- See ‘Daimyo flags 1)’ and its following notes.
Uma Jirushi/Personal Flag of Houjou Ujiyasu 1516 1571, Japan (fotw)
- 1) (v) To remove a regimental, unit, service or national colour (or occasionally a parade flag),
usually with the appropriate ceremony, from its protective case (see also
‘case(d)’ and ‘dislodging’).
2) (adj) The term used when a regimental, unit or national colour (or occasionally a
parade flag) has been removed from its case (see also
‘parade flag 2)’ and ‘unfurl(ed)’).
- (adj) The term used to describe a flag which may (and sometimes does)
carry authorized additions, but in this case is seen without any such
additions (see also blue ensign’,
‘defaced’, red ensign’
and template flag’).
Undefaced - Reserve Ensign, India; Defaced -
former Government Ensign, India (fotw); Undefaced Reserve Ensign, UK, Defaced
Department of Transport, UK (fotw)
- In heraldry see wavy.
Flag of Amur, Russia (fotw)
- UNDY (or UNDE)
- Alternative heraldic terms for wavy - see ‘wavy’ (also ‘nebuly’).
Flag and Arms of L’Aldea, Spain (fotw
& official website)
- UNEQUAL BICOLOUR (or UNEVEN BICOLOUR)
- Alternative terms that may be used when a bicolour is composed of stripes whose widths are not equal but see ‘bicolor 1)’.
National Flag of Portugal (fotw); National Flag of
- UNEQUAL TRIBAND (or UNEVEN TRIBAND)
- Alternative terms that may be used when a triband is composed of stripes whose widths are not equal – but see
the note below and ‘triband 1)’ with its following note b) (also ‘Canadian pale’,
and ‘unequal tricolor’ below).
National Flag of Laos (fotw);
Flag of Albrechtice nad Orlicν, Czechia (fotw);
Flag of Brantford, Canada (fotw)
Please note that a triband having a single stripe which is narrower than one-third of its width (as on
that of the Dniestr Republic illustrated below) may also (and perhaps should) be considered as a plain flag bearing such a stripe.
Civil Flag of The Dniestr Republic (fotw)
- UNEQUAL TRICOLOUR (or UNEVEN TRICOLOUR)
- Alternative terms that may be used when a tricolour is composed of stripes whose widths are not equal – but see
‘tricolour 1)’ and its note c) following (also ‘unequal triband’
Civil Flag of Ecuador (fotw); Flag of Albrechtičky, Czech
Republic (fotw); Flag of Čechtνn, Czechia (fotw)
- 1) (v & adj) Generically, to hoist, break out or show (or to have hoisted, broken out or shown) a flag (or flags) that have not been
displayed until that moment (see also ‘break a flag’ and
- 2) (v & adj) To unwind (or to have completed the unwinding of) a colour or parade flag from its staff after it has been uncased
(see also ‘colour 2)’,
‘parade flag 2)’ and
- UNICOLOUR/UNICOLOURED (or UNICOLOUR/UNICOLORED)
- See ‘monocolour’.
National flag of Libya 1977 - 2011 (fotw);
Flag of Partido de la Sierra en Tobalina, Spain (fotw)
- See ‘heraldic beasts’
Arms and Flag of Nova Bukovica, Croatia (fotw)
- UNION, THE
- 1) Specifically in US usage, the canton of the US national flag - i.e. 13 -
50 white stars on a blue field (see also ’stars and stripes’,
‘union jack 3)’
and ‘union mark’).
- 2) Generically, see ‘canton 2)’ (also ‘union mark’).
Canton of the National Flag/National Jack, US (fotw);
National Flag of Anguilla (fotw)
- UNION FLAG
- 1) Specifically in UK usage, a precise term for the British national flag when flown on
land – but see ‘union jack 1)’ and ‘union jack 2)’ below.
- 2) Generically, the term that may be used when a flag symbolizes the
political or economic union of two or more
previously independent countries – for example those of the United Arab Emirates, Malaysia or
Tanzania (see also ‘union mark’).
National Flag of the
(fotw); National Flag of
Malaysia (fotw); National Flag of the United Arab Emirates (fotw);
National Flag of Tanzania (fotw)
- UNION JACK
- 1) A general and officially recognized term for the British national flag
whether flown on land or sea – but see ‘union flag 1)’ and ‘union jack 2)’ (also
St Andrew's Cross 2)’,
St George's Cross 2)’,
St Patrick's Cross’ and
- 2) In UK usage, a precise term for the British national flag when flown as a jack from the bows of a British
warship, from a yardarm to signal that a court martial is being held, or at the main masthead
as the command flag of an Admiral of the Fleet - see ‘union flag 1)’ (see also
‘flag of command’, ‘His Majesty’s Jack’.
‘jack’ and ‘naval jack’ under
- 3) In US usage, the official term for the traditional US national jack, which is the canton from the national flag (see also ‘union, the’).
