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Adana (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2019-07-22 by ivan sache
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Flag of Adana Metropolitan Municipality, horizontal and vertical versions - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 15 December 2017


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Presentation of Adana

The Metropolitan Municipality of Adana (1,736,564 inhabitants; 19,450 ha) is located in south-eastern Turkey, on the Mediterranean Sea. Adana is the unofficial capital of Çukurova (in Turkish, "Low Plain"), the region once known as Cilicia, made today of the Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye and Hatay Provinces.

Adana was one of the first industrialized and economically developed town of Turkey. A mid-size trading town until mid-1800s, Adana saw attraction from European traders after the major cotton supplier, USA, suffered from the Civil War.
Adana is the marketing and distribution center for Çukurova, where cotton, wheat, corn, soybean, barley, grapes and citrus fruits are produced. Farmers of Adana produce half of the corn and soybean harvest in Turkey. 34% of Turkey's peanut and 29% of Turkey's orange is harvested in Adana. Cooperatives played significant role in the economy of the town. Çukobirlik, Turkey's largest cooperative, has 36,064 members in 10 provinces and offers services from planting to marketing of cotton, peanut, soybean, sunflower and canola.
Adana's large-scale industry is based mostly on agriculture. Textile and leather are the major industries, constituting 29% of Adana's manufacturing; plant oil and processed food manufacturing plants are also numerous. As of 2008, Adana has 11 companies in Turkey's top 500 industrial firms. The largest company of Adana, Temsa Global, in automotive manufacturing, has more than 2,500 employees and manufactures 4,000 buses annually. Marsan-Adana is the largest margarine and plant oil factory in Turkey. Advansa Sasa is Europe's largest polyester manufacturer, employing 2,650.
The golden age for the architecture of Adana was the late 15th and the 16th century when the Ramadanid rulers chose Adana as their capital. The town grew rapidly during that period with many new neighborhoods built. Most of the historical landmarks of Adana were built during this period, thus Mamlukand Seljuqid architecture is dominant in Adana's architectural history.
[Adana, a living city, Adana Science and Technology University]

Ivan Sache, 17 September 2017


Flag of Adana

The flag of Adana (photo), also used vertically (photo), is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Büyükşehir Belediyesi" means "Metropolitan Municipality".

The emblem features two of the town's landmarks, the Stone Bridge (Taşköprü) and the Great Clock Tower (Büyük Saat).
The bridge across the river Sarus (modern Seyhan) was probably constructed during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (117-138). The 300 meters long and 13 meters high construction was erected by an engineer named Auxentius and restored by the Byzantine emperor Justinian. The monument was again restored by the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun in the ninth century, and several times under Ottoman rule. It is still in use, and the only archaeological monument in the city.
[Livius, 28 July 2015]
"It is such a magnificent work that it has no match. The clock bell rings but in fact it is the sound of the state," wrote poet Fani Efendi in his poem inscribed on the clock tower built by Governor Abidin Pasha in Adana in 1882.
[Daily Sabah, 5 January 2017]

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 15 December 2017


Adana Metropolitan Municipality Water and Sewerage Administration

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Flag of ASKİ, two versions - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 24 January 2018

The flag of ASKİ (photo) is white with the administration's logo.

Tomislav Šipek, 24 January 2018


Kanuni University

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Flag of Kanuni University - Image by Ivan Sache, 13 January 2018

Kanuni University, founded in Adana by the Cukurova Education and Culture Foundation, was established by Decision No. 28,581, published on 18 June 2013 in the Turkish official gazette. The university was composed of the Faculties of Management and Economics, Engineering, and Human Sciences.
In the aftermath of the aborted coup of 15 June 2016, Kanuni University was among the 15 universities closed down by the Decree proclaiming the State of Emergency, adopted on 23 June 2016, for alleged "links with the Fethullahist Terrorist Organization (FETÖ, the name given to the Gülen movement by the Turkish government).
[Haberler, 23 June 2016]

The flag of Kanuni University (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) was white with the university's emblem in the center.

Ivan Sache, 13 January 2018


Boards of trade

Adana Chamber of Commerce

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Flag of ATO - Image by Ivan Sache, 8 October 2017

ATO (website), an institution that is one of the oldest Chambers of Commerce and Industry in Turkey, was founded in 1894 in compliance with the orders of the Ministry of Commerce and Agriculture with the aim of controlling and regulating commerce, and particularly cotton trade. During those early years cotton exportation was an important activity in the region and the Chamber was established to develop and extend this trade; the pressure exerted by foreign buyers was also taken into consideration.
Between the years 1909-1911 our Chamber took the Chamber of Agriculture within its system and worked under the title of Chamber of Commerce and Agriculture. After 1911 the Chamber separated from the Chamber of Agriculture and, beginning with the First World War, it was known as Adana Chamber of Commerce and Industry. In 1966, upon the request of our industrialist members, in agreement with the Chamber Council and with permission given by the Ministry of Commerce, a separate Chamber of Industry was founded. Thereafter the title of the Chamber was changed to Adana Chamber of Commerce according to Law No. 5174.

