Last modified: 2018-04-25 by ivan sache
Keywords: tekirdag |
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Flag of Tekirdağ, horizontal and vertical versions - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 31 December 2017
The flag of Tekirdağ, used horizontally (photo, photo) or vertically (photo), is white with the municipality's emblem. "T.C." stands for "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti", "Republic of Turkey"; "Büyükşehir Belediyesi" means "Metropolitan Municipality".
Tomislav Šipek, 31 December 2017
Flag of TESKİ - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 1 February 2018
The flag of TESKİ (photo) is white with the administration's logo.
Tomislav Šipek, 1 February 2018
Flag of Namık Kemal University, current and former versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 23 January 2018, and Randy Young, 12 January 2016, respectively
Namık Kemal University (Namık Kemal Üniversitesi - NKÜ; website) was founded in 2006. NKÜ is composed of 10 Faculties, 3 Schools, 10 Vocational Schools, 3 Institutes and 1 Conservatory.
The university is named for Tekirdağ-born poet Namık Kemal (1840-1888; biography). Nicknamed "the Poet of the Homeland", Kemal was a pioneer of the Turkish nationalism and a prominent member of the Young Turks movement.
Namık Kemal was born in 1840. His real name was Mehmet Kemal but he used the pen names Ahmet Nafiz, Hitam-ı Acemi, and Sabir. Kemal came from a prominent family, and as a youngster he took Arabic, Persian and history lessons. As an adult, he worked as a state official and held many important positions. Kemal moved to Istanbul and met Şinasi, who was one of the illustrious literary and political figures of the time. Namık Kemal joined the staff of Şinasi's newspaper Tasvir-i Efkâr, who upon moving to Paris handed the publication over to Kemal.
Kemal was soon sentenced to exile by the Ottoman government because of the paper's critical coverage of the government and escaped to Paris in 1867. In 1868, he began publishing the newspaper Hürriyet in London, and continued his support for political freedoms in the Ottoman Empire. He eventually parted ways with fellow intellectuals at this paper and decided to move back to Istanbul upon the invitation of the Ottoman grand Vizier. Namık Kemal returned to Istanbul in 1871 and resumed his career at the Diyojen, but he never published under his real name again. In 1872, Kemal was forced to leave Istanbul for Gelibolu (Gallipoli) where he published his newspaper İbret, and sought solutions to the various troubles that the country was experiencing.
Namık Kemal’s national fame came to him with his dramatic play Vatan Yahut Silistre. The play was a call for patriotism and freedom and had just that impact on audiences throughout the Empire. When Namık Kemal returned to Istanbul, excited and enthusiastic masses paid visits to the office of his newspaper İbret, much to the discontentment of the government of the period. İbret was closed for an indeterminate time, and Kemal was again sent on exile to Famagusta for 38 months. Following the demise of the government during the coup of 1876, he returned to Istanbul to become the first Turkish literary figure to deal with modern concepts such as individual freedom and nationhood.
Rather than focusing on the ideal state, Namık Kemal draws the portrait of an ideal human being, and concentrates on the issue “what kind of an individual should one be.” Namık Kemal maintains that the individual must follow ideals and personally struggle to attain freedom, progress and development. His drama was an appeal to personal responsibility, demanding that "the people" rise to the challenge to secure their freedom. His eulogy to "Hürriyet" (Freedom) contains seven essential concepts; the individual and his personal attributes, love of motherland and the defense of its territorial and political integrity, freedom and the fight for freedom, reverence to ideals, the need of a national history, the current state of the homeland, and the portrait of a new and ideal human being or individual.
Kemal managed to unify his political struggle with his prolific literary career, and during his short life he made valuable contributions for the improvement of the political structure of the Ottoman government.
Namık Kemal died on 2 December 1888 on the island of Chios.
[Turkish Culutral Foundation]
The flag of NKÜ (photo,
photo) is white with the university's emblem.
According to Rector Osman Şimşek, the old emblem caused trouble in color printing. The new logo, based on the Golden Number, represents sunflower, the main crop in Tekirdağ, charged in the center with a Seljuk star.
[Tekirdağ Son Haber, undated]
The former flag of NKÜ (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) was orange with the university's former emblem. The flag of the School of Physical Education and Sports (photo) was similar in design, but with appropriate wording.
Esteban Rivera & Ivan Sache, 23 January 2018