Last modified: 2022-10-22 by peter hans van den muijzenberg
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Black, yellow, red are the colours of the Uganda People's Congress party,
who came to power in elections in April 1962. The flag was adopted at independence
on 09 October 1962. To quote Whitney Smith ("Spectrum
Vlaggenboek", 1975): "The three colours were intended to symbolise
the people of Africa, sunshine and brotherhood. The design was made by
the Minister of Justice, Mr Grace Ibingira." The crested crane was also the
flag badge of Uganda under British colonial rule.
Dylan Crawfoot, 22 Oct 1999
I spoke to Grace Ibingira and he told me he designed
the Ugandan flag (he was first and foremost an artist). It was the second
of two designs.
Tomas Zamudio, 25 Feb 2003
Is current central roundel of the Uganda flag the same as that in the fly of
a blue (or red?) ensign of the colonial flag?
António Martins, 24 Oct 1999
I'm not sure if it was the exact same design, but there's no reason
why it wouldn't have been. Smith says the crested crane "first appeared
in the colonial badge of Uganda under British rule", and Crampton simply
says (in talking about the origins of the coat of arms) that the crane
was the former flag-badge.
Dylan Crawfoot, 25 Oct 1999
Uganda in Album2000: National Flag.
Six striped flag of black-yellow-red-black-yellow-red with a crested crane in full colour in a white disk in the middle.
Željko Heimer, 29 Aug 2002
Various sources (i.e. [zna99], [smi75b],
[cra90] and the Shipmate Flagchart 2000
) show the disk slightly smaller so that it
does not touch the yellow stripes.
Jarig Bakker, 05 Sep 2002
image from Graham Bartram's website (Click on image for a better view)
On Graham Bartram's website
is the Ugandan national flag with the usual proportions, but the disk is
not touching the yellow stripes. Moreover there is a big cut-out of the
Jarig Bakker, 09 Oct 2002
An article to commemorate Uganda's independence day (not dated) in the New
at also claims that the Ugandan flag was designed by Grace Ibingira, the then
Minister of Justice, but further (8th paragraph) it
states: "The flag, designed by Cecil Todd, and the coat of arms remain as they
were 45 years ago."
The Ugandan National Flag and Armorial Ensigns Act 1962 (Ch 254) is available online here and the Presidential Standard Act 1963 (Ch 265) is available here.
Željko Heimer, 11 Feb 2012
On the 50th anniversary of
independence and adoption of the flag, the Uganda National Bureau of Standards (UNBS)
has published the Uganda Flag Standard (FDUG 1) with official specification for
the national flag. A pdf copy is available at the World Trade Organization
Unfortunately, the document does not specify the colours of the flag beyond the "black," "yellow," "red," and "white" mentioned in the National Flag and Armorial Ensigns Act. In addition, the document does not specify how the crested crane/grey crowned crane should be constructed or illustrated. It simply states that the crane shall stand on one leg and face the flagpole (hoist).
The document is a guide for the manufacture of the flag. It deals with the quality of the materials used and, the workmanship during the manufacturing process.
Andy S, 02 Nov 2012
The protocol manual for the London 2012 Olympics
(Flags and Anthems Manual, London, 2012 [bib-lna.html])
provides recommendations for national flag designs. Each National Olympic
Committee was sent an image of their flag, including the PMS shades, by the
London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games (LOCOG) for their approval.
Once this was obtained, the LOCOG produced a 60 x 90 cm version of the flag for
further approval. So, while these specifications may not be the official,
government, version of each flag, they are certainly what the National Olympic
Committee believed their flag to be.
For Uganda : PMS 109 yellow, 032 red, 430 grey and black. The vertical flag is simply the horizontal version turned 90 degrees clockwise.
Ian Sumner, 10 Oct 2012
The supporters on either side of the coat of arms are the Ugandan Kob
representing the wildlife of Uganda and the Crested Crane, the emblem for
Uganda. The drum represents Uganda's culture. It was once the belief that drums
could scare away evil spirits. A drum chain can be used to transmit messages
over a distance of 100 miles in less than one hour. The spears and shield are representative of Uganda's traditional form
of weapons and symbolise the nation's defence and security.
The motto reads: "For God and My Country".
Info from this site.
Dov Gutterman, 06 Feb 2000
The government of Uganda officially asked the government of Saudi Arabia
assistance in the return of the national symbols of Uganda. When Amin was
expelled from Uganda by the Tanzanian army and Ugandan soldiers in rebellion,
he fled to Saudi Arabia. He took with him the originals of the national
flag, emblem and coat of arms, which had been granted to the new country
by the British colonial Governor in October 1962 for the independence.
It is possible that Amin's children sold the symbols after their father's
death in 2003.
Source: the Chinese agency Xinhua (16 January 2005) (in French).
Ivan Sache, 20 Jan 2005
This is the provisional Ugandan flag (Mar 1962 - 09 Oct 1962). The flag was
adopted by the ruling party to be the national flag and was hoisted unofficially.
However, the Congress Party won the elections, and a new design
based on their colours was adopted and became the current national flag.