Last modified: 2020-03-07 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | state | coat of arms | unofficial (flags) | white (background) | municipality | ethnic |
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Note by the editor: The names of the pages for the states and Mexico City are composed as mx-xx.html, in which xx is a personal two-letter code based on the National Population Registry, ISO 3166 for Mexico and ISO 3166-2:MX from Wikipedia. Images of states and Mexico city are named mx-xx.gif, municipality pages and images are named mx-xx-yy in which yy are, when possible, the first two letters of the municipality's name.
|State||Code used in FOTW||Order, decree, rule or law||Promulgated||Published||In force|
|Baja California Sur||bs||Decree 2513
Ley de Símbolos y Protocolos Oficiales del Estado de Baja California Sur
|14 December 2017||31 December 2017||1 January 2018|
|Campeche||cm||Decree number 180
Ley reglamentaria del artículo 5.o de la Constitución Política del Estado de Campeche (1)
|28 October 2008||12 November 20008||13 November 2008|
|Chihuahua||ch||Decree number 533/2014
mediante el cual se adiciona un artículo 9o bis a la Ley del Himno del Estado de Chihuahua ¶
|4 September 2014||1 November 2014||4 September 2014|
|Coahuila de Zaragoza||co||Decree number 383
Ley sobre el Escudo del Estado de Coahuila y el Himno Coahuilense (1)
|8 April 2005||20 May 2005||20 May 2005|
Por el que se adiciona un resolutivo octavo al Decreto 122 por el que se adopta como Escudo Oficial del Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima, publicado en el periódico oficial "El Estado de Colima" el 13 de agosto de 2016. (1)
|22 February 2018||23 February 2018||24 February 2018|
Ley sobre el Escudo, Bandera e Himno del Estado de Durango
|Unknown date||9 March 2014||10 March 2014|
|Guerrero||gr||Law number 761 on
Símbolos de identidad y pertenencia del Estado de Guerrero
|31 July 2018||31 July 2018||30 August 2018|
|Jalisco||jc||Decree number 21821/LVII/07
Ley sobre el Escudo, Bandera e Himno del Estado de Jalisco †
|7 February 2007 †||22 February 2007 †||22 February 2008 †|
|Decree number 23121/LIX/10
Ley de los Símbolos Oficiales del Estado de Jalisco
|23 July 2010||7 August 2010||8 August 2010|
|Mexico City (2)||cx|
|Michoacan de Ocampo||mi|
|Queretaro||qt||Ley del Escudo, la Bandera y el Himno del Estdo de Queréro||2 September 2015||21 September 2015||22 September 2015|
|Quintana Roo||qr||Decree number 315 by which the
Ley sobre la Bandera del Estado de Quintana Roo
|13 August 2013||6 September 2013||6 September 2013|
|San Luis Potosi||sl|
|State of Mexico (3)||em|
Mediante el cual se reforman el nombre de los capítulos tercero y cuarto; los artículos 1, 2 párrafo primero, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10 párrafo primero, 11, 13, 14 párrafo único y las fracciones IV y V, 15, 16 párrafo primero, 17, 18, 23 Y 33; y la denominación de la Ley del Escudo de armas y del Himno de Tamaulipas (1)
|14 December 2011||15 December 2011||16 December 2011|
|Tlaxcala||tl||Decree number 305
Por el que se impulsa, incentiva y fomenta la cultura patriótica en el Estado de Tlaxcala
|29 December 2016||30 December 2016||1 January 2017|
|Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave||ve|
1 Offcially stated as armorial flag.
2 Mexico City is the country'capital city. Until 26 January 2016 was known as Federal District [Distrito Federal].
3 The short-form name of the Free and Sovereing State of Mexico is State of Mexico [Estado de México].
¶ Since 21 February 2016, the law is called Ley del Himno y el Escudo del Estado de Chihuahua according decree number 1241-2015 I published on 20 February 2016.
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 12 December 2019.
Mexico is divided into 31 states and 1 autonomous city (Mexico City) formerly known as Federal District (Distrito Federal). Each state is divided into municipalities (municipios), which summ up 2 458 (2019). Mexico City is divided in 16 municipalities as well, locally named alcaldías. Though all of them have a coat of arms, badge or seal, just few have a distinctive flag. Nor Mexico City nor any of its 16 municipalities have officialy adopted distinctive flags. After most of the states, some municipalities fly a white background charged with the corresponding coat of arms in the center of the field. It is unknown the exact number of municipalities have adopted a distinctive flag.
In front of the facade of the former official residence of the President of the United Mexican States, popularly known as Los Pinos (The Pinetrees) there were flags each representing a state and the Federal District. Those flaga were white charged with the relevant coat of arms.
Most states had opted to use as a de facto flag consisting of a white cloth charged with the state arms. Such flags are used in public buildings, official acts, official inter-state meetings, sporting events, and so on.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 12 December 2019.
There's a significant Mexican population in this part of
the U.S., and I occasionally see automobiles with bumper stickers
consisting of the Mexican (national) flag and the name of a
"Chihuahua", etc.), presumably indicating
the driver's loyalty or nostalgia for his home state. None of
these stickers ever displays a flag other than the national flag.
Bruce Tindall, 22 Jan 1997
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, May 06, 2001.
Another report refers that these very same state coats of arms are
used in the central panel of a Mexican tricolor, mainly for tourist
purposes (some reports refer it’s exogenous usage, especially
in border line US locations).
António Martins, 22 Jun 1999
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