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Naval Flags of Uruguay

Armada Nacional

Last modified: 2015-07-11 by francisco gregoric
Keywords: navy | armada nacional | jack | sun: 8 rays | sun: 16 rays | tupamaros | desacration | navy aviation | aviacion naval | roundel | fin flash |
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Naval Jack (used also as Navy's Flag)

[Navy Jack of Uruguay]
by Željko Heimer, 20 Jul 2003

I have just spoken with the Uruguayan embassy, and a secretary spoke with the naval attaché and confirmed that their "navy flag" is white with a blue diagonal cross and their sun-symbol at the crossing.
John Ayer, 10 Feb 1998

The somewhat recently readopted jack is a white saltire with the sun of Uruguay in the center. This flag replaces the majestic Artigas banner of Uruguayan history; however, this jack has a history with the Uruguayan Navy. Gordon [gor24] describes this flag as "practically the Russian ensign with a sun in the center". Therefore, this apparently new design is merely a return to quite possibly the original jack.
Calvin Paige Herring, 11 Jun 1998

The sun in the Uruguayan jack is not the same as that used on the national flag, it is more circular shaped.
Calvin Paige Herring, 09 Jul 1998, and Armand Noel du Payrat, 12 Jun 1998

The naval jack is also used on land to represent the Urugayan Navy. The design of the naval jack, as a shield, is incorporated into the naval coat-of-arms.
Miles Li, 16 Oct 2002

The present day jack was re-introduced in the 1990s. The blue saltire cross, looks like the "Saint Andrew Cross", but is not the same thing... The sun is the original and ancient (Uruguayan) sun.
Jorge Lorenzo, 18 Feb 2003

Jack ratio: 2:3
White flag with blue saltire and s yellow sun in the middle. The sun is of somewhat diferent type then the one in the national flag, i.e.
of the pattern that was used previously in the national flag too. Source: Album 2000 [pay00]
Željko Heimer, 20 Jul 2003

The Uruguayan Navy Jack is also used as the Navy's flag. It is used in Navy offices, and buildings, and squares.
Francisco Gregoric, 1 Aug 2004

Previous Naval Jack

[Previous Naval Jack]
by Željko Heimer, 9 Jul 2004

Perhaps the reversion is motived by the adoption, in the near argentine province of Entre Ríos, of a flag in the same pattern as the [old] Uruguayan Jack.
Jaume Ollé, 15 Feb 1998

I do not know when Uruguay changed her jack, but I can tell you why: because the Tupamaros used the Artigas flag as their symbol, [something considered to be] a shameful and blasphemous profanation of the emblem of José Gervasio Artigas, National Hero of the Oriental Republic.
Juan Morales, 08 Jun 1998

In a recent visit of the spanish Kings to Uruguay, the Artigas flag, the national flag and the 33 Orientales flag shown togheter (as usual) in official acts and military parades. If profanation exists then why the flag is still used?
Jaume Ollé, 10 Jun 1998

The Navy Jack was changed only for historical reasons (going back to the original jack with the original sun over the saltire cross). The change was neither for similarity with Entre Rios flag nor because the Tupamaros used this symbol. Early in the 1980s, the jack was a flag in soft blue with a centered map of the country and territorial waters. Luckily, it was changed in the middle 1980s to the Artigas' Flag. This one was used during the major part of the 20th Century. The present day jack was re-introduced in the 1990s. The blue saltire cross, looks like the "Saint Andrew Cross", but is not the same thing.... The sun is the original and ancient (Uruguayan) sun.
Jorge Lorenzo, 18 Feb 2003

Jack ratio: 3:4
The blue-white-blue triband with a red falling diagonal overall. The width of the diagonal is equal as the width of the stripes, i.e. 1/3
of the hoist. Source: Flaggenbuch 1939 [neu39].
Željko Heimer, 9 Jul 2004

Naval Jack in 1929

[Navy Jack 1929]
by Željko Heimer, 12 Jul 2004

Jack. 5:6
A white flag with blue saltire and the sun in the middle on a white disk. Basically similar to the modern jack, but it appears that the red diagonal jack was used inbetween. Source: Flaggenbuch 1929 [d9e29]
Željko Heimer, 12 Jul 2004