Union Jack 1606 1801, England/UK (fotw); Union Jack/National Flag of the
United Kingdom (fotw);
National Jack 1795 1818, US (fotw);
National Jack, US (fotw)
a) The British national flag is legally (when undefaced)
restricted to naval vessels whilst flown afloat (see also 'civil jack', 'government
jack' and 'naval jack' under 'jack',
'pilot jack' and
b) US merchant vessels
are not forbidden by regulation to wear the union jack as described in 3) above, but (as far as can be discovered) they do not do so.
- UNION MARK
- A symbol expressing the unification of two or more countries - such as that of the European Union or the former Norwegian-Swedish Union Mark - either employed alone or as an additional charge on a flag (see also ‘charge’,
‘union’, ‘union flag’ and
‘union jack’ above).
Flag of the EU (fotw); Norway-Sweden Union Mark and Naval Jack 1844
1905 (fotw); Royal flag of Sweden 1844 - 1905
- UNION PENDANT (or PENNANT)
- 1. See ‘budgee pendant’.
2. A term originally used to also describe what later became the ordinary or common pendant see ‘common pendant’.
The Union/Budgee Pendant c1700, UK
- UNION STANDARD
- In British military usage, a term for one of three such standards each carried
by the Life Guards and the Blues and Royals - the Household cavalry - and the
equivalent of a normal cavalry guidon or infantry colour (see also
'colours 2)' and
‘guidon 2)’ and
Reverse of The Union Standard of the Blues and Royals, UK (householdcavalry info)
Please note that the Blues and Royals (unlike the Life Guards) also carry a guidon
in addition to the sovereign’s and union standards due to their amalgamation with the
Royal Dragoons in 1969.
- UNIQUE FLAG (or UNIQUE EXAMPLE)
- A flag intended in design and usage, to be the only one of its type.
Main Banner of German Athletics Union 1880 (fotw)
Please note that in East and Central European usage the ceremonial flag of
a community is often created as a unique flag – see
‘ceremonial flag 2)’.
- UNIT COLOUR (or COLOR)
- See ‘colour 2)’ and
Unit Colour of the 2nd Army Corps, 2nd Support Brigade, Greece (fotw)
- UNIT DESIGNATION
- The inscription on a colour that indicates the military group to which it
belongs (see also ‘colour 2)’.
Colour of the 103rd Field Artillery with Unit Designation, US (fotw)
- UNIT FLAG
- 1) See ‘camp flag’.
- 2) See ‘branch of service flag 2)’.
Unit/Camp Flag of The Royal Army Medical Corps, UK (Graham Bartram); Unit/Branch of Service Flag of
The Transportation Service, US (fotw)
- UNOFFICIAL FLAG
- A flag that has (or had) not been formally adopted by the relevant authority, but is (or has
been) exhibited by supporters or enthusiasts as representing a particular entity, institution or
cause, as opposed to a design or type which is so authorized or for which there is (or has been)
no authorized design see ‘official flag 1)’
(also ‘de facto 2)’,
‘folk flag’ and
‘institutional flags (unofficial)’.
Unofficial Flag of Palmyra Atoll, US (fotw); An Unofficial Flag of Guadeloupe, France (fotw); An Unofficial Scotch Union,
Scotland c1610 (fotw)
- UNREP (UNDERWAY REPLENISHMENT) FLAG
- See ‘battle flag 2)’.
Unofficial Flag of USS Elliot (Sea
- UPPER FLY (or UPPER FLY CANTON)
- In vexillology alternative terms for that quarter of a flag which occupies the upper fly -
the second canton or quarter, or the upper fly canton (see also ‘canton 3)’ and
- UPPER HOIST (or UPPER HOIST CANTON)
- In vexillology alternative terms for that quarter of a flag which occupies the upper hoist,
the canton - the first canton or quarter, or the upper hoist canton (see also ‘canton 1)’,
‘canton 3)’ and
- 1) On flags a term which may be used when a charge or charges, that are
placed horizontally or diagonally, are shown with a vertical orientation (see also
‘pall’ and ‘pile’).
- 2) In heraldry a term that may be applied (in place of rampant or its
equivalent) to the orientation of charges representing crustaceans or
Flag of Sankt Gallen, Switzerland (fotw); Arms
of the Turks and Caicos Islands (fotw);
Fuehrer’s Standard 1935 1945, Germany
- UPRIGHT CENTRED CROSS
- See ‘cross 1)’.
Flag of Smiltene, Latvia (fotw)
- UPRIGHT PALL
- See ‘pall 1)’.
Flag of Arilje, Serbia (fotw)
- UPRIGHT PILE
- See ‘pile 1)’.
Flag of Merida, Venezuela (fotw)
- UPRIGHT TRIANGLE
- See ‘triangle 2)’.
Flag of Minas Gerais, Brazil (fotw)
- In heraldry see ‘eradicated’.
Arms and Flag of Bukovany, Czechia (fotw)
- URBAN CROWN
- See ‘mural crown 1)’.
Flag of Cherbourg, France (fotw)
- The heraldic term used when the head of a fish points downward - see ‘haurient’ and ‘naiant’.
Arms of Illhaeusern, France (ICH);
Flag and Arms of Espinho, Portugal (fotw)
- US EXECUTIVE ORDER
- See ‘executive order’.
National Flag of the USA (fotw)
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