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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cord - Corsair Ensign)
Last modified: 2019-02-23 by rob raeside
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- 1) A length of decorative string or rope made from several twisted strands
with tassels at each end, generally made of silk (or a silk-like material) in
the livery or national colours (or gold/silver thread), simply knotted or tied
a bow at the centre and used to decorate a staff (usually) just below the finial –
especially (but not exclusively) that of a parade flag or military colour
(see also ‘colour 2)’,
‘national colours 2)’,
‘parade flag 2)’,
‘staff 2)’ and
- 2) As above but without tassels and used to finish the edges of a flag, usually
in the livery or national colours (or gold/silver thread).
Ceremonial Flag of Abedim-Moncao, Portugal (fisisco)
- CORDED CROSS
- See ‘roped cross’.
- CORDS AND TASSELS
- See ‘cord(s) 1)’ and ‘tassels’.
Ceremonial Flag of Abedim-Moncao (detail), Portugal (fisisco)
- CORE FLAG
- The flag whose design forms the basis of other flags, or which inspired
the creation of other flags, with a typical two examples being the Arab revolt
flag of 1917 plus the French and Russian tricolours (see
‘flag family’, 'pan-African Colours',
'pan-Arab Colours' and 'pan-Slavic Colours').
Arab Revolt Flag 1917 plus the
French and Russian Tricolours (fotw)
- CORNET (or CORNETTE or CORNUTE)
- 1) In largely British maritime usage a term, now increasingly obsolete, for
a small triangular pennant (see also 'pennant 2)').
- 2) In British RN and some other usage a term, now almost wholly obsolete,
for a swallow-tailed flag, particularly (but not exclusively) a signal flag (see also
- 3) A 17th/18th Century generic term, now obsolete, referring to any small,
- 4) An alternative form of ‘guidon’, now obsolete, as being the distinguishing
flag of a cavalry regiment (see also ‘guidon 2)’).
5) A term, now obsolete, for lowest commissioned rank in the cavalry regiments
of some countries (including those of the UK), being that rank responsible for
carrying the regiment’s cornet or guidon.
“Preceding Under Steam and Sail” in The Commercial Code of Signals c1860 (CS);
Cornette/Pennant of a Senior Officer/Commodore, Austria then Austria-Hungary 1786 – 1894 (fame)
- In heraldry see ‘garbe’.
Flag and Arms of Reduzum, The Netherlands (fotw)
- An ancient symbol of prosperity and now generally shown as a hollow, horn-shaped
basket usually (but not invariably) filled to overflowing with various kinds of festive
fruit and/ or vegetables etc – a horn of plenty.
Arms and Flag of Kharkiv, Ukraine (fotw); National Arms of
Honduras (fotw); Flag and Arms of
Ivankovo, Croatia (fotw)
- CORONATION FLAGS (or CORONATION BANNERS)
- A term for those flags or banners (differing from the usual royal standard) which are prepared
specifically for display at the installation (coronation, swearing-in or simple inauguration) of a
monarch and often (but not exclusively) consisting of the relevant royal or
national arms on a plain field – a “rijksvaandel”,
banner” or “banner of the realm” (see also ‘greater arms’
under ‘arms’, ‘installation flags’ and
‘royal standard(s) 1)’).
Coronation Flags (riksbanner), Norway 1906 and 1818 (official website);
Flag of Croatia for the Coronation of Ferdinand V in Bratislava 1830 (fotw)
- 1) Generically on flags, a crown without a curved bar across the top that
may be seen in a wide variety of shapes and circumstances - an open crown
(see also ‘antique crown’,
'mural crown' and
'naval crown' and
2) Specifically on flags, the term may be used when a hereditary ruler (or
former hereditary ruler) is of a lesser rank than that of crowned monarch - a princely, arch-ducal or
grand-ducal coronet (bonnet or hat), or similar
(see also ‘electoral cap’).
3) In English heraldry a crown without cross bar across the top as 1) above,
but also a symbol of nobility whose exact design is dependent upon the rank of
the person concerned (see also ‘mantle’).
Archducal Coronet, Austria (fotw);
Flag of Cambridgeshire, UK (fotw);
National Flag of Andorra c1866 – c1934/5 (fotw);
Coronets of a Duke and of a Viscount in English heraldry (Wikipedia)
Please note that the use of a cross-bar across the
top to indicate royal status and to differentiate between a crown and a coronet
is of comparatively recent date (in English usage from the reign of King Henry VII, 1485 – 1509).
- CORPORATE FLAG (or PENNANT)
- The distinguishing flag or pennant of a shore-based commercial concern as opposed to
that of merchant marine company – a commercial flag/pennant (see also
‘house flag 1)’ and
Flag of Lufthansa, Germany (fotw); Flag of
Citroën, France (fotw); Flag of
Avis, US (fotw); Flag of
Banco Totta, Portugal (fotw);
Pennant of ČLS , Czechoslovakia 1927 – 1935 (fotw)
- CORPORATE LOGO
- See ‘logo’.
Flag of Pan American Airways, US (fotw)
- CORPORATION (or CORPORATE) BANNER
- In largely UK usage, a type of processional banner whose symbolism relates to the
corporate body of a town council or corporation, or to the community represented –
see ‘banner 3)’.
- CORPS FLAG
- 1) See ‘camp flag’.
- 2) See ‘branch of service flag 2)’.
Corps/Camp Flag of the Royal Armoured Corps, UK (Graham Bartram); Flag of the
Corps of Engineers, US (fotw)
- See ‘jolly roger 1)’ and ‘privateer(s)’.
Flag of Edward Lowe, Early 18th C (fotw)
- CORSAIR ENSIGN
- See ‘privateer ensign’
and ‘jolly roger 1)’.
Corsair/Privateer Ensign, Spain 1820 (fotw)
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