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Yorkshire (England)

Last modified: 2020-07-04 by rob raeside
Keywords: yorkshire | york | rose | dewbury | hull |
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[Flag of Yorkshire] image by Jason Saber, 6 July 2009

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The Yorkshire flag

The Flag Registry describes the flag as "Traditional design, registered by County Organization", the organization presumably being the Yorkshire Riding Society. Both the picture and Graham Bartram's comment about the Lancastrian flag confirm that the orientation of the rose favoured by the YRS has been registered, so the rose sits on a point and three of the lines between petals form a 'Y'.
Jonathan Dixon, 31 July 2008

My understanding was always that the Yorkshire rose 'sat' on two point not one - therefore Ken Bagnall's flag is upside down.
Richard Carter, 20 April 2003

Well, there is certainly some kind of 'urban legend' that a Yorkshire rose rests on one point, so that (some of) the lines between the petals form a letter Y for Yorkshire. I've never been able to trace the origins of this. Certainly, all the roses in the arms of the three Ridings are 'conventional' with the roses resting on two points. However, the roses on the Yorkshire Ridings Society (self-appointed guardians of Yorkshire heritage) do have the roses resting on one point on their home page at
Ian Sumner, 21 April 2003

The Yorkshire Rose traditionally rests on one point, two petals, this can be seen in the Coats of arms of some Yorkshire towns e.g., the Castleford coat of arms clearly shows the rose with one point down.
Matthew Newbould, 3 September 2005

Just another one for the "Which way up is the rose" debate - on the M62, at the border of Yorkshire and Lancashire, there are each counties roses welcoming you into their county. The Yorkshire rose sits on one point, the Lancashire one sits on two.
Richard Webb, 7 January 2006

What is the correct standing of the Yorkshire rose? Matthew Newbould quotes Castleford's arms (rose on point), yet clearly ignores Knottingley's arms (rose on side) and Doncaster's (one in each position). I have never seen anything which states which is historically most correct and have seen many inconsistent stained glass windows, coats of arms, etc.
White and Red roses are nearly always offset when combined in the Tudor rose and the modern Tudor rose is seated on a side (e.g., Queen's Tudor rose on the 20p piece). Hence the contemporary white rose is shown sitting on its point (e.g., Yorkshire tourist board, Yorkshire Regiment) and red rose on its side, agreeing with Richard Webb's M62 report. Just to confuse it, I got this odd picture of a so called "union rose" from Google.
David Clegg, 11 May 2006

I noticed blue pennants being used on the Bridlington lifeboat. I wondered at the time whether they were connected with the fact that the lifeboat was being launched from a carriage - i.e. pulled across the beach and into the sea by a caterpillar-tracked tractor until it was in sufficient depth of water to float away. The pennants could have been some sort of hazard warning, or an indicator of width during the manoeuvre. However, a quick Google has revealed the truth: see this image and  this image. They are Yorkshire roses in pennant form!
André Coutanche, 9 December 2006

I have had this explained to me by more than one Yorkshireman, that one of the advantages of the flag as they see it is precisely that it can be flown upside down. It would seem to work either way and that it depends from where in Yorkshire you come from according to which way up it is supposed to be.
Colin Dobson, 1 August 2008

According to,
"In the past this has been a dark blue background but more recently a light blue background has become fairly common.
According to the College of Heralds, the heraldic rose can be used with a petal at the top or with a sepal at the top. In Yorkshire there is a tradition of using the rose with a petal at the top in the North Riding and the West Riding but with a sepal at the top in the East Riding."
Eugene Ipavec, 13 February 2009

Flag Type: County Flag
Flag Date: 1965 or ealier
Flag Designer: Yorkshire Ridings Society
Adoption Route: Traditional design, registered by County Organisation
UK Design Code: UNKG7415
Aspect Ratio: 3:5
Pantone® Colours: Blue 300, White, Cream 617, Green 368/370, Yellow 109/116
Valentin Poposki, 2 July 2020

The Rose

The White Rose has been a symbol of Yorkshire since the War of the Roses between Lancaster and York in the 1400's. The Yorkists of the time were represented by the white rose.
Patrick Costa, 27 July 2001