The flag of ATO (photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the organization's emblem.

Ivan Sache, 8 October 2017


Adana Chamber of Industry

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Flag of ADASO - Image by Ivan Sache, 8 October 2017

The flag of ADASO is white with the organization's emblem (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo).

Ivan Sache, 8 October 2017


Adana Commodity Exchange

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Flag of the Adana Commodity Exchange, two versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 8 October 2017

Cotton cultivation began before the establishment of Adana Commodity Exchange. Due to the lack of transportation and export facilities it could only meet the needs of the domestic market. In the 1800s after the Adana-Mersin railway was built by the French, cotton trade started to develop and accordingly there emerged need of building a market linked with international markets. Due to the Exchanges Regulations, the first activities of Adana Commodity Exchange was carried out under Adana Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
The Adana Commodity Exchange (website) was officially established on 4 September 1913 and was the second commodity exchange established in Turkey. The Adana Commodity Exchange started its activities with official ceremony on 17 September 1913.

The flag of the Adana Commodity Exchange (photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the organization's emblem. On some copies of the flag (photo, photo, photo), the emblem lacks the two outer rings.
The flag was also used, until 2016, with the emblem in a slightly different color scheme (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo).

Ivan Sache, 8 October 2017


Adana Bar Association

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Flag of the Adana Bar Association - Image by Ivan Sache, 11 April 2019

The flag of the Adana Bar Association (photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the association's emblem.

Ivan Sache, 11 April 2019


Football clubs

Adanaspor

Adanaspor (Adanaspor A.Ş) was established in 1954. After a merger with Akinspor and Torosspor, Adanaspor was granted the professional status in 1966 and adopted its current colours.
The club played in the top league for the 1971-1984, 1988-1991, 1998-2001, and 2002-2004 seasons, finishing 4th in 1975-1976 and 2nd in 1980-1981. Adanaspor declared bankruptcy in 2005, ending in the Third League in 2006. The club eventually returned to Super League in 2016.

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Adanaspor supporter's flag - Image by Ivan Sache, 4 June 2017

In March 2016, Adanaspor defeated Adana Demirspor (1-0) in their opponent's stadium. To celebrate the victory in the Adana derby, the players planted in the middle of the central circle of the stadium a flag (photo, photo) horizontally divided orange-white-orange with the Turkish national flag in canton and the writing "ŞAMPİYON ADANASPOR" (Adanaspor Champion) in orange letters in the white stripe. Orange and white, the club's colours, recall that Adana is a main center of cotton (a cotton boll is featured on the club's emblem) and orange cultivation in Turkey. The players are nicknamed the Taurus Tigers for their jersey, vertically striped orange and white.
All Turkish football fans immediately identified the (kind of) re- enacting of Graeme Souness' legendary act of bravado at the end of the final of the 1996 Turkish Cup won by Galatasaray.

Ivan Sache, 4 June 2017


Adana Demirspor

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Flag of Adana Demirspor - Image by Ivan Sache, 7 November 2016

Adana Demirspor (Adana Demir Spor Kulübü) was established in 1940 by employees of the Turkish State Railways (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları, TCCD). Another 38 sports clubs named Demirspor were established by TCCD.
Adana Demirspor lost the final of the Turkish Cup to Trabzonspor (3-0; 0-0) in 1978 and finished 6th of Super League in 1982. The club was relegated to First League in 1995.

Adana Demisrpor is the club where two emblematic figures of Turkish football, Fatih Terim and Hasan Şaş, made their professional debuts.
Fatih Terim "The Emperor" (b. 1953) played for Adana Demirspor's youth team from 1963 to 1969 and for the professional team from 1969 to 1974 (125 caps, 25 goals). He moved to Galatasaray where he played until retirement in 1985 (357 caps, 15 goals). Terim played as a defender for the Turkish national team from 1975 to 1985 (51 caps, 2 goals). Terim became the successful manager of Galatasaray: 1996-2000, 4 national titles and the UEFA Cup in 2000; 2002-2004; 2011-2013: 3 national titles and quarter finals in the Champions League) and made a noted appearance on the Italian scene (Fiorentina, 2000-2001; Milan, 2001). As the manager of the Turkish national team, he obtained unprecedented international success (1993-1996: first qualification ever for the final tournament of European Football Championship, 1996 ; 2005-2009, semi-finals at Euro 2008; 2013-).
Hasan Şaş (b. 1976) played for Adana Demirspor from 1993 to 1995 (4 caps). After a few years spent with Ankaragücü (1995-1998; 80 caps, 9 goals), he moved to Galatasaray where he played until retirement in 2009 (234 caps, 28 goals). Şaş played as a winger for the Turkish national team from 1998 to 2006 (40 caps, 2 goals).

The flag of Adana Demirspor (photo, photo) is horizontally divided dark blue-light blue with the club's emblem in the middle. The wings are taken from the emblem of the Turkish Railways.

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Adana Demirspor supporter's flag - Image by Ivan Sache, 7 November 2016

The club's supporters use the same flag, without the emblem (photo).

Ivan Sache, 7 November 2016