defensa: tricolour 1:1 with blue defence coat-of-arms in upper red stripe, four blue 4-pointed stars in middle yellow stripe, blue 5-pointed star in lower red stripe.

Armand Noel du Payrat, 04 Dec 2002

Non-existent Minister of Defence rank flag

Minister of the Navy's flag, 1977

[Non-existent Minister of Defence rank flag (Spain)] 1:1
image by Željko Heimer
Flag adopted 21st January 1977 for the Minister of the Navy

José Carlos Alegría mentioned that Album des Pavillons 1990 shows a rank flag with "crossed anchors for the Minister of Defence". That is the flag adopted in 1977 for the Minister of the Navy. As far as I know, it was never used, because of the merger of the Ministries of the Army, Navy and Air Force into the current Ministry of Defence shortly thereafter. A similar flag but with smaller anchors – not touching the red stripes – was in use 1923-1931 and 1938-1977.

I wonder whether the editor of Album des Pavillons 1990 assumed that the Minister of Defence inherited this flag or whether he has official information that the flag is currently in use. Actually the 1977 Flag Decree also adopted flags for the Ministers of the Army and of the Air Force. I understand the Minister of Defence might choose the flag of the former Minister of the Navy to represent him when on board a navy vessel, but the question is not clear at all.

Santiago Dotor, 20 Nov 2000

I agree with Santiago Dotor, I have information from the Spanish Attaché in Paris that the Minister of Navy's crossed anchors flag is not in use. It therefore does not appear anymore in Album des Pavillons 2000.

Armand Noel du Payrat, editor of Album des Pavillons 2000, 20 Nov 2000

Shown in Album des Pavillons 1990, p. 95 and Znamierowski 1999, p. 68.

Željko Heimer, 06 Aug 2001