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Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia)


Last modified: 2022-02-26 by rob raeside
Keywords: kabard-balkaria | elbrus | caucasus |
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Flag of Kabard-Balkaria image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 21 May 2006

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Presentation of Kabard-Balkaria

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctly view the Cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (English): Kabard-Balkaria • (Russian, short form): Кабардино-Балкария | Kabardino-Balkariâ • (Russian, long form): Кабардино-Балкарская Республика | Kabardino-Balkarskaâ Respublika
  • Local official languages: Cherkess (a.k.a. Circassian) and Balkar
  • Capital (Russian): Нальчик | Nalhĉik • (English): Nalchik
  • Area: 12 500 km2 (≅4 800 sq.mi.) • Population: 790 000 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: Republic (Республика | Respublika) within the Russian Federation
  • Federal District: Northern Caucasus • Economic region: Northern Caucasus
  • License plate code: 07 • Ham radio code: KB • ISO 3166-2 code: KB
  • Flag adopted on 1994.07.21 • Coat of arms adopted on 1994.07.21

Kabardino-Balkaria, in the north Caucasus, borders Karachay-Cherkassia to the west, Georgia to the south and North Ossetia to the east. Kabardian is a Caucasian language, very closely related to Circassian (Cherkess), more distantly to Abkhaz and Adygei, and more distantly still to Georgian. Balkar, on the other hand, is a Turkic language very closely related to Karachay.
Vincent Morley, 19 Nov 1997

An autonomous province was established for the Kabardians in 1921 and a year later this was extended to include the Balkarians. In 1936, the status of the region was upgraded to that of an ASSR. This, in turn, declared itself a Union Republic in 1991.
Stuart Notholt

Description of the flag

The flag was adopted by Republican Supreme Council on the 21st of July, 1994 alongside with its coat of arms. It consists of three equal-sized horizontal stripes: sky-blue over white over green. The center of flag is charged with the circle crossed by sky-blue and green fields. On a sky-blue field there is white (snow-white) stylized picture of Elbrus mountain (the highest peak of Caucasus mountains — 5642 m).
Andrew Rukkas, 28 Feb 1999

Symbols described at this site:
Andrew Weeks, 30 Aug 2011

Coat of arms of Kabard-Balkaria

Coat of arms of Kabard-Balkaria image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 21 May 2006