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Ecuador - Regions and Provinces

Last modified: 2021-08-26 by klaus-michael schneider
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Provincial Flags

Data on the provincial flags of Ecuador is quite insecure, and I seem to have problems even with the numbers of provinces. My encyclopedia from 1969 claims that there are 17, W. Smith has 19 and my atlas also from 1969 and from the same publishing house has 19. All of them agree that there is additionally one territory - Galapagos Islands or Archipelago Colon, as they call it. Since Ecuador has a quite unstable history, this is certainly why. Even the flags of the provinces are not the same in all sources. W. Smith gives 19 flags, but 11 of them he gives as uncertain. Jaume Olle has on his pages 13 provincial flags, but with one exception (Guayas) all are different from Smith's images.
[Note : Since then, two additional province (Sucumbíos and Orellana (since July 20, 1998)) has been added, and Galapagos has also been named a province, so that there are now 22 provinces in 4 regions.]
One more thing, W. Smith claims (but doesn't gives an image) that there is a special flag used on provincial government buildings, that have a ring of stars. How many stars there are? Is Galapagos included? What kind of stars they are? A white five-pointed flag seems to be natural conclusion. But are they pointed up, as on EU flag or outwards as on Cook Islands? And are they all in the blue field, like in Venezuelan flag?
Željko Heimer
, 15 July 1996

There should be soon a new province in Ecuador, following the secession of the peninsula of Santa Elena (Cantons of Libertad, Salinas and Santa Elena  from the Province of Guayas to form the Province of Santa Elena. According to "La Hora", 3 October 2007, the National Congress has approved the creation of the new Province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas (68 "yes" out of 71 voters), by secession from the Province of Pichinca. The capital of the new province shall be Santo Domingo de los Colorados.
Ivan Sache, 28 October 2007

List of Regions and Provinces

List of Provinces in Alphabetical Order

Erroneously Reported Flags (?)

Editorial note : There has been a lot of confusion surrounding these flags. The various pages show the provincial flags as reported by Jaume on 8 September 1996, as well as those previously erroneously reported flags. Even W. Smith apparently reported wrong designs.

Jaume Olle reported:
The provincial flag history of Ecuador is very complicated because there exists in each province dozens of district flags (many of them similar to the provincial one) and many times the sources (generally not expert vexillologists) are wrong. Only when the Colombian vexillologist Restrepo Uribe went to Ecuador (where he currently lives) did it become possible to know the exact design of the provincial flags and shields.
I edited two years ago some pages in Spanish with this explanation, but Željko Heimer read it and did not understand, and redrew the images and posted them to the list as if they were correct. Mario explained recently the possibility that one proposal was confused with an official design, and the flags of my pages were pending confirmation from the people, and they were not sure (this warning was unfortunately only in Spanish).
Nearly all the flags posted probably existed (one or two at least are surely wrong), but they are of undetermined districts.
In the recent XI Spanish Congress in Cuenca I saw a poster edited in Ecuador in the 70s with the images of flags exactly as I posted.
Jaume Olle, 13 November 1996

Some of those "wrong" flags had been on Ecuadorian postage stamps (which not always proves that they were correct) and also on (official?) Ecuadorian charts. Manabí's flag had, for example, first a row of three stars, later four, then a ring of ten stars and now of twelve. Loja's flag had no stars in the beginning.
Ralf Stelter, 23 May 1999

There should be done some more investigation, as many flags which are marked "incorrect" have even been on Ecuadorian postage stamps and on photographs, or are known predecessors of today's flags. So most incorrect flags may have been correct once, and the flags labeled "correct" should be relabeled "actual".
Ralf Stelter, 26 January 2001