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İstanbul (Turkey): Universities

State universities

Last modified: 2019-11-09 by ivan sache
Keywords: İstanbul |
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Bahçeşehir University


Flag of Bahçeşehir University - Image by Randy Young, 11 January 2016

The Bahçeşehir University (website) was founded in 1998 at the European side of İstanbul. The university established a branch in Northern Cyprus (Bahçeşehir Cyprus University).
The university's flag (photo) is white with the university's emblem.

Esteban Rivera, 5 January 2016

İstanbul Civilization University


Flag of İMÜ - Image by Ivan Sache, 15 December 2017

İMÜ (website), established in 2010 on the Anatolian side of İstanbul. İMÜ, of 10 Faculties, 2 Schools and 4 Graduate Schools.

The flag of İMÜ (photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem.
The colors are specified as (İMÜ website):

Turquoise   Pantone 3252 C   CMYK 66-0-30-0   RGB 28-201-207
Gray                         CMYK 0-0-0-60    RGB 131-131-130
Ivan Sache, 15 December 2017


İstanbul Technical University


Flag of İTÜ - Image by Ivan Sache, 18 December 2017

İTÜ (website) originates in the Imperial School of Naval Engineering (Mühendishane-i Bahr-i Hümayun), established in 1773.
İTÜ is composed of 13 Faculties, 7 Institutes and 1 School. Among the achievements of İTÜ are Turkey's first cubical satellite (ITUpSAT1, 2009), first electric-powered minibus (2010), first hydrogen-powered boat (Martı, 2011), first self-made helicopter (ARIKOPTER, 2012) and first autonomous car (Oto-Mobil, 2012).

The flag of İTÜ (photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem in the center.

Ivan Sache, 18 December 2017

İstanbul University


Flag of İstanbul University - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 16 May 2018

İstanbul University (İstanbul Üniversitesi; website) is made of 20 Faculties, 3 Schools and 6 Vocational Higher Schools. Some 90,000 students are taught by 5,300 staff members. The university manages 12 campuses, the main of them being Beyaz─ıt-Central campus, whose monumental gate, built in 1864-1869, is the symbol of the university.
İstanbul University is considered to have been first established in 1453 by Sultan Mehmed II in Zeyrek and Hagia Sophia madrasahs. Among the first professors was the mathematician and astronomer Ali Qushji (1403-1474), the head of Samarkand observatory. In 1470, the two madrasahs were incorporated into the Fatih complex, which included a mosque, eight madrasahs, a library, an hospital and a guest-house. Mulla Khusraw (d. 1480) was the first head of the complex. In 1557, Suleyman the Magnificent commissioned the architect Mimar Sinan to build the Suleyman complex, a peak in the Ottoman architecture and education.
In the 19th century, the madrasahs, deemed obsolete, were replaced by institutes of higher education called darülfünun, which were the core of the modern İstanbul University. Recognized a State school on 21 April 1924, the university was reorganized on 1 August 1933. In the 1930s, the İstanbul University hired several German and Austrian scientists expelled from the Third Reich by anti-Jewish laws or for political reasons, such as the astronom Erwin Finlay-Freundlich (1885-1964), the botanist Alfred Heilbronn (1885-1961), the philologist Leo Spitzer (1887-1960), the mathematician Richard von Mises (1883-1953), the odontologist Alfred Kantorowicz (1880-1962), and the physician Friedrich Dessauer (1881-1963).

The flag of İstanbul University (photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem in the middle.

[Flag]         [Flag]

Additional flags of İstanbul University - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 16 May 2018

Ivan Sache & Tomislav Šipek, 16 May 2018

Marmara University


Flag of Marmara University - Image by Ivan Sache, 18 January 2018

İSÜ, established in 2015, is composed of 2 Faculties, 2 Institutes and 1 Vocational School.

Marmara University (website) originates in Hamidiye Ticaret Mekteb-i Âlisi, established on 15 January 1883. Affiliated on 21 September 1889 with the Ministry of Education, the school was closed in 1893 for a reform period, and eventually reopened on 15 October 1897. Renamed in 1959 İstanbul Economic and Commercial Sciences Academy, the school was transformed into the Marmara University in 1982.
Marmara University is composed of 17 Faculties, 11 Institutes, 4 Schools and 4 Vocational Schools.

The flag of Marmara University (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is white with the university's emblem.
Blue is prescribed as Pantone 541 C.