Naval Jack in 1905

[Naval Jack in 1905]
by António Martins and Željko Heimer, 22 Jun 1998

I think that the new reported Urguayan Jack is the same that appear in Flaggenbuch 1905 [ruh05] but is little different: The centre of the diagonal cross is white and then the four arms don't touch the sun. I assume that the 3:4 is the correct ratio.
Jaume Ollé, 15 Feb 1998

These images show the naval jack, as of 1905, in use in ships: in a painting and in a black and white photo. The ratio looks more like 2:3...
António Martins-Tuválkin, 05 Jan 2002

The sun of the 1905 naval jack, must have had a different design.
Francisco Gregoric, 05 Aug 2004

Navy Aviation Roundel

[Navy Aviation Roundel]
by Francisco Gregoric, 31 Jan 2004

Uruguayan Navy planes use the same roundel than the Air Force.
by Francisco Gregoric, 31 Jan 2004

The Aviación Naval Uruguaya was formed in 1920 and it has used the same roundel and an anchor and inscription ARMADA (Navy).
Dov Gutterman, 28 Jun 2004

[Navy Aviation Symbol]
by Željko Heimer, 20 Jul 2003

The Navy Aircraft (use two kind of) Markings. One: Blue-white-blue roundel with red diagonal stripe. Two: blue fouled anchor topped with a yellow sun (sun as in the jack).
Željko Heimer, 20 Jul 2003

A similar anchor with a sun appears in the military hats of the Uruguayan Navy.
Francisco Gregoric, 6 Aug 2004

Navy Aviation Fin Flash

(On Navy planes) the national flag is painted on the fin.
Željko Heimer, 20 Jul 2003

Navy planes use the Pabellon Nacional (Uruguayan National Flag) as fin flash instead of the Artigas' Flag used by the Air Force.
Francisco Gregoric, 31 Jan 2004

Other sites with pictures of real Navy Aviation planes showing roundels and fin flash:

Naval Academy (Escuela Naval)

[Escuela Naval flag]
image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 30 Sep 2006

In the website of the Uruguayan Navy there was information about the the flag of the Naval Academy and itsr description. This page, sadly not on line anymore, used to say:

    La bandera de la Escuela Naval reproduce en todo su paño el campo del escudo de armas con los blasones correspondientes, suprimidos los ornamentos exteriores.

    Sobre campo de azur con bordura de plata, carga un ancla con calabrote surmontada por un sol heráldico, ambas piezas de oro.

    Consiste en un rectángulo cuya relación de vuelo con la vaina es de 3 a 2. El ancho de la bordura es la décima parte de la vaina y el punto central del sol se encuentra en el centro de la mitad superior, estando constituido por un círculo de un diámetro igual a 1/10 del vuelo de la bandera. Los rayos del sol están conformados por 8 puntas, resultantes de la superposición de dos cuadrados, el primero con sus lados paralelos a la vaina y el otro rotado 45 grados respecto a éste. Los extremos de los rayos están inscriptos en una circunferencia cuyo diámetro es la 8va. parte del vuelo de la bandera.

    La cabeza del ancla se encuentra en el corazón de la bandera y la cruz en el centro de la mitad inferior.
Jorge Lorenzo, 18 Feb 2003

Construction sheet

[Escuela Naval flag construction sheet]
image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 30 Sep 2006

Marine Corps (Cuerpo de Fusileros Navales)

[Cuerpo de Fusileros Navales flag]
image by Ivan Sache, 30 May 2010

The flag of the fusileros navales (marines) of Uruguay can be seen in the Navy website with explanations in Spanish.
Olivier Touzeau, 28 Dec 2008

The Marine Corps ("Cuerpo de Fusileros Navales") of the Uruguyan Armed Forces was created on 7 March 1972 by Presidential Decree No. 25065.

The flag of the Marine Corps is in proportions 4:5, black with a red border, charged with a yellow fouled anchor and rifle crossed per saltire. The flag is a banner of the arms of the Marine Corps, crest and scroll excluded. The red border means that the Marine Corps is a unit of the Line. Red is the colour of warriors, representing courage, value and victory obtained with blood. The black field represents obedience and rigor. The emblem represents the identity of the Corps, merging its two elements - the naval anchor and the infantry rifle, interlaced with a cable representing the sea - into a single charge.
Ivan Sache 30 May 2010

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