On August 1st, 1759, soldiers from Yorkshire regiments who had fought in the battle of Minden, in Germany, picked white roses from bushes near to the battlefields as a tribute to their fallen comrades. Since that time the white rose has become the symbol of Yorkshire and is proudly worn by Yorkshiremen and women on Yorkshire Day (August 1).
David Stretton, 9 July 2001

I have been trying to verify the why, when, and how the White Rose was adopted as a county badge for the county of Yorkshire. I note with interest your proposition that it dates from the battle of Minden 1759, can this be verified in any way please. I had started to wonder if it was actually simply a fable as the heraldic links with the Wars of the Roses never was a real contender for all the reasons I am sure you are well aware of.
Richard Hayton, 20 February 2002

In UK heraldry, if I am not mistaken, a "house" (i.e., a family and its retainers and servants and distant relatives and whatnot) has not only various coats of arms but a "badge". For a royal house (or would-be-royal house) the badge can extend to the entire country, such as the Scottish thistle or Irish shamrock, Welsh leek. Somehow the House of York (a subdivision of the British - then English-only - royal house) acquired a white rose as its badge (it does not, I don't think, appear on any coat of arms) and the House of Lancaster had a red rose. Hence their internecine wars were called the "Wars of the Roses". When the dust settled at the end of the wars the badges were merged into the "Tudor rose" which serves as the badge of England 

The two houses, Lancaster and York, no longer exist (do they?). Now the question here, as I understand it, is how the family badge of the house of York became the county badge of Yorkshire. To me the reason is obvious; Yorkshire simply adopted it from the family badge. As to the date and manner of the adoption, indeed whether it was an official act with an actual date or a gradual act over time, is an interesting question.
Al Kirsch, 20 February 2002

The Houses of York and Lancaster still exist in that they are subsumed into the House of Windsor. HM The Queen is Duke of Lancaster and HRH Prince Andrew is Duke of York. The badge of York Herald is a white rose "en soleil" (i.e., with a sunburst behind it).
Graham Bartram, 20 February 2002 

Legality of the Flag

According to the Times Online, it is now legal to fly the flag of Yorkshire [without special planning permission].
Chrystian Kretowicz, 30 July 2008

[Editor's note: this article refers to the inclusion of the flag of Yorkshire in the UK Flag Registry.]

The Yorkshire Ridings Society were the prime mover behind this. However, as the extensive media coverage made clear, it was also endorsed by the Lord Mayor of Hull and Admiral of the Humber and other local representatives. In the media coverage, the YRS cited the case of the Ryedale farmer who was summonsed, but not prosecuted, for flying the Yorkshire flag and that this was one of the reasons why this flag needed to be legalised. However, what was not pointed out by them, nor by the many journalists who covered this issue yesterday was that event occurred in 2003 - a full five years ago, so it was hardly a current example. Moreover, that was when the 1992 regulations applied and not the 2007 regulations, which permitted the flying of county flags, so the council concerned were well within their rights to address the issue. Insofar as I am aware, there hasn't been a testing of the 2007 regulations in England.
Colin Dobson, 31 July 2008

Another Yorkshire flag

[Flag of Yorkshire] image located by Chrystian Kretowicz, 13 February 2009


Based on a story in the Hemsworth and South Elmsall Express:

"South Kirkby and Moorthorpe Town Council designed and commissioned the flag to include the Yorkshire Rose and three coats of arms representing North, East and West Riding – the areas which made up Yorkshire before it was made into four divisions.
The flag has the three coats of arms from North, East and West Riding. "We designed it in a Y shape with the Yorkshire rose in the middle. Red, white and blue were chosen as the colours because they represent Britain. I see this as the proper Yorkshire flag – I wouldn't walk behind the other one."
Chrystian Kretowicz, 13 February 2009

South Yorkshire

[Flag of Yorkshire] image located by JerrytheGerman, 18 May 2008


The flag shown here is marketed by a camping equipment and adventure travel company, and its status as an official flag of the region is uncertain.
Rob Raeside, 18 May 2008