Ivan Sache, 18 January 2018

Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University

[Flag]         [Flag]

Flag of MSGSÜ, horizontal and vertical versions - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 16 May 2018

MSGSÜ was founded on January 1, 1882 as the School of Fine Arts (Mekteb-i Sanayi-i Nefise-i Şâhâne / Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi) by the renowned Turkish painter Osman Hamdi Bey (1842-1910), who was also an art historian, archeologist and museum curator. The institution, being the first of its kind in Turkey, took up education in fine arts and architecture on March 2, 1883 with 8 instructors and 20 students. The school was converted in 1928 to an academy, the first academy in Turkey, and its name was changed to Academy of Fine Arts (Güzel Sanatlar Akademisi). In 1969, it was renamed to İstanbul State Academy of Fine Arts (İstanbul Devlet Güzel Sanatlar Akademisi). On July 20, 1982, its status was changed, and the academy became a university named Mimar Sinan University (Mimar Sinan Üniversitesi) after the great Ottoman architect Sinan (1490-1588). Finally, in December 2003, the administration of the university changed its name to Mimar Sinan University of Fine Arts.
MSGSU is composed of 3 Faculties (Natural Sciences and Literature; Fine Arts; Architecture), 1 Conservatory and 1 Vocational School.

Sinan (biography) is considered the greatest Ottoman architect of the Ottoman Empire's architectural heritage. Sultan Suleyman (1520-1566) appointed him in 1537 head of the office of royal architects.
It is believed that Sinan's total works encompass over 360 structures which include 84 major mosques, 51 small mosques (mescit), 57 religious schools (medreses), 7 seminaries, 22 mausoleums (turbe) 17 care facility, 3 asylums, 7 aqueducts, 46 inns, 35 palaces and mansions and 42 public baths. His masterpieces are the Sehzade mosque, the Suleymaniye complex, and the Sokollu Mehmet Pasha mosque complex (İstanbul), and the Selimiye complex (Edirne).

Osman Hamdi was born in 1842 in İstanbul and his father was one of the top officials at the time, Grand Vizier Ethem Paşa. He played a significant role in the modernization and transformation process of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century and is known as a pioneer of painting in Turkey.
Osman Hamdi was also very famous in the field of museum management in Europe. As a painter he produced many works depicting places in Ottoman society. They almost serve as historical documents. A top official in Europe, the Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph, bought one of his paintings,” said Professor Fatma Ürekli, the head of Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University’s History Department.
The demands of Osman Hamdi, who was the director of Imperial Museum and the School of Fine Arts in the era of Sultan Abdulhamid II, were not rejected as much as possible because he was determined, hardworking, honest and decisive. He did not get involved in political affairs other than his own missions,” Ürekli added.
The School of Fine Arts, of which he was the director, led arts education in the Ottoman Empire for many years.
The test documents of people who will serve as teachers in different parts of the country were sent to the school. A commission led by Osman Hamdi evaluated the documents. He could be very harsh in his evaluations but he was in love with his mission,” Ürekli noted.
[Hürriyet Daily News, 2 March 2018]

The emblem of MSGSÜ, featuring an owl, was designed in 1978 by Abdullah Taşçı (b. 1945; biography). Graduated in 1972 at MSGSÜ Graphic Design), Taşçı taught at MSGSÜ (1982-1999), Maltepe University (200-2007) and Doğuş University (2007-). Taşçı designed several logos, posters and typefaces (for instance, the Tascinorm family).

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 19 May 2018

Yıldız Technical University

[Flag]         [Flag]

Flag of YTÜ, two versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 22 February 2018

YTÜ (website) originates in the Conductors (Technicians) School of Higher Education (Kondüktör Mekteb-i Âlisi), established in 1911. Affiliated with the Ministry of Public Works, the school was renamed to School of Public Works (Nafia Fen Mektebi) in 1922.
Law No. 3,074, published on 19 December 1936, closed the school and established the İstanbul Technical School, which was transferred on 26 September 1941 to the Ministry of Education. In 1969, Law No. 1,472 affiliated the engineering schools to the İstanbul State Engineering and Architectural Academy.
Yıldız University was eventually established in 1982 as the merger of the İstanbul State Engineering and Architectural Academy and affiliated schools of engineering and the related faculties and departments of the Kocaeli State Engineering and Architecture Academy and the Kocaeli Vocational School. The university was renamed to YTÜ in 1992.
YTÜ is composed of 9 Faculties, 2 Institutes and 3 Vocational Schools.

The flag of YTÜ (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is dark blue with the university's emblem. The flag is/was also used with a lighter background (photo, photo, photo, photo).

Ivan Sache, 22 February 2018